Race is one of the correlates of crime receiving attention in academic studies, government surveys, media coverage, and public concern. Because of the inconsistent definition of "race" across countries, it is difficult to compare the situation internationally. Race being a complex superposition of societal and biological factors, a given correlation of race and crime can not immediately be correlated to either environmental or genetic factors, leaving wide room for interpretation and both scholarly and political controversy.
In the United Kingdom, under the Criminal Justice Act 1991, section 95, the government collects annual statistics based on race and crime.[n 1]