The Radical Faeries (also Faeries and Fae) are a loosely-affiliated, worldwide network and counter-cultural movement seeking to reject hetero-imitation and redefine queer identity through spirituality. The Radical Faerie movement started in the United States among gay men during the 1970s sexual and counterculture revolution. The movement has expanded in tandem with the larger gay rights movement, challenging commercialization and patriarchal aspects of modern LGBT life while celebrating pagan constructs and rituals. Faeries tend to be fiercely independent, anti-establishment, and community-focused. Faerie culture is undefinable as a group; however, it has similar characteristics to "Marxism, feminism, paganism, Native American and New Age spirituality, anarchism, the mythopoetic men's movement, radical individualism, the therapeutic culture of self-fulfillment and self-actualization, earth-based movements in support of sustainable communities, spiritual solemnity coupled with a camp sensibility, gay liberation and drag." 
Radical Faeries today embody a wide range of genders, sexual orientations, and identities. Many sanctuaries and gatherings are open to all, while some still focus on the particular spiritual experience of man-loving men co-creating temporary autonomous zones. Faerie sanctuaries adapt rural living and environmentally sustainable concepts to modern technologies as part of creative expression. Radical Faerie communities are generally inspired by indigenous, native or traditional spiritualities, especially those that incorporate genderqueer sensibilities.
The Faeries trace their name to the 1979 Spiritual Conference for Radical Fairies.[note 1] The conference, organized by Harry Hay and his lover John Burnside, along with Los Angeles activist Don Kilhefner and Jungian therapist Mitch Walker, was held over the Labor Day weekend in Benson, Arizona and attracted over two hundred participants. From this, participants started holding more multi-day events called "gatherings". In keeping with hippie, neopagan, and eco-feminist trends of the time, gatherings were held out-of-doors in natural settings. To this end, distinct Radical Faerie communities have created sanctuaries that are "close to the land".
It was Hay who adopted the name "Radical Faerie" for this burgeoning movement, with "radical" referring to its politically extreme viewpoint. The term "Faerie" was chosen in reference both to the immortal animistic spirits of European folklore and to the fact that "fairy" had become a pejorative slang term for male homosexuals. Initially, Hay rejected the term "movement" when discussing the Radical Faeries, considering it to instead be a "way of life" for gay males, and he began referring to it as a "not-movement".
The magical and "radical humanist" views of Arthur Evans, specifically his 1978 book Witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture, influenced some early members of the movement. Evans had previously formed the Faery Circle in San Francisco in the fall of 1975, a group that "combined neo-pagan consciousness, gay sensibility, and ritual play."
However, less than a year after the first "Radical Faerie" gathering in 1979, internal pressures threatened to fracture the group. Walker secretly formed the "Faerie Fascist Police" to combat "Faerie fascism" and "power-tripping" within the Faeries. He specifically targeted Hay: "I recruited people to spy on Harry and see when he was manipulating people, so we could undo his undermining of the scene." At a gathering in Oregon designed to discuss acquiring land for a Faerie sanctuary, a newcomer to the group, coached by Walker, confronted Harry about the power dynamics within the core circle. In the ensuing conflict, the core circle splintered. Plans for the land sanctuary stalled and a separate circle formed. The core circle made an attempt to reconcile, but at a meeting that came to be known as "Bloody Sunday", Kilhefner quit, accusing Hay and Burnside of "power tripping". Then Walker resigned, in the process allegedly calling Hay a "cancer on the gay movement" (a remark Walker later denied making). Walker and Kilhefner formed a new gay spiritual group called Treeroots.
Philosophy and ritual 
Faeries represent the first spiritual movement to be both "gay centered and gay engendered", where gayness is central to the idea, rather than in addition to, or incidental to a pre-existing spiritual tradition. The Radical Faerie exploration of the "gay spirit" is central, and that it is itself the source of spirituality, wisdom, and initiation. Founding Faerie Mitch Walker claims that "because of its indigenous, gay-centered nature, the Radical Faerie movement pioneers a new seriousness about gayness, its depth and potential, thereby heralding a new stage in the meaning of Gay Liberation."
In her study of the Pagan movement in the U.S., sociologist Margot Adler noted that the Faeries placed a great emphasis on the "transformative power of play", believing that playful behavior had a role within ritual that could lead to an altered state of consciousness. In keeping with this, they were often the "public anarchists" at Pagan events, challenging the formalized ritual structures propagated by other Pagans; at one event in the 1980s, a group of Faeries stood at the entrance to the ritual circle, calling out "Attention! No spontaneity! We're the spontaneity police!" as a way of parodying what they saw as formalised trends within Pagan ritual. Adler also noted similar trends within other Pagan groups, such as the Reformed Druids of North America and the Erisian movement.
Sanctuaries and gatherings 
Radical Faerie sanctuaries — rural land or urban buildings where Faeries have come together to live a communal life — now exist in, for example:
- North America
- Folleterre in France
- Asian Faeries in Thailand
- Faerieland in New South Wales
Faeries hold gatherings at faerie sanctuaries and also in non-sanctuary space all over the globe ranging from non-Faerie centric rural spaces (such as IDA) in Tennessee to urban spaces, such as Queer Magic in Oregon.
Cultural influence 
See also 
- Homosexuality and Neopaganism
- LGBT themes in mythology
- Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence
- Subject-SUBJECT consciousness
- Mitchell, Larry (1977), The Faggots & Their Friends Between Revolutions, with drawings by Ned Asta, Calamus Books, ISBN 978-0-930762-00-1
- Evans, Arthur (1978), Witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture: A Radical View of Western Civilization and Some of the People It Has Tried to Destroy, Fag Rag Books, ISBN 0-915480-01-8
- Thompson, Mark, ed. (1987), Gay Spirit: Myth and Meaning, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-1-59021-024-6
- Hennen, Peter (2008), Faeries, Bears, and Leathermen: Men in Community Queering the Masculine, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0-226-32727-3
- Thompson, Mark, ed. (2011), The Fire in Moonlight: Stories from the Radical Faeries, 1975-2010, with Richard Neely (Osiris) and Bo Young, foreword by Will Roscoe, White Crane Books, ISBN 978-1-59021-338-4
- R.F.D., often dubbed the Radical Faerie Digest
- White Crane, a journal of Gay Wisdom & Culture, covers various aspects of Faerie consciousness
LGBT PAGANISM/ Rainbow Witch/LGBT WICCA can marry members of there faith no matter the gender or sexual life style.
- Hay and others switched to the older spelling, "faeries", after 1979.
Harry Hay (1996) Radically Gay: Gay Liberation in the Words of its Founder, edited by Will Roscoe.
- Thompson, Mark (21 January 2003), "Remembering Harry", The Advocate (Here Publishing), retrieved 2008-10-17
- Morgensen, Scott. 2009. "Back and Forth to the Land: Negotiating Rural and Urban Sexuality Among the Radical Faeries." In Ellen Lewin and William L. Leap eds. Out in Public: Reinventing Lesbian / Gay Anthropology in a Globalizing World: Readings in Engaged Anthropology. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 1-4051-9101-5, ISBN 978-1-4051-9101-2.
- Hennen, Peter (2008), Faeries, Bears, and Leathermen, University of Chicago Press
- Gallagher, Eugene V.; Ashcraft, W. Michael (2006), Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 260, ISBN 0-275-98712-4
- Encyclopedia of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender history in America Marc Stein, Editor; Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004; ISBN 0-684-31264-6, ISBN 978-0-684-31264-4.
- Thompson, Mark (2004), Leatherfolk: Radical Sex, People, Politics, And Practice, Daedalus Publishing, p. 282, ISBN 1-881943-20-8
- Haggerty, George (2000), Gay histories and cultures: an encyclopedia 2, Taylor & Francis, p. 1123, ISBN 0-8153-1880-4
- Timmons, Stuart (2011), "The Making of a Tribe", in Thompson, Mark, The Fire in the Moonlight: Stories from the Radical Faeries, 1975-2010, White Crane Books, p. 33
- Timmons, 2011, p. 32.
- Johnson, Toby, "Critique of Patriarchal Reason (book review)", International Gay and Lesbian Review, retrieved 2008-03-25
- Evans, Arthur (2007), San Francisco Art Commission helps publish gay-positive philosophy book (Critique of Patriarchal Reason), retrieved 2010-06-29
- Timmons, Stuart (1990), The Trouble with Harry Hay: Founder of the Modern Gay Movement, Boston: Alyson, p. 275, ISBN 1-55583-175-3
- Timmons, 1990, pp. 277–78
- Timmons, 1990, pp. 282–83
- Timmons, 1990, p. 284
- Adler, Margot (1979/2006). Drawing Down the Moon: Witches, Druids, Goddess-Worshipers and Other Pagans in America (Revised Edition). London: Penguin. p. 361. ISBN 0-14-303819-2.
- Walker, Mitch (Fall 1997), "Contradictory Views on Radical Faerie Thought", White Crane Journal 34
- Adler 2006. p. 362.
- Adler 2006. pp. 335–354.
- A Sistory: Blow by blow
- History of the Faeries, with Murray Edelman, Joey Cain, and Agnes de Garron; transcribed from the 2nd Annual Philly Faerie Gatherette, 15 January 2012
- Dubowski, Sandi (2006, Fall), "Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret", Filmmaker Magazine, retrieved 2007-04-20
- Bond, Justin (2011), Mx Justin Vivian Bond: A User’s Guide
- RadFae, web portal for Faerie-related resources including local circles
- Beginnings of a movement, personal recollections from men involved in early days of the Faeries (and the Sisters)
- Paganism and Gay Spirituality: A Survey of Radical Faeries in Asheville, North Carolina
- Faerie Tales (1992) documentary short by Philippe Roques
- Fairie Underground, A Radical Faerie organization providing communication mediums, privacy-advocacy, and journalism resources.