RPO-A Shmel

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RPO-A Shmel
RPO-A missile and launcher.jpg
RPO-Shmel and Launcher
Type Rocket launcher
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service Late 1980s
Used by See Users
Wars See Service history
Production history
Designer KBP
Designed 1980s
Manufacturer KBP
Produced Late 1980s
Variants RPO-A, RPO-Z, RPO-D, Shmel-M, MGK Bur
Specifications
Weight 11 kg
Length Launcher: 920 mm, Rocket: 700mm

Caliber 93 mm
Muzzle velocity 125 ±5 m/s
Effective firing range 20m - 1000m (sighting range is 600m), RPO-M is 1700m (sighting range is 800m)
Sights iron

The RPO-A "Shmel" (Russian "РПО-А Шмель") (RPO-A "Bumblebee") is a man-portable rocket launcher although it is classified as a flamethrower (Russian Реактивный Пехотный Огнемет) (Reactive Infantry Flamethrower) by the manufacturer, KBP, Tula.

The "Shmel" is designed, produced and exported by the Russian Federation and previously by the Soviet Union. It entered service with the Soviet Armed Forces at the end of the 1980s as the successor for the RPO "Rys".

Description[edit]

The RPO-A is a single-shot, self-contained tube shaped launcher which operates much like some RPG and LAW rocket launchers. The launcher is a sealed tube, carried in a man-pack in pairs. The same person can remove the tube, place it in firing position, and launch the weapon without assistance. After launch, the tube is discarded. All models are externally similar.

Ammunition[edit]

Each weapon contains a single rocket, of which there are three varieties. The basic rocket is the RPO-A, which has a thermobaric warhead and is designed for attacking soft targets under moderate cover. The RPO-Z is the incendiary warhead (Rus. зажигательный) designed to spread fire and ignite targets. Finally, there is a smoke-producing warhead (Rus. дымовой) offered, the RPO-D.

Specifications[edit]

RPO-A Shmel (fourth from the bottom) with comparable Soviet/Russian rocket launchers

Specifications provided by Jane's:[1]

  • Calibre: 93 mm
  • Length:
    • Launcher: 920 mm
    • Rocket: 700 mm
  • Weight:
    • Single weapon: 11 kg
    • Transit pack of two: 22 kg
  • Sighting range: 600 m
  • Range:
    • Minimum: 20 m
    • Maximum: 1,000 m
  • Initial velocity: 125 ±5 m/s
  • Warhead:
    • RPO-A: 2.1 kg thermobaric
    • RPO-Z: 2.1 kg incendiary
    • RPO-D: 2.3 kg smoke
  • Operational temperature range: −50 to +50 °C
  • Shelf life: 10 years

Variants[edit]

RPO PDM-A Shmel-M

A recent development is the improved RPO-M "Shmel-M" that was shown for the first time at Eurosatory 2006. This version is quite similar to the original weapon, but has a calibre of 90 mm and a weight of 8.8 kg. Its launcher is reusable. The system has better ergonomics and uses an improved rocket with better ballistics and terminal effect and with a maximum range of 1,700 m. The "Shmel-M" is also known as RPO PDM-A (Rus. Повышенной Дальности и Мощности — "enhanced range and lethality") and is produced for the local and export markets. Adopted in 24.12.2003.[2][3][4][5][6]
MGK Bur (Rus. Малогабаритный Гранатомётный Комплекс — "Compact Grenade-launching System") is a 62 mm variant with reusable launch tube.[7][8] Maximum range is 950 meters, sighting (with day telescopic sights) - 650 meters. Complex weighs less than 5 kg. Starting device provides for at least 500 rounds. As of October 2014 it has been accepted into service and its serial production has been started.[9]

Service history[edit]

RPO weapons have seen use by the Soviet Army in Afghanistan and by both the Russian and the separatist forces in the First and Second Chechen Wars.[citation needed] On 9 August 2014, during the Donbass War, the Ukrainian border checkpoint of Milove was attacked using RPO flamethrowers. The main building was hit by five incendiary rockets.[10]

Users[edit]

Former

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]