Racing Club de Avellaneda
|Full name||Racing Club|
|Nickname(s)||La Academia (The Academy)|
|Founded||25 March 1903|
|Ground||Estadio Juan Domingo Perón,
Avellaneda, Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina
|President||Víctor Blanco (interim)|
|2014 Transición||1st (Champion)|
|Website||Club home page|
Racing Club is an Argentine professional sports club based in Avellaneda, a city of Greater Buenos Aires. Founded in 1903, Racing has been historically considered one of the "big five" clubs of Argentine football. Racing currently plays in the Primera División, the top division of the Argentine league system.
Racing has won the Primera División 17 times (with a record 7 consecutive championships between 1913 and 1919), apart from winning several National cups such as five Copa Ibarguren, four Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires and one Copa Beccar Varela. Due to those achievements the team was nicknamed "La Academia" ("The Academy of Football") which still identifies the club and its supporters.
On the international stage, the club won in 1967 both the Copa Libertadores, the first edition of the Supercopa Sudamericana in 1988 and the Intercontinental Cup, therefore being the second Argentine team to become South American champion, and the first to become club world champion. In addition, Racing also won two Copa Aldao and one Copa de Honor Cousenier, both tournaments organized by AFA and AUF together.
The first team plays its home games in the Estadio Presidente Juan Domingo Perón, nicknamed El Cilindro de Avellaneda (in English: "The Cylinder of Avellaneda"). Apart from football, other sports practised at Racing are artistic gymnastics, basketball, boxing, field hockey, handball, martial arts, roller skating, tennis and volleyball.
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Players
- 4 Kit evolution
- 5 Honours
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
On 12 May 1901, a group of students of Colegio Nacional Central founded the Football Club Barracas al Sud, Pedro Werner becoming its first president. Less than one year after the establishment, an internal conflict about what color of jersey should be adopted caused a group of members to found Colorados Unidos, due to wanting to use a red jersey uniform. This division did not last too long so on March 1903 both clubs agreed to merge into a new club under the same name.
The first uniform worn by Racing was completely white, until on 25 July 1904 it was decided to use a yellow and black vertical striped jersey. Nevertheless the New Jersey only lasted a week, being replaced by a design proposed by president Luis Carbone. The jersey had four squares, two lightblue and two pink.
This lightblue and pink design would be worn until 1910, when one of Racing founding members, Germán Vidaillac, displayed a French sports magazine where a team named "Racing Paris" was portraited. The suggestion was well received and the name "Racing Club" was immediately approved. Unlike its French homonym, Racing Club would not adopt the light blue and white colors from its French homonym until 1910, in commemoration of the May Revolution 100th anniversary due to being the first football team formed by criollos.
The first years in football
One year later Racing played another playoff for a place at Primera División, but lost to Gimnasia y Esgrima de Buenos Aires. The team finally would promoted to Primera in 1910, winning the final over Boca Juniors with an attendance of 4,000. The line-up that won the promotion was: Fernández; Seminario, Allan; Winne, Juan Ohaco, Angel Betular; Oyarzábal, Ohaco, Firpo, Frers and Juan Perinetti. Frers and Ohaco were the scorers for Racing. That same year the squad also changed its colors to the definitive light blue and white that have remained since.
The first game in Primera was played on 7 May 1911 against San Isidro, which ended 1–1. The first goal in Primera was scored by Carlos Scarone. The first victory of Racing was on 18 June 1911, a 2–1 over Quilmes. That season Racing also achieved a great victory over legendary team Alumni by 3–1 although the team from Belgrano would later defeat Racing by 5–1 two months later. That was the last time both teams played against because Alumni dissolved at the end of the championship.
Racing won its first title in 1913, defeating San Isidro at the final in a playoff series after finishing at the first place along with that team and River Plate. Racing first eliminated River by 3–0 and then played the final against San Isidro, which it defeated by 2–0 (two goals by Ohaco). Some of the most notable players were Ohaco, Marcovecchio, Perinetti and Ochoa. In 1914 Racing won its second title, having scored 42 goals and only 7 received in 12 games. The runner-up was Estudiantes de Buenos Aires.
In 1915 Racing won its 3rd consecutive title, defeating San Isidro 1–0 at a championship playoff as they had played two years before. The game was played at arch-rival Independiente stadium and Racing line-up was: Arduino; Presta, Reyes; Betular, Olazar, Pepe; Canavery, Ohaco, Marcovecchio (who scored the only goal), Hospital, Juan Perinetti. Racing also achieved an outstanding record of 95 goals scored with only 5 received in 24 matches played.
Racing won the following title, the 1916 championship, totalizing 34 points in 21 games with 39 goals converted and 10 received at the end of the tournament. Platense was the runner-up with 30 points. The 5th consecutive title was in 1917 where Racing totalized 35 points, being River Plate the runner-up with 30 points. The team scored the mark of 58 goals with only 4 received in 20 fixtures. The 6th. title found Racing unbeaten after 19 games played, with 49 goals scored and 9 received.
By 1919 Racing moved to dissident league "Asociación Amateurs de Football", where the team won the tournament unbeaten again. Racing only disputed 23 fixtures, winning its 7th. consecutive title with 26 points, 43 goals scored and 10 received. The runner-up was Vélez Sarsfield which totalized 20 points. River Plate finished the extraordinary sequence of Racing's 7 titles, when winning the 1920 championship. Racing was the runner-up only 2 points to River. Racing remained in the Asociación Amateurs league, where the team won the 1921 title, disputing 38 matches and totalizing 66 points. Racing also scored 73 goals receiving 16.
The last title won by Racing during the amateur era was in 1925, with 39 points in 24 fixtures played. San Lorenzo was the runner-up. During its first 22 years of existence, Racing won 9 Primera División championships (seven of them consecutively, which is still a record in Argentine football). Due to those extraordinary campaigns and its style of playing, the squad was nicknamed "The Academy of Argentine football", which has been adopted by its supporters as a mark of identity, still used nowadays.
Apart from Primera División titles, Racing also won the Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires 4 times (1912, 1913, 1915 and 1917), the Copa Ibarguren 5 times (1913, 1914, 1916, 1917 and 1918). The international titles came with Copa de Honor Cousenier in 1913 and Copa Aldao in 1917 and 1918. Some of the most notable players of the amateur era were Alberto Ohaco, Alberto Marcovecchio, Pedro Ochoa (known as "The King of dribbling" -"El Rey de la gambeta" in Spanish and a very close friend to Carlos Gardel who wrote the tango "Patadura" honoring Ochoa in 1928) and Natalio Perinetti.
During those years Racing won the Copa Beccar Varela in 1932 (defeating Boca Juniors in the final) and the Copa de Competencia (LAF) one year later, thrashing San Lorenzo de Almagro by 4-0 in the final match. Despite the national cups won, Racing could not win any domestic championship during that period; its best performances were third places in 1932, 1933 and 1936. Evaristo Barrera was the top scorer with 34 goals in 1934 and 32 in 1936.
Some remarkable players of the time were Fernando Paternoster, Enrique Chueco García, Vicente Zito, and Barrera himself.
Racing would not win any domestic title during the 1940s; its best finish was a 5th place in 1940 and 4th places in 1946 and 1948. During the 1948 tournament Racing was leading followed by Independiente and River Plate until a strike took place. Most of the dissident players went to play outside Argentina and they had to be replaced by players from the youth divisions. Moreover, points awarded to Racing were deducted from the matches against Banfield and San Lorenzo; as a result, Racing lost the chance to be champion and arch-rival Independiente finally won the title.
In 1945 Racing won the Copa de Competencia Británica defeating Boca Juniors by 4–1 in the final. Some remarkable players for Racing were José Salomón, Chilean Sergio Livingstone and Paraguayan striker Delfín Benítez Cáceres.
In 1949, Racing won its first Primera División championship in the professional era, with Llamil Simes as the top scorer of the tournament. Racing also won the 1950 title with Simes as scorer again with 20 goals. That same year Racing inaugurated its stadium, named "Presidente Perón", defeating Vélez Sarsfield 1–0
In 1951 Racing won its third consecutive title, playing two playoff matches against Banfield, which ended 0–0 and 1–0 (goal by Mario Boyé). With this victory Racing became the second three-time champion in the professional era of Argentine football. River Plate was the first three-time champion in 1936–1937. The coach was Guillermo Stábile.
In 1952 Racing finished 2nd after River Plate. The team was not able to win the title despite having the least goals scored against it during the championship. After another good performance in 1953 when the team finished 3rd, Racing placed 10th in 1954, far from champion Boca Juniors.
In 1955 a sort of amnesty allowed dissident players to return to Argentine football to play for any team. Racing won its 13th title in 1958, being coached by José Della Torre. In 1959 the team finished 2nd.
During those years Racing Club had many notable players that made their contribution to the successful campaigns. Some of them were Norberto Mendez, Rubén Bravo, Llamil Simes, Mario Boyé, Alberto Rastelli, Pedro Dellacha, Ezra Sued, Manuel Blanco, Ernesto Gutiérrez, Pedro Manfredini, Arnaldo Balay, Juan José Pizzuti, Rubén Héctor Sosa and Omar Oreste Corbatta.
In 1961 Racing won another championship totalizing 47 points when coached by Saúl Ongaro. The team was also the highest scoring team with 68 goals. The next year, Racing finished 9th and was also eliminated from the Copa Libertadores de América in the first stage.
In 1964 Santiago Sacol became President of the institution. Racing won a new title in 1966 totalizing 61 points and being the highest scorer team with 70 goals. Racing also received the least goals with only 24. Moreover, the team also remained 39 matches undefeated, a record by then although Boca Juniors later would break that mark. Racing was coached by Juan José Pizzuti.
In the 1967 Torneo Metropolitano Racing reached the final where the squad lost to Estudiantes de La Plata by 3–0. That same year Racing won the 1967 Copa Libertadores after beating Uruguayan team Nacional 2–1 in the final. Norberto Raffo was the top scorer with 13 goals.
At the end of the year Racing won the Intercontinental Cup defeating Celtic Glasgow in a playoff game. The first match had been played at Glasgow where Racing was beaten 1–0 while La Academia won by 2–1 the second game in Buenos Aires. The playoff was played in Montevideo where Racing achieved its second continental championship winning 1–0 with a goal scored by Juan Carlos Cárdenas.
Some notable players of that time were goalkeeper Agustín Mario Cejas, Rubén Sosa, Roberto Perfumo, Alfio Basile, Norberto Raffo, Rubén Díaz, Nelson Chabay, Jaime Martinoli, Juan Carlos Cárdenas, Juan Carlos Rulli, Juan José Rodríguez, Humberto Maschio, Federico Sacchi and Oreste Corbatta.
During the 1970s Racing did not win any title, although the team finished 2nd to San Lorenzo in the 1972 Metropolitano, with 43 points in 34 matches. That year was the debut of Ubaldo Fillol, who some regard as the best Argentine goalkeeper ever. Fillol set a record of 6 penalty shots stopped in the same season. From 1974 and 1978 Racing made poor campaigns and was near relegation in 1976 when the team finished next to last (San Telmo was finally relegated).
In 1981 the stadium was closed due to its poor condition. Two years later, Racing was relegated to the Primera B. The first year in the second division, Racing finished second to champion Deportivo Español so the team had to play a promotion playoff, where Racing eliminated Deportivo Morón and Lanús but lost to Gimnasia y Esgrima (LP) in the finals (1–3 and 2–4).
One year later, after two seasons in the second division, Racing returned to the top division in 1985 after winning a playoff for the second promotion place against Atlanta; Racing won 4–0 the first game and the second match finished 1–1.
Return to international success
Racing won its third international competition in 1988, when the team won the first edition of the 1988 Supercopa Sudamericana, defeating Brazilian team Cruzeiro in the finals, with Alfio Basile still as coach. That same year Racing won the Supercopa Interamericana beating Sportivo Herediano from Costa Rica 3–0.
Racing also played another Supercopa final and was defeated by Cruzeiro 4–0 in Belo Horizonte. Racing won the 2nd match 1–0 but the cup was awarded to the Brazilian team by goal difference.
Bankruptcy and resurrection
Racing faced financial problems that erupted in 1998, when the club declared bankruptcy pursuant to the request of president Daniel Lalín. In 2000, Racing switched management to the Blanquiceleste S.A corporation. Despite the financial crisis that ruined the club, Racing won the 2001 Apertura title, 35 years after its last local championship in 1966. The team was coached by Reinaldo Merlo who became an idol due to this achievement. Maximiliano Estévez, Gabriel Loeschbor, Claudio Ubeda, Adrián Bastía, Francisco Maciel and Diego Milito were part of that team.
On June 2014, Diego Cocca was hired as head coach. Few days after Cocca signed his contract, former player and fans favorite Diego Milito left Inter Milan and returned to the club to play the 2014 Torneo de Transición.
On December 2014, Racing won its Primera División 17th. title in the last fixture of the tournament. The team defeated Godoy Cruz by 1-0 to secure the 1st place and crowned champion. Racing totalized 41 points over 19 games played, with 13 won, 3 drew and 4 lost. Racing scored 30 goals and conceded 16. Forward Gustavo Bou was also the team's topscorer with 10 goals. The line-up for that match was: Saja; Pillud, Lollo, Cabral, Grimi; G. Díaz, Videla, Aued, Centurión; Diego Milito, Bou.
Racing Club plays its home games at "Estadio Presidente Perón" (named in honor of former President of Argentina Juan Domingo Perón), popularly known as "El Cilindro de Avellaneda" due to its cylindrical shape. It was opened in 1950 and restructured in 1997.
The field measures 105 x 70 m. The Racing stadium is the second largest in Argentina after the River Plate stadium. At first the venue could host a capacity of 120,000 but subsequent restructurings reduced its capacity to 64,161.
Manager: Diego Cocca
1 There are no records about amateur years (1903–30) so this rank only consists of records from 1931 to date.
Topscorers by season
|Delfín Benítez Cáceres||1940||33|
|Juan José Pizzuti||1953||22|
|Walter Machado da Silva||1969 Metropolitano||14|
|Lisandro López||2004 Apertura||12|
|Teófilo Gutiérrez||2011 Clausura||11|
Notable former players
Alberto Ohaco, the all-time topscorer.
Pedro Ochoa, also known as "the king of the dribbing".
Natalio Perinetti was a notably skilled right-winger.
Norberto Méndez won 3 titles in 8 years with Racing.
Pedro Dellacha was an acclaimed centre-back.
Humberto Maschio made a successful campaign in Italy also.
Juan José Pizzuti, player and coach during the international success.
Alfio Basile, 3 titles as player and 4 runs as coach.
Oreste Corbatta is considered the best right-winger ever.
Roberto Perfumo played 9 years for Racing winning 3 titles.
Agustín Cejas made the most appearances with 334 matches.
Coaches since 2000
(1) This model was worn again in 1973, although just for one match.
(2) A new version of this model was the away jersey in the 2005–06 season, paying tribute to the historic kit.
- Primera División (17): 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1921, 1925, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1958, 1961, 1966, 2001 Apertura, 2014 Transición 
- Copa Ibarguren (5): 1913, 1914, 1916, 1917, 1918
- Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires (4): 1912, 1913, 1915, 1917
- Copa de Honor Adrián Beccar Varela (1): 1932 
- Copa de Competencia (LAF) (1): 1933 
- Copa de Competencia Británica George VI (1): 1945 
- Intercontinental Cup (1): 1967
- Copa Libertadores (1): 1967
- Supercopa Sudamericana (1): 1988
- Supercopa Interamericana[a] (1): 1988 
- Los apodos de los clubes en Fútbol de Argentina, 21 September 2008
- Racing titles at official website
- "Polideportivo" at official website
- Argentina 1911 at RSSSF
- Argentina 1915 at RSSSF
- Argentina 1919 at RSSSF
- Argentina 1976 at RSSSF
- Historia de Racing at official website
- "Diego Cocca es el nuevo entrenador de Racing", La Voz, 15 Jun 2014
- "Milito arregló con Racing, firmó y en su presentación reconoció: "Desde que me fui, supe que iba a volver", Infobae, 17 Jun 2014
- "Racing es campeón del fútbol argentino después de 13 años" on CanchaLlena.com, 14 Dec 2014
- "Racing campeón: brilla blanca y celeste" on Olé, 14 Dec 2014
- "Tras 13 años, Racing se desahogó con un campeonato histórico", Perfil.com, 14 Dec 2014
- "Primera División Torneo 2014" on Ole, 15 Dec 2014
- Racing-Godoy Cruz match details, 14 Dec 2014
- "Estadio Presidente Perón". Soccerway. Global Sports Media. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- Características del estadio at Club's official website.
- "More games played" at Claudio Ubeda webpage
- Copa Beccar Varela at RSSSF
- 1933 Copa de Competencia at RSSSF
- Copa de Competencia Británica at RSSSF
- "¿La Conmebol reconocerá las copas internacionales de América de Quito (1971) y Racing de Avellaneda (1988)?" on PasionLibertadores website, 9 Jan 2014
- Torneos on CONMEBOL website, retrieved 11 Dec 2014
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