Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mani Ratnam|
|Produced by||Mani Ratnam|
|Screenplay by||Mani Ratnam|
|Music by||A. R. Rahman|
|Editing by||A. Sreekar Prasad|
|Distributed by||ShowMan Pictures
|Running time||139 minutes|
|Budget||300 million (US$5.0 million)|
|Box office||286 million (US$4.8 million)|
Raavan is a 2010 Indian thriller film directed, written and produced by Mani Ratnam. It stars Abhishek Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai and Vikram in the lead roles while Govinda, Ravi Kishan, Nikhil Dwivedi, Priyamani and Tejaswini Kolhapure feature in key supporting roles. This film was the Bollywood debut of Vikram. It was simultaneously released in Tamil as Raavanan with a slightly different cast, which would also be dubbed into Telugu and other regional languages. The film's score and soundtrack is composed by A. R. Rahman. The film was released on 18 June 2010. The film's premiere was held in London on 16 June 2010.
The film opens with shots showing Beera Munda (Abhishek Bachchan), a bandit, jumping off a cliff into the water. His gang is busy distracting the police and a few police vehicles are set ablaze.
A brief montage of shots showcases the story of Beera. He is seen as a local hero, a sort of Robin Hood - who runs a parallel government, with his brothers - Mangal (Ravi Kishan) and Hariya (Ajay Gehi). Though considered a terrorist by the local police, Beera is respected by the villagers. He kidnaps Ragini hoping to avenge the death of his sister Jamuni (Priyamani). Ragini refuses to die at the hands of a bandit and jumps off the cliff, but is unable to kill herself. This prompts Beera to postpone her killing, as it is useless to kill someone who has no fear of death.
Dev and his team enter the forests with the aid of Sanjeevani Kumar (Govinda), a forest guard. Despite searching deep in the forests, Dev is unable to hunt down Beera. Meanwhile, Beera and Mangal infiltrate the police tents when Dev is not present. By chance they stumble upon Inspector Hemant (Nikhil Dwivedi), Dev's junior and his assistant. Beera kidnaps Hemant and takes him to his hideout, where Mangal shaves off his hair, snatches all his clothes and pin him deep into the soil, only his head sticking out from the ground.
Ragini discovers Hemant in this condition and reproaches Beera and Mangal for such inhuman acts. Beera eventually tells Ragini the story of his sister's death; Dev had led an encounter against Beera during Jamuni's wedding. Dev's shot grazed Beera in the neck. Beera escaped, but Hemant captured and took Jamuni to the police station. She was kept in police custody all night and was serially raped by the policemen, when she refused to reveal Beera's whereabouts. Beera returns home to find Jamuni distraught and traumatized. The next day, she commits suicide by drowning in a nearby well.
Hearing Beera's history and the reason for his blood-thirst, Ragini feels sorry for him. Eventually, they both seem to develop some weakness for each other. While Beera reveals his feelings openly to Ragini, she tries to hide hers as she is still not sure about them.
Meanwhile, Sanjeevani Kumar sneaks into the place where Ragini was kept under watchful protection. He tells her of Dev's relentless search for her, but at that moment Mangal comes from behind and overpowers and captures Sanjeevani. He is taken as prisoner in front of Beera, whom he warns of the consequences of keeping another man's wife in his house. He also tells him to return Ragini to Dev, or be responsible for the destruction of his people. Beera bluntly refuses to follow his advice.
Unhappy that his brother is preparing for war, Hariya convinces Beera to allow him to offer a truce to Dev. Hariya goes with Sanjeevani to their camp. Dev initially seems to agree, but when Hariya comes out in the open, Dev shoots him to death. An enraged Beera sets the police tents on fire by an ambush attack with his gang. Dev and Beera come face to face for a final confrontation on an old, rickety mountain bridge. Dev fights Beera with brute force, but Beera manages to outwit him. He almost lets Dev fall to his death but saves him because his wife was waiting for him. Beera releases Ragini and leaves. Dev and Ragini re-unite after fourteen days. However, Dev yells at an invisible Beera, vowing to come back and destroy him.
While riding a train back to their hometown, Dev accuses Ragini of infidelity and informs her that it was Beera who told him so. Furious, Ragini leaves Dev to meet Beera through Mangal. When she does, she asks him what Beera had told Dev. Beera replies that he had said he protected Ragini for all the fourteen days and nothing else. They quickly realize Dev lied, hoping Ragini would lead him to his hideout. Dev appears with a police team and confront the duo, reminding Beera of the vow. Ragini stands in front of Beera to save him, but Beera pushes her out of the line of fire. He is shot multiple times. Ragini's true feelings comes to surface when she tries to save Beera with all her might. Content that Ragini too has feelings for him, Beera falls off the cliff to his death with a smile.
- Govinda as Sanjeevani Kumar
- Abhishek Bachchan as Beera
- Aishwarya Rai Bachchan as Ragini Sharma
- Vikram as Dev Pratap Sharma
- Ravi Kishan as Mangal
- Priyamani as Jamuni
- Nikhil Dwivedi as Inspector Hemant
- Ajay Gehi as Hari/Hariya
Shooting began in Athirappilly Falls and the forest nearby the falls.The crew make a huge set at the end of October 2008. During filming, Mani Ratnam became ill which delayed the filming for a few months in 2009. However, the film began its last schedule in August 2009. The film finished filming and went into post production by October 2009. Manikandan was hired as the film's DOP or cinematographer, however he walked out in May 2009 and was replaced by Santosh Sivan.
This film have numerous action scenes and stunts performed by the actors. The stunts are directed by Mani Ratnam and are choreographed by Peter Hein, who received Filmfare action award for the Hindi version of Ghajini and Anniyan. The Kerala martial art Kalarippayattu is also featured in the film. Dancer Astad Deboo choreographed a passionate chase scene and tandav dance between Abhishek and Aishwarya for the film. Indian fashion designer Sabyasachi Mukherjee designed Aishwarya Rai's costumes in the film.
Raavan has been shot in numerous locations around India including the forests of Karnataka (Tumkur), Kerala (Athirappilly Falls), Ooty, Dharmapuri (Hogenakkal Falls), Jhansi, Kolkata, Mahabaleshwar and in the Malshej Ghats in Maharashtra.
Among Indian film critics on the review-aggregation website ReviewGang, the film scored 4.5/10 based on 12 reviews. Baradwaj Rangan of The New Indian Express rated the film 4/5 and said "Raavan falls for Sita (and vice versa) in an intriguingly idiosyncratic take on the Ramayana - if you can get past the lead performances, that is" Rajeev Masand of IBN gave the film 1.5/5 and said, "Despite some eye-watering camerawork and a stunning action piece in the film's climax, the film -- especially its first half -- is a carelessly edited mess of long scenes that make little sense when strung together". Noyon Jyoti Parasara of AOL rated it 2.5/5 and stated " Raavan is more a choreographed musical-cum-psychological drama but without proper character backing. What makes the movie worth watching is the peaks in the second half, of course apart from the imagery." Taran Adarsh of Bollywood Hungama rated it 1.5/5 and said, "On the whole, Raavan is a king-sized disappointment, in terms of content". Sukanya Venkatraghavan of Filmfare rated the film 3/5 and said, "Raavan has its moments but it lacks depth. The first half is fairly riveting but the second half slowly slips into a coma". Nikhat Kazmi of Times of India rated it favourably at 3.5/5 saying, "There are enough punches in the second half to keep the momentum going, but by and large, the film scores mostly on art and aesthete". Raja Sen of Rediff rated it 2/5 and said, "Raavan truly and tragically fails us is in taking one of our greatest epics, and making it unforgivably boring". Parimal Rohit of Buzzine Bollywood said, "Raavan is ultimately a clever film, as it pushed the envelope on how one goes about defining who is good and who is evil."
Among US and UK film critics sampled on the Rotten Tomatoes aggregate site, Raavan rated 64%, with eleven reviews. Cath Clarke of The Guardian gave the film a rating of 2/5 and found it sexist, while New York Post critic Lou Lumenick wrote, "If you're not a fan of Bollywood movies – which have long resisted crossover attempts in this country despite the success of hybrids such as Slumdog Millionaire — Mani Ratnam's action melodrama Raavan probably isn't going to make a convert out of you." However, Frank Lovece of Film Journal International found it a "cracklingly stylish, suspenseful psychological drama" with "a visual sense that evokes David Fincher at his darkest", and admired the dance numbers, "one taking place somewhat naturalistically at a wedding, the other essentially a stunning war dance."
The New York Times and the Los Angeles Times likewise gave it positive reviews: Rachel Saltz of the former made it a Times "Critic's Pick" and lauded Ratnam as "a talented visual storyteller who directs action crisply and fills the screen with striking images" including "an eye-popping climactic battle", while Kevin Thomas of the latter said the film "is replete with dizzying camerawork, myriad complications, violent mayhem, broad humor, [the] usual musical interludes, a cliffhanging climactic confrontation and a finish that strikes a note of poignancy."
Raavan opened "below expectations" at the Indian box office, with the Hindi version earning Rs 60 million on its opening day. and 238.3 million through its first week. In North America, Raavan opened in 120 theaters and ranked No. 15 on the domestic weekend box office chart with $482,760. As of 24 June, it had collected $573,314 in this market. The film was declared a flop by Box Office India.
|Soundtrack album by A. R. Rahman|
|Released||24 April 2010|
|Recorded||Panchathan Record Inn
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
|Producer||A. R. Rahman|
|A. R. Rahman chronology|
The soundtrack for the film is composed by A. R. Rahman with lyrics penned by Gulzar. It features six songs and an additional song that was performed by Rahman at the audio launch. It was released on 24 April 2010 by T-Series.
As Raavan became a major anticipated project, following the success of Rahman's previous album, several false rumours about the soundtrack of the film were disseminated to websites and magazines. Many songs claimed to be songs from Raavan, like "Pairon Pe Jannat Hain", "Kaadhale" etc. and another set of fake tracklists were spread through internet. The audio release was scheduled on March 2010 but since the release date of the film was changed, the audio release was changed to April last week. The tracklist was officially published on 21 April and the music was launched officially on 24 April by Aishwarya Rai and Abhishek Bachchan. However, CDs were available in some stores on 23 April itself.
The soundtrack features 6 songs composed by A. R. Rahman with lyrics penned by Gulzar. During the audio release, an additional track was performed by Rahman, titled "Jaare Ud Jaare", which was not included in the CD. The song was cited to be an "instant composition" by Rahman, "The night before the launch, Rahman closeted himself in his Mumbai studio and worked through the night to compose the song", the source adds. This song is believed to be included in the later stages. The soundtrack also features three more additional songs that were featured in the movie. However the official tracklist have only 6 songs. The soundtrack is especially noted for the use of rich instruments, Indian as well as Middle Eastern. Several new singers are introduced through this film.
Official track listing
|1||"Beera Beera"||Vijay Prakash, Mustafa Kutoane||3:15||Additional vocals by Keerthi Sargathia, A. R. Rahman (uncredited)|
|2||"Behene De"||Karthik||6:04||Additional vocals by Mohammad Irfan Ali|
|3||"Thok De Killi"||Sukhwinder Singh, Am'nico||4:58|
|4||"Ranjha Ranjha"||Rekha Bhardwaj, Javed Ali||5:54||Additional vocals by Anuradha Sriram,
Lyrics of the opening lines is adapted from Sufi poet Bulleh Shah's "Ranjha Ranjha Kardi"
Another version by Ila Arun and Richa Sharma was featured in the movie
|5||"Khilli Re"||Reena Bhardwaj||4:11||Backing vocals by Dr. Narayanan, Naresh Iyer, M. Kuldeep, Shweta Mohan, Gopika Purnima, Subhiksha, Sri Madhumita|
|6||"Kata Kata"||Ila Arun, Sapna Awasthi, Kunal Ganjawala||5:11||Backing vocals by Suzanne D'Mello, Sujatha Majumdar, Nikitha Nigam, Dilshad Shaikh, R. N. Iyer, Arun Ingle, Chintamani Sohoni, Gowtham Bharadwaj|
|1||"Yudh Yudh Yudh"||Naresh Iyer, Rahul Nambiar, Dr. Narayan, Haricharan|
|2||"Jaare Ud Jaare"||A. R. Rahman, Jali Fily Cissokho|
|3||"Kora"||Jali Fily Cissokho|
|4||"Mayama (Bulgarian Vox)"||Tsvetanka Vanmezova|
|The Hindustan Times|||
The soundtrack for the movie has received positive reviews, with most reviewers hailing the album to be one of Rahman's best recent works. The Hindu said, "Raavan is further proof that A.R. Rahman always saves some of his best stuff for old friend Mani Ratnam. There's no escaping Raavan. Or Rahman. They will get you." According to The Times of India, Raavan is an interesting audio track, although Rahman's earlier associations with Mani Ratnam remain unforgettable. A review on Bollywood Hungama said, "There are number of gems in the album, most notably being "Ranjha Ranjha", "Beera Beera" and "Thok De Killi". Go for it, this one is not to be missed as it has Rahman coming up with one of his best soundtracks in recent times." A review by The Hindustan Times said, The trio (Rahman, Gulzar and Mani) has brought out a lethal combination presenting a soundtrack that is fresh, high on energy and in tune with the soul of the movie. Buzzine Bollywood said the soundtrack is one of the best of 2010 "due to its top-shelf talent" and "is a solid balance of powerfully rich instrumentals and beautifully soft melodies." PlanetBollywood.com said, "Raavan is a fascinating and diverse soundtrack that deserves repeated listening to be fully appreciated. Forget anything else this year, you owe it to yourself to discover the music on offer here. There is a lot of experimentation as heard in "Beera" and "Thok Di Killi". Also that experimentation extends to the singers- just check out the amazing talent and fresh faces on show here, most of whom we have never heard before! Elsewhere you will find other reasons to rejoice in the music ("Ranjha Ranjha" and "Behene De") and although arguably it never consistently reaches Rahman’s best (the music doesn't always have multiple layers to peel away), Raavan is still his most varied, folksy and interesting soundtrack in a long while. Mani Ratnam is surely happy and so should you be. A strong contender for soundtrack of the year!" According to Rediff's Sukanya Verma, "A. R. Rahman stays true to the element of Ratnam's vision as there's never any attempt to show off or introduce unnecessary elements. The outcome is exquisite. Or should I say expected." A review by NDTV said, "The album is a musical treat and impresses thoroughly. When Rahman teams up with Gulzar and Mani Ratnam, the result is pure magic.
Awards and nominations
- 6th Apsara Film & Television Producers Guild Awards
- Apsara Award for Best Cinematography - V. Manikandan (shared with Guzaarish)
- Apsara Award for Best Re-recording - Tapan Nayak
- Apsara Award for Best Visual Credits - Srinivas Karthik Kotamraju
- Apsara Award for Best cinematography - Santosh Sivan
- Apsara Award for Best Performance in a Supporting Role (Female) - Priya Mani
- Best Actor in a Negative Role - Abhishek Bachchan
- Raavan, Film Journal International Blue Sheets
- "Abhishek - 90 crore for three films means the Hindi Raavan sold at `30 crore. The business in Hindi was `38 crore. So from which angle was there a loss?". Film Journal International. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- "Raavan:Box Office 2010". Box Office India.
- "^ Raavan Telugu Version Cast & Crew". Ourcinemas.com. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- "Abhishek-Aishwarya to star in Mani Ratnam's next". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
- Pillai, Sreedhar (22 July 2008). "Money money Mani". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- "Ra.One to meet Raavan in London!". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- "Raavan: Review". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph India. 19 June 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "Raavan: Ramayana’s contemporary adaptation". Newzstreet. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "We were recording then Mani just walked out... into hospital". Mumbaimirror.com. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- "Raavan embarks for last schedule, gears up for Apr-May'10 release". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 21 August 2009.
- "Santosh Sivan joins team ‘Raavan’". Indiaglitz. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
- "Mani Ratnam shoots in Ooty!". Sify.com. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
- Menon, Priya M (13 December 2009). "Where the stars line up to learn Kalaripayattu". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
- Jha, Subhash K (27 July 2009). "Ash learns new steps!". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
- "From the street to the stage". Dnaindia.com. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
- "‘Khadi’s Refinement Lies In Its Humility’". Outlookindia.com. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
- "Ash, Abhishek to shoot in Kerala". Rediff. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
- "More problems for Mani Ratnam". Sify.com. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- "Raavan brings Sita to town - Ash-Abhi to shoot for Mani". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph Calcutta. 15 February 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2009.
- "Raavan Critic Rating". ReviewGang. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- Rangan, Baradwaj. "'Raavan' Review". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Masand, Rajeev. "'Raavan' is a bore of a film". IBN. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Parasara, Noyon Jyoti. "Raavan Review". AOL India. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- Adarsh, Taran. "Raavan: Movie Review". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Venkatraghavan, Sukanya. "Raavan review". Filmfare. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Kazmi, Nikhat (17 June 2010). "Raavan review". Times of India. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Sen, Raja. "Raavan is unforgivably boring". Rediff. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- "Raavan Film Review". Buzzine Bollywood. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- '"Raavan at Rotten Tomatoes
- Clarke, Cath (17 June 2010). "Film review: Raavan". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Lumenick, Lou (18 June 2010). "Bollywood to order, well-done with cheese". New York Post. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Lovece, Frank. "Film Review: Raavan, Film Journal International, 18 June 2010
- Saltz, Rachel. "An Indian Epic With Bollywood Glamour", The New York Times 18 June 2010
- Thomas, Kevin. "Capsule movie reviews: '"Raavan, Los Angeles Times, 18 June 2010
- Adesara, Hetel (19 June 2010). "Box Office: Raavan Opening Day Collections Below Expectation". Businessofcinema.com. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- "Raavan First Week Collections". Boxofficeindia.com. 26 June 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- Raavan at Box Office Mojo
- "Hits continue to evade Bollywood as Raavan flops". Rediff. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Maniratnam 'Ravana' Audio Release On March".
- "‘Raavan’- Audio in April. Movie in June — Tamil Movie News". IndiaGlitz. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- CT presents the list of movies that will rock screens in the coming weeks
- "Abhi, Aish release Ravan sound track".
- "Rahman’s midnight melody".
- Bollywood Hungama review
- Rediff review
- Planet Bollywood review
- Music Aloud review
- Glamsham review
- The Hindustan Times review
- Apunkachoice review
- IBN Live review
- Nikhat Kazmi (17 June 2010). "Raavan movie review: Wallpaper, Story, Trailer at Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- Music Review of Delhi 6 By Joginder Tuteja. Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 18 June 2010
- "Music Review: Raavan". Hindustan Times. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- Raavan Soundtrack review by Parimal M. Rohit. Buzzine Bollywood. Retrieved 15 June 2010
- "Music Review of Raavan By Atta Khan on Planet Bollywood". Planetbollywood.com. 23 April 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- Sukanya Verma (26 April 2010). "Raavan's music is exquisite". Rediff. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Music Review: Raavan". Movies.ndtv.com. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- "Winners of 6th Apsara Film & Television Producers Guild Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- "Nominations for 6th Apsara Film & Television Producers Guild Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- "Nominations for Zee Cine Awards 2011". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- Official trailers
- Raavan at the Internet Movie Database
- Raavan at Rotten Tomatoes
- Raavan at Box Office Mojo
- Raavan at AllMovie
- Raavan at Bollywood Hungama