|Tartu Air Base|
Main runway in 2009
|IATA: none – ICAO: none|
|Operator||Soviet Air Force|
|Elevation AMSL||223 ft / 68 m|
Tartu Air Base (Raadi Airfield) is a former air base in Estonia located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) northeast of Tartu. The land once belonged to Raadi Manor and is now designated as the new site of the Estonian National Museum.
In 1940 100 hectares (250 acres) were requisitioned from the Raadi Manor estates to create a Russian airport. The airfield was fought over during the Second World War and the manor house was burnt during the Tartu Offensive.
The airport became a major Soviet bomber base for fifty years. The secrecy of the airfield meant that foreigners were not allowed to visit the city. Over 100 bombers were based here making it the largest Baltic airfield. This meant that the museum's collection had to be stored in places like the city's churches. The airfield is still seen as a reminder that Estonia was occupied by Soviet forces.
It was a fairly extensive base with 24 large revetments and over 30 small ones. It was a Soviet base, home to 132 TBAP (132nd Heavy Bomber Aviation Regiment) which flew Tupolev Tu-16 and Tupolev Tu-22M aircraft. It was also a transport base with the 192 and/or 196 VTAP (Military Transport Aviation Regiment) flying Ilyushin Il-76M cargo jets until 1990. These jets were relocated to Tver.
By 1993 it was listed as a designated emergency airfield on a Jeppesen chart for airline use although this is no longer possible as the runway has various used car lots preventing use by planes. On 16 January 2006 the winning works of the international architecture competition held to design the new Estonian National Museum building were revealed.  
- History, ERM.ee, retrieved 31 December 2013
- Estonian National Museum Where is this? When is this?, ERM.ee, retrieved 1 January 2014
- "Dal'nyaya Aviatsiya". Aviabaza KPOI.
- "37 Vozdushnaya Armiya VGK". Brinkster.com.
- "The Estonian National Museum’s New building".
- "1 prize entitled Memory Field".
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