RS-24 Yars

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"RS-24" redirects here. For the American rocket motor sometimes designated RS-24, see Space Shuttle Main Engine.
RS-24 Yars
Rs24launch.jpg
Type Intercontinental ballistic missile
Place of origin  Russia
Service history
In service July 2010
Used by Russian Strategic Missile Troops
Production history
Designer Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology
Manufacturer Votkinsk Machine Building Plant
Specifications
Weight 49,000 kg
Length 20.9 m
Diameter 2 m
Warhead At least 4 MIRVs with 100–300 kiloton warheads[1][2]

Propellant solid
Operational
range
12,000 km (7,500 mi)[3]
Speed Mach 20+
Guidance
system
Inertial with Glonass
Accuracy 50m
Launch
platform
Silo, road-mobile TEL

The RS-24 Yars also known as RT-24 Yars (NATO reporting name: SS-27 Mod 2[4]) is a Russian MIRV-equipped, thermonuclear intercontinental ballistic missile first tested on May 29, 2007 after a secret military R&D project, to replace the older R-36 and UR-100N that have been in use for nearly 50 years.[5][6] RS-24 is a missile that is heavier than the current Topol-M (which can carry up to 10 independently targetable warheads).[7] The 2007 tests were publicized as a response to the missile shield that the United States were planning to deploy in Europe.[8][9] RS-24 has been deployed operationally since 2010.

Testing[edit]

Asserted by the Russian government as being designed to defeat present and potential anti-missile systems,[10][11] the ICBM was first tested by a launch from a mobile launcher at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northwestern Russia at 11:20 GMT, May 29, 2007 and its test warheads landed on target about 5,750 km (3,573 mi) away at the Kura Test Range in Far Eastern Kamchatka Peninsula.[12][13][14]

The second launch from Plesetsk to the Kura Test Range was conducted on December 25, 2007 at 13:10 GMT. It successfully reached its destination. The third successful launch from the Plesetsk space center in northwest Russia was conducted on November 26, 2008 at 13:20 GMT. The missile's multiple re-entry vehicles successfully landed on targets on the Kura testing range.[15][16]

Neither the development nor deployment of RS-24 is likely to be threatened by the enforcement of the New START treaty.[17] It was again tested on 24 December 2013 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northwest Russia.[18]

On April 2014, Moscow's Strategic Missile Forces test-fired the RS-24 Yars equipped with re-entry warhead from Plesetsk, 800 km northeast of Moscow.

The launch took place at about 10:40am local time.[citation needed]

"The main task of the launch was to confirm the reliability of a batch of missiles manufactured at the Votkinsk plant, in Udmurtia," said Colonel Igor Yegorov, spokesperson for the defence ministry's Strategic Missile Force unit, reports ITAR TASS news agency.Moscow's latest test has come amid the deepening crisis in the eastern Ukrainian cities (From International Business Times, April 14, 2014).

Deployment[edit]

In June 2008 the chief designer of the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology, Yuri Solomonov, announced that the RS-24 is an enhanced, MIRVed development of the Topol-M missile that would finish all testing in 2008 and most likely be deployed in 2009.[19] According to General Nikolai Solovtsov, the commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces (SRF), the first RS-24 missiles will be deployed in Teykovo in 2009.[20]

On March 17, 2009 General Solovtsov announced that the first regiment of RS-24 ICBMs will be put into service in December 2009 when START-1 is set to expire.[21] He later repeated that statement on May 7.[22] According to the Russian rocket forces the first six RS-24 missiles will be mobile.[23]

Further on October 10, 2009, on ITAR-TASS, General Andrei Shvaichenko, the new SRF commander, confirmed the December 2009 deployment of the RS-24 which will support the existing Topol-M (RS-12М2) missile complex.[24]

Testing for the new-generation ICBM was completed in mid-July 2010, and the first missiles were deployed shortly after on July 19.[25]

In December 2010 the 54th Guards Rocket Division in Teykovo received its second delivery of RS-24 missile systems. In total 6 missiles were deployed by the end of 2010.[26] 3 more mobile missile systems were deployed in July 2011 and then the first regiment was operational.[27] In December 2011 first division of second regiment with 3 missiles was put on combat duty and second division will be deployed by 2011 year end.[28] On 16 August 2012 it was reported that a second regiment of the 54th Guards Rocket Division in Teikovo, central Russia will be fully equipped with Yars mobile ballistic missile systems in 2012, said Strategic Missile Forces (SMF) spokesman Col.Vadim Koval.

Russia fully deployed the first Yars regiment consisting of three battalions in August 2011, and put two battalions of the second regiment on combat duty on December 27, 2011. The deployment of the third battalion of the second regiment completed the rearming of the Teikovo division with Yars systems. The two regiments consist of a total of 18 missile systems and several mobile command posts. Two more missile divisions will start receiving the Yars systems in 2013.[29]

The 39th Guards Rocket Division, at Novosibirsk in Siberia, will receive mobile Yars systems, while the 28th Guards Rocket Division at Kozelsk (in central Russia) will be armed with the silo-based version of the system.The Strategic Missile Troops said that the Topol-M and RS-24 ballistic missiles would be the mainstay of the ground-based component of Russia's nuclear triad and would account for no less than 80% of the SMF's arsenal by 2016.[30]

Operators[edit]

 Russia
Total of 42 mobile and silo based missiles.[31]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/rs-24.htm
  2. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/russia_russian_missile_system_vehicle_uk/rs-24_yars_nuclear_intercontinental_ballistic_missile_mzkt-79221_technical_data_sheet_specifications.html
  3. ^ http://english.pravda.ru/russia/economics/25-05-2012/121221-yars_topol-0/
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Russia's fastest missile passes test". RussiaToday. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  6. ^ "Russian Official Boasts of New ICBM". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2007-06-02. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  7. ^ Sweeney, Conor (November 28, 2008). "Russia seeks new missiles due to U.S. shield plans". Reuters. Retrieved 14 March 2009. 
  8. ^ Luke Harding (2007-05-30). "Russian missile test adds to arms race fears". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "Russian missile test new warning over US shield". Gulf Times. May 31, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-31. 
  10. ^ New missile can beat any defence system, RussiaToday, 2008-11-26
  11. ^ BBC NEWS: Russia blames US in missile row
  12. ^ "Russia hits target in ICBM debut test". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  13. ^ "Russia Tested Satan Successor". Kommersant. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  14. ^ BBC NEWS: Russia tests long-range missile
  15. ^ "Russia test launches new RS-24 ICBM". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2007-12-25. 
  16. ^ "Russia successfully tests intercontinental missile: Space War report". 
  17. ^ "New Start won't keep Russia from developing Bulava missiles – deputy PM | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2011-02-05. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  18. ^ http://en.ria.ru/military_news/20131224/185893612/Russia-Test-Fires-New-Yars-Ballistic-Missile-.html
  19. ^ "ВПК". Vpk-news.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  20. ^ Russia test-launches new-generation RS-24 ballistic missile – RIA Novosti
  21. ^ "Russia to put regiment of RS-24 missiles into service in Dec. | Russia | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  22. ^ "Russia to deploy regiment of RS-24 ballistic missiles in late 2009 | Russia | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  23. ^ Армс-Тасс. "Армс-Тасс" (in Russian). Armstass.su. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  24. ^ "нПСФХЕ: аНЕБНИ ЯНЯРЮБ пЮЙЕРМШУ БНИЯЙ НАМНБЪР МЮ 80 ОПНЖЕМРНБ". Lenta.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  25. ^ "Вести.Ru: На вооружение РВСН поступил дивизион новых ракет". Vesti.ru. 2010-07-19. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  26. ^ "ВЗГЛЯД / Ракеты лучше, полков меньше". Vz.ru. 2010-12-17. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  27. ^ Deployment of the first full regiment of RS-24 is completed. "Deployment of the first full regiment of RS-24 is completed – Blog – Russian strategic nuclear forces". Russianforces.org. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  28. ^ © Фото: пресс-служба Минобороны России. "Второй дивизион "Ярсов" заступит на дежурство в Ивановской области | Оборона и безопасность | Лента новостей "РИА Новости"". Ria.ru. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  29. ^ http://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=11368246@egNews
  30. ^ http://en.rian.ru/military_news/20120216/171343460.html
  31. ^ Militaryrussia.ru