Radhanpur

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Radhanpur
રાધનપુર
city
Radhanpur is located in Gujarat
Radhanpur
Radhanpur
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°50′N 71°36′E / 23.83°N 71.6°E / 23.83; 71.6Coordinates: 23°50′N 71°36′E / 23.83°N 71.6°E / 23.83; 71.6
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Patan
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 32,076
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Radhanpur is a town and a municipality in Patan district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Origin of name[edit]

According to the tradition, the city is named after Radhan Khan, a descendant of Fateh Khan Baloch. Fateh Khan Baloch received a freedom from the Gujarat Sultan Ahmad Shah III, which included the territory of the later day city of Radhanpur.[1]

History[edit]

Main article: Radhanpur State

The State of Radhanpur was established in 1693 by the founder of the Babi dynasty, Khan Jahan (Jawan Mard Khan I), son of Jafar Khan, the Nawab of Junagadh. Later, Radhanpur city became the capital of the princely state of Radhanpur under Palanpur Agency of Bombay Presidency. It was a walled town, known for its export trade in rapeseed, grain and cotton.[2]

Radhanpur came under British control in 1813.[2] Even so, the Nawabs minted their own coins until 1900, when the state adopted the Indian currency; a particularly forward-looking Nawab briefly introduced decimalization, with 100 fulus equaling one rupee. Still, India did not decimalize its currency until 1957. 1960 part of Gujarat state

Geography[edit]

Radhanpur is located at 23°50′N 71°36′E / 23.83°N 71.6°E / 23.83; 71.6.[3] It has an average elevation of 27 metres (88 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2008 India census,[4] Radhanpur had a population of 50001. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Radhanpur has an average literacy rate of 80%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 68%, and female literacy is 60%. In Radhanpur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ W.W. Hunter, ed. (1908). The Imperial Gazetter of India XXI. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 23. 
  2. ^ a b Chisholm 1911, p. 785.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Radhanpur
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

References[edit]