Radio Philippines Network

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Radio Philippines Network
Type Broadcast commercial radio and television network
Country Philippines
Availability Nationwide
Founded June 29, 1960
by Roberto Benedicto
Slogan Inform. Inspire.
Area Philippines Philippines
Owner Government of the Philippines (Presidential Communications Operations Office) (20%)
ALC Group of Companies
(34%)
Far East Managers and Investors (32%)
Private Stock (14%)
Parent ALC Group of Companies (Solar Television Network) [1]
Key people
Amb. Antonio L.C. Chua (Chairman of the Board)
Robert Rivera (President, CEO) [1]
Launch date
June 29, 1960
Former names
Kanlaon Broadcasting System (1960-1975)
C/S9 (2008-2009)
Solar TV (November 28, 2009-February 25, 2011)
ETC (March 2, 2011-November 29, 2013)
Solar News Channel (December 1, 2013-August 22, 2014)
Picture format
NTSC 480i (SDTV)
Official website
9News

Radio Philippines Network, Inc. is a Filipino-based media company co-owned by the Presidential Communications Operations Office, ALC Group of Companies, Far East Managers and Investors Inc., and several private stockholders. The network's main offices are located at #97 Panay Avenue, Brgy. South Triangle, Quezon City.

Founded by Roberto Benedicto and prior to the privatization, it was the sister station of current government owned and controlled Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation.

History[edit]

As the Kanlaon Broadcasting System (1960-1975)[edit]

RPN was founded and granting the first broadcasting franchise on June 29, 1960 as the Kanlaon Broadcasting System (KBS). Kanlaon is a volcano on the Philippine island of Negros, the home of Benedicto. Once granted, KBS first became a radio network with its first radio station in Manila, DZBI. In 1967, KBS had grown into a full network, with seven radio stations all over the country namely, DZRR and DZAX in Manila, DZAH and DZBS in Baguio, DZTG in Tuguegarao, DZRL in Laoag, and DXDX in Dadiangas.

In 1969, KBS turned to television as KBS Television was launched with KBS-9 Manila and KBS-12 Baguio as its first stations. Help and funding for the new TV network partly came from ABS-CBN in the form of its old headquarters along Roxas Boulevard and equipment from Toshiba enabling them to broadcast in color. As a result, on its launch it was named Accucolor 9 ("Accucolor" is the name of the color technology used) as the first Philippine television network to launch in full color. In 1970, KBS also acquired an Color-ready Outside Broadcast Van for the remote broadcasts of major news events and sports coverages.

As the Radio Philippines Network, early successes (1975-1986)[edit]

In 1974, KBS formally re-launched as RPN, the Radio Philippines Network (the RPN name was first used in the provincial stations before the RPN brand would later be used for the Manila station as well). It aired special coverages of the Olympics, Thrilla in Manila (in 1975) and the Miss Universe; and Programs such as John En Marsha, Flordeluna, Superstar. RPN became the first home of the daytime variety show Eat Bulaga! (premiering in 1979) RPN also pioneered the TV newscasting as they launched the first ever newspaper-format nightly newscast titled NewsWatch. The network also pioneered the use of computer graphics for their program plugs and station IDs.

RPN also aired anime programming (making them one of the first to do so in the country) and imported and syndicated programs from the United States. RPN-9 is the first network to cover the Philippine Basketball Association games live in 1976, before the broadcasts moved on to BBC-2.

In 1980, RPN-9 began to broadcast primetime programs and Eat Bulaga (when it was still with the network) through its new domestic satellite (DOMSAT) technology in which the 1980s logo resembles a satellite antenna.[2]

The network also became home to, from 1978 up to the early 1980s, the Super Sentai series (making it the first in the Philippines to do so, becoming a pioneer in broadcasting tokusatsu and sentai programs in the country in the process). These made it a reason for the network in 1982 to adopt The Leader as its official slogan, coupled with its Number 9 and the red corporate logos, due to its massive successes as the nation's number one network.

Government sequestration, decline, and New Vision 9 (1986-1994)[edit]

Although by the 1980s, RPN was the country's premier TV network, the late 1980s saw RPN's fortunes taking a turn for the worse. After the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution, the stock and assets of RPN, IBC and Banahaw Broadcasting Corporation were sequestered by the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG). President Corazon Aquino awarded BBC's Channel 2 frequency and its affiliates, through an executive order, to ABS-CBN, and RPN's and IBC's assets were turned over to the Government Communications Group. This was a period when the network lost much of its viewership to GMA Radio-Television Arts, which had rose as the leader in 1986, and PTV, another government-owned network, causing its ratings to slump, thus tarnishing RPN's popularity.

Worse yet, one of its old rivals, ABS-CBN, which had a lackluster performance upon its reopening, experienced an unprecedented resurgence and consequently, clinched the number one spot in 1988, causing RPN to fall to 4th place. During the post-EDSA Revolution era, RPN launched the first Filipino-created animated series, Ang Panday. By 1989, some of RPN's programming such as John en Marsha, Student Canteen, and Superstar were canceled, and TAPE's daytime programs Eat Bulaga!, Agila. and Coney Reyes on Camera (a co-production with Coney Reyes' CAN Television) moved under a co-production agreement to ABS-CBN, as they saw the resurgent network as a vital element in the sustaining of the three shows' success. During this period, it was already clear that RPN was losing its status as a premier broadcaster, resulting in its "The Leader" slogan to lose its purpose.

In 1989, the network relaunched as "New Vision 9" (but maintained "Radio Philippines Network" as the network's legal name), but the relaunch failed, as it later fell into another ratings slump due the continued resurgence and expansion of ABS-CBN and the recent re-launch of GMA Radio-Television Arts as GMA Network, Inc., but the reformatting positively resulted in another first for Philippine television as it became the first to go into 24-hour broadcasting.

Turnaround and second decline (1994-2007)[edit]

In 1994, New Vision 9 was reverted back to RPN and in the same year, RPN became the first television channel to broadcast programs in full stereo. In 1996, though, the network quickly re-gained its footing when it began to broadcast a Tagalog dub of the Mexican telenovela Marimar, which quickly became a popular program for the network, and setting the trend for a few years. From then, RPN established itself as the Philippine home network for the best in English programming and telenovelas, coupled with blockbuster movies. By the mid-2000s, however, a massive network war between all networks and the meteoric rise of Asianovelas (which was started by ABS-CBN in 2003 with Meteor Garden) caused another era of decline for RPN.

Partnership with Solar (2007-2010)[edit]

C/S9 logo used from October 4, 2008 - November 28, 2009.

Hoping to reverse its fortunes, RPN sought a partner to help reverse its worsening status. On March 11, 2007, RPN began a partnership with the Solar Entertainment Corporation, an operator of a number of cable channels in the country. The company began co-producing new programming for the network, such as a local version of the Next Top Model franchise. The network underwent management changes on December 24, 2007, as Tonypet Albano (undersecretary and executive director of Malacañang's Office of Political Coalition Affairs and Deputy Spokesperson of TEAM Unity) was appointed chairman of the network (replacing Education Undersecretary Mona Valisno, incumbent Presidential Assistant for Education). Undersecretary Robert Rivera was appointed director of the board, while the president and chief executive officer became former senator Orlando Mercado.[3]

Solar TV logo from November 29, 2009 - February 25, 2011

Mercado's first major move was to expand their partnerships with Solar Entertainment. Programming from Solar's cable network C/S was added to RPN's lineup at the beginning of the new year, and PBA basketball would also return to the network beginning in the 2008-09 season, as part of Solar Sports' new three-year deal with the league after an intense bidding war with ABS-CBN.[4][5]

In October 2008, RPN's stations ultimately took on the C/S name as part of their permanent branding, and rebranded itself as C/S 9. The C/S 9 name would not last, on November 29, 2009, the network re-branded again under the new name Solar TV. In late 2010, it was revealed that RPN would no longer carry PBA games, due to planned re-launch to occur in 2011, with more "feminine" programming.[6]

Privatization[edit]

ETC-9 logo from March 2, 2011 - November 30, 2013.

In 2010, the Philippine government began to actively consider privatizing RPN and IBC. Ricardo Abcede, member of the Presidential Commission on Good Government, supported the plans, noting that the government should not need to subsidize three state broadcasters when most countries only have one, and could gain a significant profit if they were sold to a major company willing to invest in the stations.[7]

In January 2011, reports confirmed that Solar Entertainment, through Solar TV Network, and Roberto Benedicto's daughter Kitchie Benedicto now owned a 34% minority share in RPN.[8] Communications and Operation Office secretary Herminio Coloma, Jr. also began to hold meetings with the network's employees union to discuss the financial state of RPN as part of the planned privatization.[9] On February 22, 2011, RPN's employees filed a strike notice, protesting a rumored shutdown of RPN on February 25, and accusing the government of attempting to privatize RPN without actively consulting its employees.[9][10][11]

On February 25, 2011, RPN signed off temporarily in preparation for a relaunch as ETC on March 2, 2011.[12] Additional shares in RPN were sold to Far East Managers and Investors Inc. (FEMI), an organization company affiliated with Ambassador Roberto Benedicto (founder of RPN), and the San Miguel Corporation. The government would retain the People's Television Network to serve as the sole state broadcaster of the country[13][14] However, due to privatization, RPN is forced to retrench 200 employees and stopping the production of RPN NewsWatch, its last RPN-produced program, on October 29, 2012 as Solar TV takes over the entire RPN's airtime.[15][16]

In November 2013, San Miguel Corporation President and COO Ramon S. Ang declares interest in acquiring Solar Television Network and its stake on RPN but instead acquire a minority stake on GMA Network.[17]

On November 30, 2013, ETC was returned to SBN while Solar News Channel moves to RPN since the following day to widen its nationwide telecast.[18][19][20] (SBN broadcast ETC from 2008-2011)

Solar News Channel logo from December 1, 2013 - August 22, 2014

On January 3, 2014, RPN and Aliw Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) signed a memorandum of agreement for the expanded coverage of the both TV and radio networks nationwide. Selected DWIZ programs will be simulcast on the Radyo Ronda Network.[21][22]

Cabangon-Chua stake and rebranding to 9TV[edit]

On August 20, 2014, Solar Entertainment Corporation chief Wilson Tieng announced that he ceded his entire share on Solar TV Network, Inc., including its 34% majority share on RPN, to Antonio Cabangon-Chua, owner of business daily BusinessMirror and Aliw Broadcasting Corporation.[23][24] Tieng sold Solar TV because they are losing money for operations and he will be focusing instead on the remaining television channels he personally owned through Solar Entertainment.

To reflect the change of ownership, on August 13, 2014, Solar Television Network and RPN announced the rebranding of Solar News Channel into 9TV Network by August 23, dropping the "Solar" branding.[25][26] 9TV retained the news and current affairs programming while expanding its weekend programming to cater more audiences with the launching of "Kids Weekend", "Small Acts, Big Stories", "Something to Chew On" and "Boys Ride Out".[27]

Programming[edit]

9TV programs[edit]

RPN Previously Programs[edit]

Slogans[edit]

Branding Slogan Years Active Notes
KBS Accucolor 9 1969-1970
KBS The Bold Year '70 1970
KBS The Great in '73 1973
KBS The Color Network 1971-1975
RPN Top Rater RPN 1975-1976
RPN The Solid One 1976-1977
RPN Still The One 1977–1979
RPN Still The One in '79 1979-1980
RPN The Leader 1980–1989
New Vision 9 The Future 1989–September 30, 1994
RPN Philippines. Entertains. Informs. Serves. / The Network in Surround Stereo October 1, 1994 – 1995
RPN Let's Save the Beauty of Nature 1995
RPN Your Friendly Network 1996–1997
RPN Leading The Way 1997–1998
RPN Quality Primetime Television 1998–December 31, 1999
RPN Family TV! January 1, 2000 – 2001
RPN Your Kind of TV! 2001–2002
RPN World Class Primetime 2002–2003
RPN Moving Ahead 2003–March 10, 2007
RPN Prime Shift 2004–March 10, 2007
RPN Kasama Mo! Simple Ang Ligaya, Masarap Kasama! (Your Companion! Simple Fun, Comfortable to Enjoy!) March 11-July 15, 2007
RPN Pare! July 16-December 31, 2007
C/S on RPN C/S First. C/S Free. January 1-October 3, 2008
C/S 9 Right Here, Right Now October 4, 2008 – November 28, 2009
Solar TV It's A Bright New World November 29, 2009 – October 30, 2010
RPN RPN 50 Years (1960–2010) June–December 2010
Solar TV Kung Saan Lahat Panalo! (Where Everyone's a Winner!) October 31, 2010 – February 25, 2011
ETC Entertainment on every side, style in every angle. March 2, 2011 – May 29, 2011
ETC Young & Loving It! May 30, 2011 – November 29, 2013
Solar News Channel Inform. Inspire. December 1, 2013 – August 22, 2014
9TV Information. Inspiration. Integrity. August 23, 2014 – present

List of RPN stations and affiliates[edit]

RPN USA[edit]

Main article: RPN USA

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cabangon-Chua group set to take over RPN-9". August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ Manila Standard: The Trailblazer turned 39
  3. ^ ABS-CBN Interactive, Tonypet Albano is new RPN-9 chief
  4. ^ "SOLAR SPORTS BAGS 3-YEAR PBA TV DEAL". PBA official website. 2008-05-27. Archived from the original on 2008-05-28. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  5. ^ Macamay, Zean (2008-05-28). "Solar gets it". People's Journal. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  6. ^ Solar drops PBA for 'feminine' programs, Musong R. Castillo, Philippine Daily Inquirer, December 8, 2010
  7. ^ PCGG urges gov't to fast-track sale of RPN-9, IBC-13 ABS-CBNnews.com. 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  8. ^ Romualdez, Babe. "Spy Bits: RPN 9 a done deal?". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Malacanang sets dialogue with RPN-9 union ABS-CBNnews.com. 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
  10. ^ RPN 9 workers file notice of strike InterAksyon.com 2011-02-22. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
  11. ^ RPN 9 two labor unions file notice of strike, seek Noy's intervention The Daily Tribiune 2011-02-23. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
  12. ^ Lo, Ricardo F. "ETC on RPN-9 starting March 2". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  13. ^ San Miguel to join bidding for RPN-9, IBC-13 philSTAR.com 03-06-2011. Retrieved 03-06-2011.
  14. ^ San Miguel Corp. announces plan to bid for RPN-9 and IBC-13 PEP.ph 03-06-2011. Retrieved 03-06-2011.
  15. ^ - RPN-9 to cut 200 jobs, may stop airing 'Newswatch' retrieved August 18, 2014
  16. ^ - TV network hopeful on Ramon Ang retrieved August 18, 2014
  17. ^ "MVP-Ang rivalry set to spill over into television with San Miguel acquisition of Solar stake". November 9, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2014. 
  18. ^ ETC MOVES TO SBN-21 STARTING NOVEMBER 30
  19. ^ Solar News Channel - Expect wider reach and a richer viewing experience retrieved November 5, 2013
  20. ^ Solar News on free TV moves to channel 9
  21. ^ http://www.solarnews.ph/news/business/2014/01/03/rpn-aliw-tie-up-to-broaden-broadcasting-reach#.Usbr_s5orDc
  22. ^ http://www.businessmirror.com.ph/index.php/en/news/top-news/25323-dwiz-rpn-forge-pact-to-widen-reach
  23. ^ EXCLUSIVE | BusinessMirror owner acquires majority stake in RPN9 retrieved August 20, 2014
  24. ^ Cabangon-Chua acquires RPN-9 retrieved August 21, 2014
  25. ^ - Solar News to be renamed News9? (Media Newser Philippines) retrieved August 18, 2014
  26. ^ - Is RPN-9 Destined to Return? retrieved August 18, 2014
  27. ^ - Solar News Channel turns into 9TV retrieved August 14, 2014

External links[edit]