RPG-22

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RPG-22
RPG-22 rocket launcher.jpg
RPG-22 launcher
Type Rocket-propelled grenade
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1985
Specifications
Weight 2.8 kg
Length 785 mm (unarmed)
850 mm (ready to fire)

Shell HEAT with penetration of 400 mm versus RHA
Caliber 72.5 mm
Muzzle velocity 133 m/s
Effective firing range 150–200 m
Maximum firing range 250 m

The Soviet RPG-22 Netto is a one-shot disposable anti-tank rocket launcher first deployed in 1985, based on the RPG-18 rocket launcher, but firing a larger 72.5 mm fin stabilised projectile. The weapon fires an unguided projectile, can be prepared to fire in around 10 seconds, and can penetrate 400 mm of armour, 1.2 metres of brick or 1 metre of reinforced concrete.[1]

Operation[edit]

RPG-22 (third from the bottom) with comparable Soviet/Russian rocket launchers

The smoothbore container is made from two fiberglass parts; a main tube containing the rocket, and a telescoping forward extension, which slides over the barrel.

In transport mode, both ends of the barrel are closed by plastic covers, which open when the weapon is extended. The firing mechanism is manually cocked by raising the rear sight. Lowering the rear sight de-cocks the weapon if there is no target.

On firing, there is a backblast danger area behind the weapon, of at least 15 metres. The solid propellant motor completely burns out while the rocket is still in the barrel tube, accelerating it to about 133 metres per second. The weapon has simple pop-up sights graduated to ranges of 50, 150 and 250m.

To keep training costs down, a reusable RPG-22 is available that fires a 30 mm subcalibre projectile, weighing 350g, to operational ranges. Handling is identical to that of the full caliber version, with the exception of the discharge noise and backblast.

Use[edit]

On the evening of 20 September 2000, the MI6 Building in London (the headquarters of the British Secret Intelligence Service) was attacked by unapprehended forces using a RPG-22 anti-tank rocket, causing superficial damage.[2]

A weapons cache destined for the Real IRA that was seized in Croatia in August 2000 contained a number of RPG-22s. Prices range from £150 to £220 per weapon. The one used against the MI6 building was Russian-made, while one found at Dungannon came from Bulgaria.[3]

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RPG-22 Neto light anti-tank weapon (Russian Federation), Anti-tank weapons". Jane's Infantry Weapons. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "'Rocket' theory over MI6 blast". BBC. 2000-09-21. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  3. ^ "Missile launcher in attack was new to UK". The Independent. 2000-09-23. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  4. ^ "RPG-22 NETTO". VMZ Sopot Official Website. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Produced Locally by Scientific Technical Centre Delta "Armament of the Georgian Army". Georgian Army. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  6. ^ http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?138961-Military-Parade-2008-Peru-(first-post-and-loads-of-pics!)

Reference in Print[edit]

  • Jones, Richard. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2005–06. Coulsdon: Jane's, 2005. ISBN 0-7106-2694-0.