Rabun Gap-Nacoochee School
|Rabun Gap-Nacoochee School|
|Motto||Work, Study, Worship|
|Headmaster||Dr. Anthony Sgro|
|Founder||Andrew Jackson Ritchie|
|Location||339 Nacoochee Dr.,
Rabun Gap, GA, United States
|Colors||Green and Gold|
|Mascot||Eagles (formerly Indians)|
|Newspaper||Mirror Images and Inside the Gap|
Rabun Gap–Nacoochee School (informally known as Ryburn Gap) is a small, private college preparatory school located in Rabun County, Georgia in the Appalachian Mountains. It is both a boarding and a day school. It is notable for initiating the Foxfire magazine project in 1966, experiential education based on interviewing local people, and writing and publishing articles about their stories and oral traditions. This inspired numerous schools across the country to develop similar programs. In addition to its strong academic program, today it is one of the few schools in the country to include a cirque skills program in its curriculum. The students put on an annual performance.
Rabun Gap-Nacoochee School is one of the largest coeducational, college-preparatory boarding schools in the Deep South, serving boarding and day students in grades 5-12. Located in Rabun Gap, the 1,400-acre (5.7 km2) campus is cradled in the mountains of northeast Georgia. The school combines a strong academic program, mountain setting, and Presbyterian heritage to nurture and challenge students of diverse backgrounds as they prepare for college and a lifetime of service.
Andrew Jackson Ritchie, a Rabun County native, and his wife, Addie Corn Ritchie, founded the Rabun Gap Industrial School in 1903 to serve the children of the isolated and poverty-stricken community Rabun Gap. With $1 and a personal note, Ritchie bought a 5-acre (20,000 m2) hilltop for the school. Construction began on the two-story main building, designed by Atlanta architect Haralson Bleckley (son of Rabun County native Logan Bleckley), with pledges of cash support and manual labor. The school was open to both boys and girls.
Donations to the school declined during the World War I (1917–18) period, but Ritchie traveled to Boston, Massachusetts, and New York City to solicit funding. He had a unique plan for expansion and development called the Farm Family Settlement Program. Whole families would live at Rabun Gap, with the men learning agriculture, the women studying homemaking and health care, and the children continuing with regular studies. The Carnegie Foundation, the John D. Rockefeller family, and other northern philanthropists provided generous support for his idea. However, it was Ernest Woodruff, of the Coca-Cola Company and Trust Company of Georgia, who proved to be the bedrock supporter of Rabun Gap. According to school legend, Ritchie went door to door in Atlanta's Inman Park neighborhood asking for donations; at the Woodruff home, Emily Winship, Woodruff's wife, contributed money from her household fund and urged her husband to help. (Over time, several members of the Woodruff family, as well as the Robert W. Woodruff Foundation, have made donations to the school.) With additional support from the United Daughters of the Confederacy, the school expanded with more acreage and the construction of farmhouses and barns. The farm family program remained successful until the 1970s, when textile manufacturing became key in Rabun County.
After a 1926 stove fire destroyed the school, Rabun Gap merged in 1927 with the Nacoochee Institute, founded in 1903 and formerly located in Sautee, Georgia. Headed by the Reverend John Knox Coit, the Nacoochee Institute was a boarding school for boys and girls as well as a public school for the students of White County. Six weeks after Rabun Gap's fire, the schoolhouse of the Nacoochee Institute burned as well. In September 1928 the Rabun Gap–Nacoochee School opened at Rabun Gap with a new school building. Ritchie served as president and Coit as co-president.
In 1927 the new school established a covenant with the Presbyterian Church (later PCUSA), a relationship that still exists. In 1934 Ritchie and members of the board of trustees added two years of junior college to the Rabun Gap curriculum. Training teachers for the county was a main goal, and courses were patterned after those offered at the University of Georgia. World War II (1941–45) brought an end to the junior college program, as the war siphoned off enrollment.
The end of the 1930s brought numerous changes in leadership for Rabun Gap–Nacoochee School. Following the retirement of Ritchie and Coit, George Bellingrath served as president from 1939 to 1948. O. C. Skinner, former industrial manager of the Berry School in Rome, Georgia (founded by educator Martha Berry), was president from 1949 to 1956. Several buildings were added during Skinner's tenure, including the Addie Corn Ritchie Dining Hall, the Emily and Ernest Woodruff Chapel wing to Hodgson Hall, the Annie Lee Jones Library wing of Hodgson Hall, and the Arthur W. Smith Industrial Shop. From 1956 to 1984 Karl K. Anderson served as president. Under his leadership the Andrew Jackson Ritchie Gymnasium, the O. C. Skinner Natatorium, and four dormitory residence halls named for George Woodruff (son of Ernest), Irene Woodruff (wife of George), Ernest Woodruff, and Karl Anderson were built. Financial support also came from the Rabun Gap–Nacoochee guilds of Athens and Atlanta, the Rabun Gap–Nacoochee Club of Atlanta, and the Presbyterian Church.
In 1966 students in the English class started writing and publishing Foxfire, a quarterly magazine with their articles based on their interviews with local residents about Appalachian culture. It was a project initiated by the teacher Eliot Wigginton to engage students in learning to use proper English. It gained national attention after a collection of articles was published in book form in 1972 and became a surprise bestseller. The magazine and book (followed by more) aroused people's interest in traditional crafts and skills at a time when some people were trying to live more simply.
Having partly functioned as a public school for students in the north end of Rabun County, Rabun Gap–Nacoochee School became fully private in the fall of 1977, as Rabun County consolidated its public high schools. Struggling financially with the loss of public monies, the school suffered from less stable enrollment and the need to reconnect with its core strengths from the past. Anderson retired as president in 1984, and his successors were the Reverend Bruce Dodd (1984–92), Robert Johnston (1992–96), and Gregory Zeigler (1996–2004). They moved to create a college-preparatory curriculum and enforce more rigorous admissions standards. A building program, funded in part by a bequest of George Woodruff, resulted in the Morris Brown Science Building, the Arts and Technology Building, a new library, and athletic fields. From 2004 until 2011, John Marshall was the head of Rabun Gap–Nacoochee School. The school gained ground in a host of important areas, including enrollment, student support services, competitive athletics, alumni relations, board development, annual giving growth, and facilities and grounds upkeep.
Dr. Anthony H. Sgro became the tenth Head of School for Rabun Gap in 2011. Dr. Sgro came to Rabun Gap from Woodberry Forest School in Virginia where he served as Assistant Head and Dean of Students. With over twelve years of experience at this leading boys’ boarding school, Dr. Sgro has wide-ranging experiences in residential life including serving as a dorm parent and in external relations including admissions, marketing, and development.
The Rabun Gap motto of Work Study Worship is still dominant. Today, a small number of college-bound students are the first generation in their families to attend college. Over 70% of the students receive some form of financial aid. Enrollment averages at 350 with half boarding and half day students. The school continues its historic commitment to financial aid, allocating over $3.5 million annually through the advent of Georgia's tax credit program coupled with the generosity of the school's constituencies and endowment interest.
Rabun Gap is one of few schools in the United States that offer a cirque program as part of the curriculum. They have an impressive array of apparatuses, including trapeze, German wheel, aerial silks, Aerial Hoop, Spanish web, triple trapeze, aerial cube, and many more. Each spring, the school puts on a cirque performance and packs the Rearden Theater for four sold-out performances. The School also has a climbing wall for competition and to build rock climbing skills and a private lake (Indian Lake) for water activities.
Ongoing events at Rabun Gap include MAD Fest and annual sporting events. Rabun Gap has seven dorms: 1 middle school and junior girls dorm, 1 exclusive senior dorm, 3 high school boys dorms (one of which is shared with middle school boys), 1 freshman girls dorm, and 1 sophomore-junior girls dorm.
- Rabun Gap – Nacoochee School: Our Mission, Our Heritage, 1903-2003 (Rabun Gap, Ga.: privately printed, 2002).
- Andrew Jackson Ritchie, Sketches of Rabun County History, 1819-1948 (n.p., 1948).
- Frances Patton Statham, Mountain Legacy: A Story of Rabun Gap–Nacoochee School with Emphasis on the Junior College Years (Atlanta: Cherokee, 1999).
- Patsy Wilson, A Time to Sow: RG-NS, a Planting for the Lord: A 75-Year History of Rabun Gap – Nacoochee School (Rabun Gap, Ga.: privately printed, 1978).
- The New Georgia Encyclopedia grants permission, under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike license, for the use of our article "Rabun Gap-Nacoochee School" in Wikipedia.
- "Rabun Gap-Nacoochee School", New Georgia Encyclopedia, accessed 12 Nov 2010
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