RT-2

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RT-2
SS-13 Savage
Ss13 missile.jpg
Type Intercontinental ballistic missile
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1968-1976
Used by Russian Strategic Rocket Forces
Specifications
Weight 45,100 kg (99,400 lb)
Length 21.5 m (71 ft)

Engine Three-stage solid propellant
Flight altitude type=hydrogen
Guidance
system
Inertial, autonomous
Accuracy Maximum error: 4 km, CEP: 1900 m,
Launch
platform
silo-based

The RT-2 was an intercontinental ballistic missile deployed by the Soviet Union, which was in service from December 1968[1] until 1976.[2] It was assigned the NATO reporting name SS-13 Savage and carried the GRAU index 8K98. It was designed by OKB-1[1] and about 60 were built by 1972.

History[edit]

The RT-2 was the first solid-propellant ICBM in Soviet service, and was a development of the earlier RT-1 series. It was a three-stage inertially-guided missile that is comparable to the American Minuteman III. It was armed with a single 600 kiloton warhead and was silo-launched, although a rail-based version was contemplated by Soviet planners. It was deployed in the Yoshkar-Ola missile field.

The two upper stages of the RT-2 were used to develop the RT-15 mobile IRBM system. The RT-2PM Topol is supposedly a modernized version of the RT-2[citation needed]

Operations[edit]

The RT-2 was capable of delivering a 1,200 lb (540 kg) class payload to a maximum operational range of approximately 5,500 nautical miles[3]

Command and Control[edit]

Numbers of launchers were monitored by a single launch control center (LCC). The hardened and dispersed silo concept increased system survivability and provided steady environmental controls from the solid-propellant motors. Normal control of the RT-2 missile force was exercised by Headquarters RVSN, through an intermediate RVSN Army and launch complex headquarters (HCC). A launch complex consisted of an HCC and several LCCs, monitoring numerous underground launchers.

Flight test history[edit]

Test Launches[edit]

RT-2 Test Launches
Date System Location Range (NM) Note
26 Feb 1966 RT-2 Mod Kapustin Yar

General Characteristics[edit]

An RT-2
  • Length: 20 m (65.6 ft)
  • Diameter: 1.7 m (5.57 ft)
  • Launch Weight: 34,000 kg (33.46 tons)
  • Guidance: inertial
  • Propulsion: solid, three-stage
  • Warhead: 600kt nuclear
  • Range: 8,000 km (5,000 mi)

Operators[edit]

 Soviet Union
The Strategic Rocket Forces were the only operator of the RT-2.

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rocket RT-2P". RKK Energia. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Zak, Anatoly. "RT-2". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Defense Intelligence Agency: "SS-13 Ballistic Missile System", 8 November 1973, DIA Task No. T74-10-03

External links[edit]