AMD Radeon Rx 200 Series

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This article is about the GPU series announced in 2013. For the similarly named series, released in 2001 by ATI, see R200.
AMD Radeon R9/R7/R5 200 Series
AMD Radeon graphics logo
Release date

Announced: September 25, 2013

Released: Oct 8, 2013
Codename Southern Islands
Sea Islands
Volcanic Islands
Cards
Entry-level Radeon R5 210
Radeon R5 220
Radeon R5 230
Radeon R5 235
Radeon R5 235X
Mid-range Radeon R7 240
Radeon R7 250
Radeon R7 250X
Radeon R7 260
Radeon R7 260X
Radeon R7 265
High-end Radeon R9 270
Radeon R9 270X
Radeon R9 280
Radeon R9 280X
Radeon R9 285
Enthusiast Radeon R9 290
Radeon R9 290X
Radeon R9 295X2
Rendering support
Direct3D Direct3D 11.2
Shader Model 5.0 Mantle
OpenCL OpenCL 1.2
OpenGL OpenGL 4.4[1]
History
Predecessor Radeon HD 7000 Series
Radeon HD 8000 Series
Successor AMD Radeon Rx 300 Series[2][3]

The Rx 200 series is a family of GPUs developed by AMD. A "preview" was seen on September 25, 2013.[2][4][5] These GPUs are manufactured on a 28 nm Gate-Last process through TSMC or Common Platform Alliance.[6]

Release[edit]

The Rx 200 series was announced on September 25, 2013, at the AMD GPU14 Tech Day event.[7] Non-disclosure agreements were lifted on October 15, except for the R9 290X, and pre-orders opened on October 3.[8]

Architecture[edit]

This article is about all products under the AMD Radeon Rx 200 Series brand.

  • A GPU implementing Graphics Core Next 1.2 is found on the R9 285 (Tonga Pro) branded products.
  • A GPU implementing Graphics Core Next 1.1 is found on R7 260 (Bonaire), R7 260X (Bonaire XTX), R9 290 (Hawaii Pro), R9 290X (Hawaii XT), and R9 295X2 (Vesuvius) branded products.
  • A GPU implementing Graphics Core Next 1.0 is found on R9 280 and 280X, R7 240, 250, 250X, 265, 270, 270X, and R5 240 branded products.
  • A GPU implementing TeraScale 2 "Evergreen" (VLIW5) is found on R5 235X and "below" branded products.

Multi-monitor support[edit]

Main article: AMD Eyefinity

The AMD Eyefinity-branded on-die display controllers were introduced in September 2009 in the Radeon HD 5000 Series and have been present in all products since.[9]

AMD TrueAudio[edit]

Main article: AMD TrueAudio

AMD TrueAudio was introduced with the AMD Radeon Rx 200 Series, but can only be found on the dies of GCN 1.1 products.

Video acceleration[edit]

AMD's SIP core for video acceleration, Unified Video Decoder and Video Codec Engine, are found on all GPUs and supported by AMD Catalyst and by the free and open-source graphics device driver#ATI/AMD.

Use in cryptocurrency mining[edit]

Current Radeon GPUs perform better in cryptocurrency mining than their Nvidia GeForce counterparts. This led to limited supply and huge price increases in Q4 of 2013 and Q1 of 2014.[10][11] Since Q2 of 2014 availability of AMD GPUs as well as pricing has, in most cases, returned to normal.

Desktop products[edit]

Main article: Rx 200 Series

Radeon R9 295X2[edit]

The Radeon R9 295X2 was released on April 21, 2014. It is a dual GPU card. It will be shipped in a metal case. It is the first reference card to utilize a closed looped liquid cooler.[12][13] The performance of the card is expected to be the fastest consumer-oriented card in the world.

Radeon R9 290[edit]

The Radeon R9 290 and R9 290X were announced on September 25, 2013.[14][15] The R9 290 is based on AMD's Hawaii Pro chip and R9 290X on Hawaii XT. R9 290 and R9 290X will support AMD's TrueAudio, Mantle, Direct3D 11.2, and bridge-free Crossfire technology using XDMA. A limited "Battlefield 4 Edition" pre-order bundle of R9 290X that includes Battlefield 4 was available on October 3, 2013, with reported quantity being 8,000. The R9 290X features 2816 Stream Processors, 176 TMUs, 64 ROPs, 512-bit wide buses, 44 CUs (compute units) and 8 ACE units. The R9 290X had a launch price of $549. The R9 290 had a launch price of $399.

Radeon R9 285[edit]

The Radeon R9 285 was announced on August 23, 2014 at AMD's 30 years of graphics celebration and released September 2, 2014. It was the first card to feature AMD's GCN 1.2 microarchitecture, in the form of a Tonga-series GPU.

Radeon R9 280X[edit]

Radeon R9 280X was announced on September 25, 2013. With a launch price of $299, it is based on the Tahiti XTL chip, being a slightly upgraded, rebranded Radeon HD 7970 GHz Edition. Radeon R9 280 was announced on March 4, 2014. With a launch MSRP set at $275, it is based on a rebranded Radeon HD 7950 with an increased clock speed, from 925Mhz to 938Mhz.[16]

Radeon R9 270[edit]

Radeon R9 270X was announced on September 25, 2013. With a launch price of $199, it is based on the Curaçao XT chip, which was formerly called Pitcairn.[17] It is speculated to be faster than a Radeon HD 7870 GHz edition. Radeon R9 270 has a launch price of $179.

Radeon R7 265[edit]

Radeon R7 265 was announced on February 13, 2014. With a launch price of $149, it is based on 28 nm Curaçao chip and features 1024 stream processors, 64 TMUs, 32 ROPs coupled with 2GB of GDDR5 memory on a 256-bit memory bus. It is a faster clocked version of the Radeon HD 7850.

Radeon R7 260X[edit]

Radeon R7 260X was announced on September 25, 2013. With a launch price of $139, it is based on the Bonaire XTX chip, a faster iteration of Bonaire XT that the Radeon HD 7790 is based on. It will have 2 GB of GDDR5 memory as standard and will also feature TrueAudio, on-chip audio DSP based on Tensilica HiFi EP architecture. The stock card features a boost clock of 1100Mhz. It has 2 Gbs of GDDR5 memory with a 6.5Ghz memory clock over a 128-bit Interface. The 260X will draw around 115W in typical use.[18][19]

Radeon R7 250[edit]

Radeon R7 250 was announced on September 25, 2013. It has a launch price of $89.[18] The card is based on the Oland core with 384 GCN cores. In February 10, 2014 AMD announced the R7 250X which is based on the Cape Verde GPU with 640 GCN cores and an MSRP of $99.[20]

Mobile products[edit]


Chipset table[edit]

1 Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units
2 Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of ROPs multiplied by the base core clock speed.
3 Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of TMUs multiplied by the base core clock speed.
4 Single precision performance is calculated as two times the number of shaders multiplied by the base core clock speed.
5 Double precision performance of Hawaii is 1/8 of single precision performance,[21] Tahiti is 1/4 of single precision performance, others 28 nm chip is 1/16 of single precision performance.
6 Base clock of R9 290 and R9 290X will maintain at 947 MHz and 1000 MHz before reaching 95°C, respectively.[22]
7 The R9 285 utilizes loss-less colour compression which can increase effective memory bandwidth (relative to GCN 1.0 and 1.1 cards) in certain situations.[23][24]

Model Launch Codename Architecture Fab (nm) Transistors (Million) Die Size (mm2) Bus interface Memory (MiB) Clock rate Config core1 Fillrate Memory Processing Power
GFLOPS
TDP (W) GFLOPS/W Single Precision API support (version) TrueAudio Release Price (USD)
Core (MHz) Boost (MHz) Memory (MHz) Pixel (GP/s)2 Texture (GT/s)3 Bus width (bit) Bus type Bandwidth (GB/s) Single Precision4 Double Precision5 Idle Max. DirectX OpenGL OpenCL Mantle
Radeon R5 210 Unknown Cedar Terascale 2 40 292 59 PCIe 2.0 ×16 256 400 Unknown 450 (Effective 900) 80:8:4 1.6 3.2 64 DDR3 7.2 64 No Unknown 19 3.4 11.0 4.4 1.2 No No Unknown
Radeon R5 220 Unknown Caicos PRO-L Terascale 2 40 370 67 PCIe 2.0 ×16 1024 625 650 533 (Effective 1066) 160:8:4 2.5 5 64 DDR3 8.53 200 No Unknown 18 11.1 11.0[25] 3.2[25] 1.2 No No Unknown
Radeon R5 230 Apr 3, 2014[26] Caicos Terascale 2 40 370 67 PCIe 2.0 ×16 1024
2048
625[27] N/A 533 (Effective 1066) 160:8:4 2.5 5 64 DDR3 8.53 200 No Unknown 19[28] 8 11.0[29] 4.1[29] 1.2 No No Unknown
Radeon R5 235 Unknown Caicos XT Terascale 2 40 370 67 PCIe 2.0 ×16 1024 775 Unknown 900 (Effective 1800) 160:8:4 3.1 6.2 64 DDR3 14.4 248 No Unknown 35 7.1 11.0[25] 4.1[25] 1.2 No No Unknown
Radeon R5 235X Unknown Caicos XT Terascale 2 40 370 67 PCIe 2.1 ×16 1024 875 Unknown 900 (Effective 1800) 160:8:4 3.5 7.0 64 DDR3 14.4 280 No Unknown 18 15.6 11.0[25] 4.1[25] 1.2 No No Unknown
Radeon R5 240 Unknown Oland GCN 1.0 28 1040 90 PCIe 3.0 ×16 2048 730 780 900 (Effective 1800) 320:20:8 5.84 14.6 128 DDR3
GDDR5
22.8
57.6
467.2 Unknown Unknown 50 9.3 11.2[25] 4.3[25] 1.2 Yes No Unknown
Radeon R7 240 Oct 8, 2013 Oland PRO GCN 1.0 28 1040 90 PCIe 3.0 ×16 2048 730 780 900 (Effective 1800)
1125 (Effective 4500)
320:20:8 5.84 14.6 128 DDR3
GDDR5
28.8
72
467.2
499.2
29.2 Unknown 30 15.6 12.0[30] 4.3[30] 1.2 Yes[31] No $69
Radeon R7 250 Oct 8, 2013 Oland XT GCN 1.0 28 1040 90 PCIe 3.0 ×16 1024
2048
1000 1050 1150 (Effective 4600) 384:24:8 8 24 128 DDR3
GDDR5
73.6 768
806.4
48 Unknown 75 11.8 12.0[30] 4.3[30] 1.2 Yes No $89
Radeon R7 250X Feb 10, 2014 Cape Verde XT GCN 1.0 28 1500 123 PCIe 3.0 ×16 1024
2048
1000 N/A 1125 (Effective 4500) 640:40:16 16 40 128 GDDR5 72 1280 80 Unknown 95 13.5 12.0[30] 4.3[30] 1.2 Yes No $99
Radeon R7 260 Dec 17, 2013 Bonaire GCN 1.1 28 2080 160 PCIe 3.0 ×16 1024 1000 N/A 1500 (Effective 6000) 768:48:16 16 48 128 GDDR5 96 1536 96 Unknown 95 16.2 12.0[30] 4.3[30] 1.2 Yes Yes[32] $109
Radeon R7 260X Oct 8, 2013 Bonaire XTX GCN 1.1 28 2080 160 PCIe 3.0 ×16 1024
2048
1100 N/A 1625 (Effective 6500) 896:56:16 17.6 61.6 128 GDDR5 104 1971.2 123.2 Unknown 115 17.1 12.0[30] 4.3[30] 1.2 Yes Yes[33] $139
Radeon R7 265 2014 Curaçao PRO GCN 1.0 28 2800 212 PCIe 3.0 ×16 2048 900 925 1400 (Effective 5600) 1024:64:32 28.8 57.6 256 GDDR5 179.2 1843.2 115.2 Unknown 150 12.3 12.0[30] 4.3[30] 1.2 Yes No $149
Radeon R9 270 Nov 13, 2013 Curaçao PRO GCN 1.0 28 2800 212 PCIe 3.0 ×16 2048 900 925 1400 (Effective 5600) 1280:80:32 28.8 72 256 GDDR5 179.2 2304
2368
144
148
Unknown 150 15.4 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes No $179
Radeon R9 270X Oct 8, 2013 Curaçao XT GCN 1.0 28 2800 212 PCIe 3.0 ×16 2048
4096
1000 1050 1400 (Effective 5600) 1280:80:32 32 80 256 GDDR5 179.2 2560
2688
160
168
Unknown 180 14.2 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes No $199
Radeon R9 280 Mar 4, 2014 Tahiti PRO GCN 1.0 28 4313 352 PCIe 3.0 ×16 3072 827 933 1250 (Effective 5000) 1792:112:32 26.5 92.6 384 GDDR5 240 2964
3343.9
741
836
Unknown 250 14.8 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes No $249
Radeon R9 280X Oct 8, 2013 Tahiti XT2
Tahiti XTL[35]
GCN 1.0 28 4313 352 PCIe 3.0 ×16 3072 850 1000 1500 (Effective 6000) 2048:128:32 27.2 109 384 GDDR5 288 3481.6
4096
870.4
1024
Unknown 250 13.9 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes No $299
Radeon R9 285 Sep 2, 2014 Tonga PRO GCN 1.2 28 5000[36] 359[37] PCIe 3.0 ×16 2048 918 Unknown 1375 (Effective 5500) 1792:112:32 29.4 102.8 256 GDDR5 176 3290 206.6[38] Unknown 190 17.3 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes Yes $249
Radeon R9 290 Nov 5, 2013 Hawaii PRO GCN 1.1 28 6200[39] 438 PCIe 3.0 ×16 4096 up to 9476 N/A 1250 (Effective 5000) 2560:160:64 60.608 151.52 512 GDDR5 320 4848.6 606.1 Unknown 275 17.6 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes Yes $399
Radeon R9 290X Oct 24, 2013 Hawaii XT GCN 1.1 28 6200[39] 438 PCIe 3.0 ×16 4096 up to 10006 N/A 1250 (Effective 5000) 2816:176:64 64 176 512 GDDR5 320 5632 704 Unknown 290 19.4 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes Yes $549
Radeon R9 295X2 [40] Apr 8, 2014 Vesuvius GCN 1.1 28 2× 6200 2× 438 PCIe 3.0 ×16 2× 4096 1018 N/A 1250 (Effective 5000) 2× 2816:176:64 2× 65.152 2× 179.168 2× 512 GDDR5 2× 320 11466.752 1433.344 Unknown 500 22.9 12.0[34] 4.3[34] 1.2 Yes Yes $1499
Model Launch Codename Architecture Fab (nm) Transistors (Million) Die Size (mm2) Bus interface Memory (MiB) Clock rate Config core1 Fillrate Memory Processing Power
GFLOPS
TDP (W) GFLOPS/W Single Precision API support (version) True Audio Release Price (USD)
Core (MHz) Boost (MHz) Memory (MHz) Pixel (GP/s)2 Texture (GT/s)3 Bus width (bit) Bus type Bandwidth (GB/s) Single Precision4 Double Precision5 Idle Max. DirectX OpenGL OpenCL Mantle

1 Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units
2 Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of ROPs multiplied by the base core clock speed.
3 Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of TMUs multiplied by the base core clock speed.
4 Single precision performance is calculated as two times the number of shaders multiplied by the base core clock speed.
5 Double precision performance of Hawaii is 1/8 of single precision performance,[41] Tahiti is 1/4 of single precision performance, others 28 nm chip is 1/16 of single precision performance.
6 Base clock of R9 290 and R9 290X will maintain at 947 MHz and 1000 MHz before reaching 95°C, respectively.[42]
7 The R9 285 utilizes loss-less colour compression which can increase effective memory bandwidth (relative to GCN 1.0 and 1.1 cards) in certain situations.[43][44]

Graphics device drivers[edit]

AMD's proprietary graphics device driver "Catalyst"[edit]

Main article: AMD Catalyst

AMD Catalyst is being developed for Microsoft Windows and Linux. As of July 2014, other operating system are not officially supported. This may be different for the AMD FirePro brand, which is based on identical hardware but features OpenGL-certified graphics device drivers.

AMD Catalyst supports of course all features advertised for the Radeon brand.

Free and open-source graphics device driver "Radeon"[edit]

The free and open-source drivers are primarily developed on Linux and for Linux, but have been ported to other operating systems as well. Each driver is composed out of five parts:

  1. Linux kernel component DRM
  2. Linux kernel component KMS driver: basically the device driver for the display controller
  3. user-space component libDRM
  4. user-space component in Mesa 3D;
  5. a special and distinct 2D graphics device driver for X.Org Server, which if finally about to be replaced by Glamor

The free and open-source "Radeon" graphics driver supports most of the features implemented into the Radeon line of GPUs.[45]

The free and open-source "Radeon" graphics device drivers are not reverse engineered, but based on documentation released by AMD.[46]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.techpowerup.com/200081/amd-catalyst-14-4-rc-available-for-download.html Full support for OpenGL 4.4
  2. ^ a b Iyer, Tarun (July 4, 2013). "Report: AMD's Volcanic Islands GPUs Launching in October Without HD 8000 Branding". tomshardware.com. tom's Hardware. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  3. ^ Hagedoorn, Hilbert. "AMD Pirate Islands Radeon R9 300 Series". The Guru of 3D. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  4. ^ AMD's Next Generation Volcanic Islands GPUs Possibly Launching in October - May Not Be Branded As HD 8000 Series
  5. ^ AMD Updates 2014-2015 Product Roadmap [UPDATED]
  6. ^ AMD Launches Next Generation Volcanic Islands (VI) GPUs in 2014 - Successor to Sea Islands
  7. ^ AnandTech Portal AMD Announces Next Generation Radeon R7 and R9 Video Cards
  8. ^ Launch Date Revealed for AMD Radeon R9 290X Hawaii Graphics Card
  9. ^ "AMD Eyefinity: FAQ". AMD. 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  10. ^ AnandTech Portal | Radeon R9 290X Retail Prices Hit $900
  11. ^ AMD graphics card pricing skyrockets due to cryptocurrency mining, could kill AMD’s gaming efforts | ExtremeTech
  12. ^ AMD Radeon™ R9 Series Graphics
  13. ^ AnandTech Portal The AMD Radeon R9 295X2 Review
  14. ^ "What to expect from GPU14 event in Hawaii". Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  15. ^ AMD GPU Lineup Announced R9 and R7 Series PC Perspective
  16. ^ http://www.anandtech.com/show/7828/amd-announces-radeon-r9-280-radeon-hd-7950b-returns
  17. ^ Woligroski, Don. "AMD Radeon R9 270 Review: Replacing The Radeon HD 7800s". TomsHardware.com. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "AMD Releases R7 Series Graphics Cards With AMD Radeon R7 240, AMD Radeon R7 250 and AMD Radeon R7 260X GPUs". Advanced Micro Devices. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  19. ^ Ung, Gordon Mah (8 October 2013). "Everything You Wanted to Know About AMD’s New TrueAudio Technology". maximumpc. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  20. ^ http://www.anandtech.com/show/7751/amd-announces-radeon-r7-250x-shipping-today
  21. ^ Radeon R9 290X Review AMD's Back In Ultra-High-End Gaming - Hawaii A 6.2 Billion Transistor GPU For Gaming "We've also come to learn that AMD changed the double-precision rate from 1/4 to 1/8 on the R9 290X, yielding a maximum .7 TFLOPS. The FirePro version of this configuration will support full-speed (1/2 rate) DP compute, giving professional users an incentive to spring for Hawaii's professional implementation."
  22. ^ AMD Radeon R9 290 Review Fast And $400, But Is It Consistent - Digging Deeper Into Hawaii’s Behavior
  23. ^ http://www.extremetech.com/gaming/189034-amd-radeon-r9-285-review-the-gcn-1-2-torpedo-that-takes-out-nvidias-gtx-760
  24. ^ http://hexus.net/tech/reviews/graphics/74033-sapphire-radeon-r9-285-dual-x-oc-28nm-tonga/
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.amd.com/en-us/products/graphics/desktop/oem/r5
  26. ^ http://www.techpowerup.com/199511/amd-launches-radeon-r5-230-in-the-retail-channel-gigabyte-outs-its-offering.html
  27. ^ http://www.amd.com/en-us/products/graphics/desktop/r5#
  28. ^ http://www.cpu-world.com/news_2014/2014040401_AMD_Launches_Radeon_R5_230_For_Retail_Market.html
  29. ^ a b http://www.amd.com/en-us/products/graphics/desktop/r5
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l http://www.amd.com/en-us/products/graphics/desktop/r7
  31. ^ AnandTech Portal Understanding AMD’s Mantle A Low-Level Graphics API For GCN
  32. ^ AMD Radeon R7 260 1GB Video Card Review - Legit ReviewsAMD Cuts Bonaire GPU Features To Get The Price To $109
  33. ^ R7 260X TrueAudio’s First Outing On The Back Of Bonaire - AMD Radeon R9 280X, R9 270X, And R7 260X Old GPUs, New Names
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p http://www.amd.com/en-us/products/graphics/desktop/r9
  35. ^ AMD Preparing Tahiti XTL Revision of Radeon R9 280X Graphic Card For November Release
  36. ^ http://hexus.net/tech/reviews/graphics/74033-sapphire-radeon-r9-285-dual-x-oc-28nm-tonga/
  37. ^ http://hexus.net/tech/reviews/graphics/74033-sapphire-radeon-r9-285-dual-x-oc-28nm-tonga/
  38. ^ http://www.anandtech.com/show/8460/amd-radeon-r9-285-review/17
  39. ^ a b AnandTech Portal|The AMD Radeon R9 290X Review
  40. ^ http://www.kitguru.net/components/graphic-cards/anton-shilov/amd-radeon-r9-295-x2-final-specs-revealed-card-may-not-fit-all-pc-cases/
  41. ^ Radeon R9 290X Review AMD's Back In Ultra-High-End Gaming - Hawaii A 6.2 Billion Transistor GPU For Gaming "We've also come to learn that AMD changed the double-precision rate from 1/4 to 1/8 on the R9 290X, yielding a maximum .7 TFLOPS. The FirePro version of this configuration will support full-speed (1/2 rate) DP compute, giving professional users an incentive to spring for Hawaii's professional implementation."
  42. ^ AMD Radeon R9 290 Review Fast And $400, But Is It Consistent - Digging Deeper Into Hawaii’s Behavior
  43. ^ http://www.extremetech.com/gaming/189034-amd-radeon-r9-285-review-the-gcn-1-2-torpedo-that-takes-out-nvidias-gtx-760
  44. ^ http://hexus.net/tech/reviews/graphics/74033-sapphire-radeon-r9-285-dual-x-oc-28nm-tonga/
  45. ^ "RadeonFeature". Xorg.freedesktop.org. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  46. ^ "AMD Developer Guideds". 

External links[edit]