RWD 7

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RWD 7
RWD7 Drzewiecki Wedrychowski.jpg
Jerzy Drzewiecki and Jerzy Wędrychowski by the RWD 7
Role Sports plane
Manufacturer Warsaw University of Technology workshops
Designer RWD team
First flight July 1931
Introduction 1931
Retired 1938
Primary user Polish civilian aviation
Number built 1

The RWD 7 was a Polish sports plane of 1931, constructed by the RWD team.

Development[edit]

The RWD 7 was constructed by the RWD team of Stanisław Rogalski, Stanisław Wigura and Jerzy Drzewiecki in Warsaw. It was based upon their earlier designs, especially the RWD 2 and RWD 4. The RWD 7 was meant to be a record-beating plane, so it had a more powerful engine, while its mass was reduced. From its predecessors, it took the same fish-shaped fuselage without a direct view towards forward from the pilot's seat.[1]

The only RWD 7 built (registration SP-AGH) was flown in July 1931 by its designer Jerzy Drzewiecki. On August 12, 1931, Drzewiecki and Jerzy Wędrychowski established an international FAI speed record of 178 km/h (111 mph) in the light touring plane class, (below 280 kg / 616 lb empty weight).[1] On September 30, 1932, Drzewiecki and Antoni Kocjan set a height record of 6,023 m (19,755 ft). The RWD 7 was used in Warsaw Aero Club, among others, for aerobatics, then in 1936 it was bought by a known aviator Zbigniew Babiński for touring flights and used until 1938.[1]

The RWD 7 was known for its extremely short take-off run: with a single crew member only 18 m (59 ft), with two crew members, 30 m (98 ft).[1]

Description[edit]

The RWD 7 was a wooden construction, conventional in layout, high-wing cantilever monoplane. The fuselage was rectangular in cross-section (narrowing in upper part), plywood-covered, apart from the engine section, which was aluminium sheet-covered. The wings were trapezoid, single-spar, single part, canvas and plywood covered. A crew of two was sitting in tandem, with a pilot in the rear cab. The crew cabs were open on upper sides, and had doors on the right side. The engine was 5-cylinder Armstrong Siddeley Genet II radial engine, 56 kW (75 hp) nominal power. Two-blade wooden propeller of a fixed pitch. The plane had a conventional landing gear, with a rear skid. A 30 l fuel tank was in central part of wing. A cruise fuel consumption was 18 l/hour.[1]

Specifications[edit]

Data from Glass, A. (1977), p. 299

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 1
  • Length: 9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 6.3 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 2.0 m (6 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 13.60 m² (146 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 246 kg (541 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 440 kg (968 lb)
  • Useful load: 194 kg ()
  • Powerplant: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley Genet II air-cooled 5-cylinder radial engine, 75 hp (56 kW)

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Glass, A., op.cit., p.298-299
  • Andrzej Glass: "Polskie konstrukcje lotnicze 1893-1939" (Polish aviation constructions 1893-1939), WKiŁ, Warsaw 1977 (Polish language, no ISBN)