RTI-83

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RTI-83
RTI-83.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
methyl (1R,2S,3S,5S)-3-(4-ethylphenyl)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylate
Clinical data
Identifiers
155337-52-3
PubChem CID 9882384
Chemical data
Formula C18H25NO2
287.396 g/mol

(–)-2β-Carbomethoxy-3β-(4-ethylphenyl)tropane (RTI-83) is a phenyltropane derivative which represents a rare example of an SDRI or serotonin-dopamine reuptake inhibitor, a drug which inhibits the reuptake of the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, while having little or no effect on the reuptake of the related neurotransmitter noradrenaline. With a binding affinity (Ki) of 55 nM at DAT and 28.4 nM at SERT but only 4030 nM at NET, RTI-83 has reasonable selectivity for DAT/SERT over NET, but further research has shown that by extending the ethyl chain even better selectivity can be achieved, with the 4′-(cis-propenyl) analogue having Ki values of 15 nM at DAT and 7.1 nM at SERT, vs 28,000 nM at NET.[1][2]

cis-propenyl analogue (RTI-11w)

Such drugs are speculated to be useful as potential antidepressants, but few examples have been reported in the literature as yet. However while RTI-83 has been used for binding studies to model the monoamine transporter proteins,[3] its pharmacology in vivo has not been studied in detail.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blough BE, Abraham P, Lewin AH, Kuhar MJ, Boja JW, Carroll FI. Synthesis and transporter binding properties of 3 beta-(4′-alkyl-, 4′-alkenyl-, and 4′-alkynylphenyl)nortropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl esters: serotonin transporter selective analogs. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 1996 Sep 27;39(20):4027-35. PMID 8831768
  2. ^ Singh S (March 2000). "Chemistry, design, and structure-activity relationship of cocaine antagonists". Chemical Reviews 100 (3): 925–1024. doi:10.1021/cr9700538. PMID 11749256. 
  3. ^ Roman DL, Saldaña SN, Nichols DE, Carroll FI, Barker EL. Distinct molecular recognition of psychostimulants by human and Drosophila serotonin transporters. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 2004 Feb;308(2):679-87. PMID 14593087