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ROM, Rom, or rom is an abbreviation and name that may refer to:
In computers and mathematics
- Read-only memory, a type of storage media that is used in computers and other electronic devices.
- ROM image, a computer file which contains a copy of the data from a read-only memory chip
- ROM (MUD), a popular MUD codebase
- Random oracle model, a mathematical abstraction used in cryptographic proofs
- ROM cartridge, a portable form of read-only memory
- RoM, Request of Maintainer (see Software maintainer)
- Rough Order of Magnitude estimate (see cost estimation in software engineering)
In biomechanics and medicine
- Range of motion, the distance and direction a joint can move between the flexed position and the extended position.
- Risk of mortality, a medical classification to estimate the likelihood of death for a patient.
- Rupture of membranes
- Range of motion, the distance (linear or angular) that a movable object may normally travel while properly attached to another object.
- RFID on metal
In society and geography
- Rom (plural Roma), one of the ethnic designations used by the Romani people
- "ROM", the ISO 639 alpha-2 designation of the Romani language
- The Royal Ontario Museum, a museum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- River Rom, England
- Rom (river), Switzerland and Italy
- Rom (Mecklenburg), community in the district of Parchim, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
- Rom, Deux-Sèvres, a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France
- Rom, Iran, a village in South Khorasan Province, Iran
- Republic of Macedonia
In fiction and entertainment
- Rom (comics), a Marvel Comics superhero based on the Parker Brothers toy of the same name
- Rom (Star Trek), a Ferengi character in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine
- Runes of Magic, a popular MMORPG
- Ethan Rom, one of the Others in the TV series LOST
- Rom, a fictional character in Hyperdimension Neptunia Mk2
- Return on margin, a judge of performance based on the net gain or net loss compared to the perceived risk
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