Radio Romania International

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Radio România Internaţional
Rrilogo.png
Broadcast area International
First air date 1927
Affiliations World Radio Network, EBU-UER, Euranet
Owner Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company
Sister stations RRA, RRC, R3N, RRM, RAS
Webcast http://www.rri.ro/stream/rri1.asx
http://www.rri.ro/stream/rri2.asx
http://www.rri.ro/stream/rri3.asx
Website http://www.rri.ro/

Radio România Internaţional (Romanian: Radio România Internaţional, or RRI) is a Romanian radio station owned by the Romanian public radio broadcaster Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune (SRR, the national public radio in Romania) that broadcasts abroad.

According to the Romanian law nr. 41/1994, republished, the SRR produces and broadcasts programmes in the Romanian language and other languages, for worldwide auditorium, to promote the image of Romania, and her internal and external politics. As a result, inside the SRR there is Departamentul Radio România Internaţional (The Department Radio Romania International) (RRI), that owns two radio stations:

  • RRI 1 - “Romania Live”

As of March 2001, RRI 1 has broadcast daily shows under the heading “Romania, live”, a summary of the shows produced by the main departments in the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Corporation. This summary is broadcast around the clock via the satellite, on the Internet (in RealAudio), and also on short waves (to Central and Western Europe and Israel), 8 hours per day. RRI 1 has daily broadcasts around the clock in Romanian, and three 30 minute-broadcasts in the Aromanian dialect, which add up to 9,300 hours per year.

  • RRI 2 - “Radio Bridges”

RRI 2 produces and broadcasts shows in ten foreign languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Serbian, Spanish, Russian and Ukrainian, which total 25.5 hours per day. In other words, 9,300 more broadcasting hours per year.

People can listen to the programmes on short, medium and ultra-short waves, but also via satellite and other means of reception; the radio has 51 hours of radio programme every day, which amount to more than 18,600 hours of radio production in 12 months.

Estimated total direct programme hours per week of some external radio broadcasters for 1996
Broadcaster 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1996[2]
United States VOA, RFE/RL & Radio Martí 497 1,495 1,907 1,901 2,611 1,821
China China Radio International 66 687 1,267 1,350 1,515 1,620
United Kingdom BBC World Service 643 589 723 719 796 1,036
Russia Radio Moscow / Voice of Russia[3][1] 533 1,015 1,908 2,094 1,876 726
Germany Deutsche Welle 0 315 779 804 848 655
Egypt Radio Cairo (ERTU) 0 301 540 546 605 604
Iran IRIB World Service / Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran 12 24 155 175 400 575
India All India Radio 116 157 271 389 456 500
Japan NHK World Radio Japan 0 203 259 259 343 468
France Radio France Internationale 198 326 200 125 379 459
Netherlands Radio Netherlands Worldwide[1] 127 178 335 289 323 392
Israel Israel Radio International[1] 0 91 158 210 253 365
Turkey Voice of Turkey 40 77 88 199 322 364
North Korea Radio Pyongyang / Voice of Korea 0 159 330 597 534 364
Bulgaria Radio Bulgaria[1] 30 117 164 236 320 338
Australia Radio Australia 181 257 350 333 330 307
Albania Radio Tirana (RTSH) 26 63 487 560 451 303
Romania Radio Romania International 30 159 185 198 199 298
Spain Radio Exterior de España 68 202 251 239 403 270
Portugal RDP Internacional[1] 46 133 295 214 203 226
Cuba Radio Havana Cuba 0 0 320 424 352 203
Italy Rai Italia Radio[1] 170 205 165 169 181 203
Canada Radio Canada International[1] 85 80 98 134 195 175
Poland Radio Polonia[1] 131 232 334 337 292 171
South Africa Radio RSA / Channel Africa 0 63 150 183 156 159
Sweden Sveriges Radio International[1] 28 114 140 155 167 149
Hungary Magyar Rádió[1] 76 120 105 127 102 144
Czech Republic Radio Prague[1][4] 119 196 202 255 131 131
Nigeria Voice of Nigeria 0 0 62 170 120 127
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Radio Belgrade / International Radio of Serbia 80 70 76 72 96 68

Source: International Broadcast Audience Research, June 1996

The list includes about a quarter of the world's external broadcasters whose output is both publicly funded and worldwide. Among those excluded are Taiwan, Vietnam, South Korea and various international commercial and religious stations.

Notes:

  1. Does not broadcast on shortwave as of 2014.
  2. 1996 figures as at June; all other years as at December.
  3. Before 1991, broadcasting for the former USSR.
  4. Before 1996, broadcasting for the former Czechoslovakia.

Satellite broadcasts[edit]

RRI also broadcast for listeners in Western Europe via satellite Hot Bird 6 polarization, azimuth 13 degrees East, central frequency 11623 MHz, FEC 3/4, SR 27.500 Msymb/s.

Short Wave broadcasts[edit]

RRI broadcasts on shortwave with 300 kW from Galbeni (46.751667N, 26.856667E)[1] and Tiganesti (44.7496057N, 26.1027968E) in Romania, and from NRK's 65 kW transmitter in Kvitsøy, Norway (59.066667N, 5.437500E).[2]

English Language Broadcasts: (GMT)
0100–0200 Freq[kHz]: 6150 & 9515,
0400–0500 Freq[kHz]: 6115, 9515, 9690 & 11895,
0630–0700 Freq[kHz]: 7180, 9690, 15135 & 17780,
1300–1400 Freq[kHz]: 15105 & 17745,
1800–1900 Freq[kHz]: 7120 & 9640,
2130–2200 Freq[kHz]: 6055, 6115, 7145 & 9755,
2300–2400 Freq[kHz]: 6055, 6115, 7105 & 9610.

Romanian Language Broadcast: (GMT)
0100–0300 Freq[kHz]: 6040 & 9640
0800–0900 Freq[kHz]: 11730 & 15370,
0800–1000 Freq[kHz]: 15430 & 17775,
0900–1000 Freq[kHz]: 17745,
0900–1100 Freq[kHz]: 15380,
1000–1100 Freq[kHz]: 15260, 17735 & 17825,
1300–1400 Freq[kHz]: 9610, 11795 & 15170,
1500–1600 Freq[kHz]: 9595 & 11970,
1700–1800 Freq[kHz]: 6110 & 7220,
1800–2000 Freq[kHz]: 7140 & 9595.

Schedule for English broadcasts: (GMT +1H)

WESTERN EUROPE

05.30 – 06.00-----------------------------9 655; 7 305 (DRM)
11.00 – 12.00-----------------------------15 210; 17 510
17.00 – 18.00-----------------------------11 735; 9 535 (DRM)
17.00-17.30 ------------------------------ 7 350 (DRM for Great Britain alone)
20.30 – 21.00-----------------------------11 880; 9 765 (DRM)
22.00 – 23.00-----------------------------5 960; 7 435

External links[edit]

References[edit]