RRS Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin in Avonmouth Docks, being readied for a research cruise.
|Name:||RRS Charles Darwin|
|Owner:||Natural Environment Research Council|
|Operator:||NERC - Research Vessel Services|
|Builder:||Appledore Shipbuilders, North Devon|
|Launched:||22 February 1984 by the Prince of Wales|
|Out of service:||June 2006|
|Name:||RV Ocean Researcher|
|Owner:||Gardline Shipping ltd.|
|Operator:||Gardline Shipping Limited.|
|Port of registry:||Lowestoft|
|Identification:||IMO number: 8207941
MMSI Number: 235011460
|Class & type:||DTp VII, Lloyds 100A1|
|Type:||Oceanography then Multi-Role Survey Vessel|
|Displacement:||2,556 tonnes, fully loaded.|
|Length:||69.4 m (228 ft)|
|Beam:||14.4 m (47 ft)|
|Draught:||4.85 m (16 ft)|
|Installed power:||3 Mirrlees Blackstone MB275 diesels: 7,950 hp (5,928 kW)|
|Propulsion:||Single controllable pitch 4-bladed StoneVickers propeller
White Gill Azimuthing bow thruster
|Speed:||12.5 knots (23.2 km/h; 14.4 mph)|
|Range:||9,240 nautical miles (17,110 km; 10,630 mi)|
|Complement:||39 (inc. scientific staff)|
|Simrad EM 12S 120 and EA500 echo/sonar; multiple GPS systems; Bridgemaster ARPA C342/6 and C252/6 radar.|
RRS Charles Darwin was built in 1985 by Appledore Shipbuilders in Devon. Named after the eminent English naturalist, she was used primarily for research in oceanography, geology, and geophysics. After 21 years of service, Charles Darwin was retired in June 2006, and replaced by the RRS James Cook.
RRS Charles Darwin carried out 180 research cruises, worldwide, in her 21 years as a Natural Environment Research Council ship. The first cruise, in 1985, in the Northeast Atlantic, was led by Professor John Gould. Researchers from the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, studying climate change, have used RRS Charles Darwin to investigate the slowing of the Gulf Stream. Her final cruise was a geophysical survey for the British Geological Survey.
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- "Ocean Researcher". Sea Agent. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- "Charles Darwin". Ship Photos. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Freeman, R. B. (2007). "Charles Darwin: A companion". The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
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- "Ocean Researcher". Ships Nostalgia. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- "RRS Charles Darwin". The Inter-Agency Committee on Marine Science and Technology. Retrieved 13 October 2007.
- "Farewell to Royal Research Ship". NERC. 9 June 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
- "Ocean Researcher". Gardline Geosurvey. Retrieved 2007-11-24.