RMS Windsor Castle (1922)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the later Union-Castle ship of the same name, see RMS Windsor Castle (1959).
SS Windsor Castle.jpg
Windsor Castle at Cape Town, South Africa.
Career (UK)
Name: SS Windsor Castle
Owner: Union-Castle Line
Port of registry: United Kingdom Southampton, United Kingdom
Builder: John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland
Launched: 9 March 1921
Maiden voyage: April 1922
Fate: Sunk on 23 March 1943 by an enemy aircraft off Algiers, Algeria
General characteristics
Tonnage: 18,967 gross register tons (GRT), 19,141 gross register tons (GRT) after 1937 refit.
Length: 661 ft(201.9 m), lengthened to 686 ft (209.6 m) after 1937 refit.
Beam: 72.5 ft (22.2 m)
Propulsion: Steam turbines turning two propellers.
Speed: 17 knots. 20 knots after 1937 refit.
Capacity: 870, reduced to 604 during 1937 refit.

The first RMS Windsor Castle, along with her sister, RMS Arundel Castle, was an ocean liner laid down by the Union-Castle Line for service from the United Kingdom to South Africa. Originally laid down in 1916, their construction was held up by the First World War. They were not completed until 1922. They were the only four-stacked ocean liners built for a route other than the transatlantic. During the thirties, Windsor and Arundel were given refits to make them look more modern. This included reducing their funnels from four to two, and they both were given raked, more modern bows, which slightly increased their length. Also removed were the ships' large gantry-like davits capable of carrying six lifeboats each (like those carried on HMHS Britannic), which were replaced with the much more common Welin davits featured on liners such as RMS Titanic.

SS Windsor Castle after her refit; which her four funnels were reduced to two funnels.

Commissioned as a troop transport in the Second World War, the Windsor Castle was sunk by enemy aircraft in 1943 while in the Mediterranean Sea as part of convoy KMF-11, by a torpedo launched from a German aircraft. She was hit by the torpedo at 2:30 am but did not sink until 5:25 pm, stern first, 110 miles WNW of Algiers, Algeria. Only one crewman, Junior Engineer Officer William Ogilvie Mann, died. 2,699 troops and 289 crew were removed by the destroyers HMS Whaddon, HMS Eggesford, and HMS Douglas.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°28′N 01°10′E / 37.467°N 1.167°E / 37.467; 1.167