Radio France

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Radio France
Type Société anonyme
Founder(s) 1974
Headquarters Paris, France
Area served France
Key people Jean-Luc Hees (CEO)
Products Radio broadcasting, Production, Orchestras
Services Public radio
Owner(s) French Government
Website radiofrance.fr

Radio France is a French public service radio broadcaster.

Mission[edit]

Radio France's two principal missions are:

  • To create and expand the programming on all of their stations; and
  • To assure the development and the management of the following four orchestras and choirs:

Stations[edit]

Radio France offers seven national networks:

The international station, Radio France Internationale (RFI) has been independent of Radio France since 1986. Its funds are completely covered by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

History timeline[edit]

  • 1897: A year after Marconi’s experiments, Eugène Ducretet begins his trials of radio broadcasting from a mast on the third level of the Eiffel Tower
  • 1921: The weather forecast and the stock market prices are read from a studio in the Eiffel Tower.
  • 6 November 1922 (eight days before the BBC): Radiola, the first French private radio transmitter, begins regular broadcasts. It changes its name to Radio Paris in 1924. It is followed by Radio Toulouse and Radio Lyon, and in 1932/1933 by Radio Luxembourg. Before World War II, 14 commercial and 12 public sector radios operate in France.
  • 1940–44: In both the German Occupied zone and under the Vichy regime in the south, radio is taken over by the State.
  • 1942–43: With the agreement of Vichy, Radio Monte Carlo and its financial holding company la SOFIRAD are born.
  • 1944: At the Liberation of France, the state broadcasting monopoly is retained for practical and ideological reasons. Public service radio broadcasting is ensured by the RDF, soon to be called the RTF, then the ORTF in 1964.
  • 1955: The commercial station Europe No. 1 begins broadcasting from across the border in the Sarre region of Germany, freed from French occupation in that year.
  • 1965: Under the management of Roland Dhordain, the four French radio stations are reorganised: France I and II are merged to "RTF Inter", later renamed "France Inter"; France III is renamed "RTF Promotion", and later "France Culture"; France IV is renamed "RTF Haute Fidelité", and later "France Musique".
  • 1975: When the ORTF is broken up into separate TV channels (TF1 (Télévision française 1), antenne 2, France Région 3), technical services with TDF (Télédiffusion de France), for the filing and the formation with the INA (institut national de l'audiovisuel), services of production and audiovisual) creation with (SFP Société française de production) and radio, Radio France gains its independence from other media institutions as the state controlled public service radio broadcaster.
  • 1981: Following pressure from the independent and commercial radio lobbies and pirate broadcasters, the newly elected President François Mitterrand allows the licensing of "free" radio stations, to become "radios locales privées", initially with a state subsidy and then financed by commercial advertising (1984), and finally to group themselves into national networks (1986). A private radio sector broadcasting from within French borders is reborn.
  • 1999: The daily radio audience (reach) is 83%. They listen on average for over three hours a day. 99% of French homes have a radio. 80% of French households have a car radio, and 26.8% a personal stereo.
  • 2000: Radio France re-organises its radio network. France Bleu becomes a regional-only network, primarily on FM (the national AM radio network was re-attributed to France Info) and several FIP stations in large cities were closed down and replaced with youth station Le Mouv'.

Headquarters[edit]

The Maison de la Radio seen from the Eiffel Tower

Radio France has its headquarters at the Maison de la Radio, a circular building designed by the architect Henri Bernard and inaugurated in December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle, which stands beside the River Seine in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. In addition to housing Radio France's central services and the studios of several of its channels, the building is home to the Musée de Radio France: a museum of radio and television broadcasting and recording techniques.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


External links[edit]