Radio Taiwan International
|Country||Republic of China|
|Owner||Radio Taiwan International|
|Former names||CBS,Voice of Free China, Radio Taipei International|
|Radio Taiwan International|
Central Broadcasting System (the white architecture) and The Grand Hotel
Radio Taiwan International (RTI) (Chinese: 中央廣播電台; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Guǎngbō Diàntái) is the English name and call sign of the international radio service, the Central Broadcasting System (CBS) of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan. It is a government-owned station that broadcasts in 13 languages around the world, with a majority emphasis on Mandarin-language broadcasts over shortwave into China.
The Central Broadcasting System was founded in 1928 as the voice of the Kuomintang (KMT) government quartered in Nanjing (Nanking), mainland China. During the Second Sino-Japanese war the KMT was forced by Japanese advances to relocate the radio station, along with the capital city, first to Hankou in the central Hubei Province and then to Chongqing (Chungking) in south-central China.
After the conclusion of the Second World War which saw the surrender and withdrawal of Japanese forces, the KMT and the Communist Party of China (CPC) resumed their civil war. The defeated KMT retreated to Taiwan in 1949 and the Central Broadcasting System moved with them.
After undergoing restructuring during the period 1996–98, CBS broadcast to mainland China and the rest of the world under the call sign Radio Taipei International and the Voice of Asia. Radio Taipei International essentially replaced the international radio services of the Broadcasting Corporation of China (BCC), known as the Voice of Free China. Radio Taipei International broadcast to China and to an international audience; by contrast, the Voice of Asia was broadcast to the Asia-Pacific region only and offered a lighter format than RTI. In 2002 the Voice of Asia call sign was dropped to leave Radio Taipei International as the sole broadcasting name for the service. This was in turn changed to Radio Taiwan International, to avoid confusion on the part of listeners, who had trouble associating Taipei with Taiwan.
In addition, via domestic AM radio and shortwave, CBS also broadcast three different "networks" in Chinese (mainly Mandarin) to the mainland. These networks were the News Network (a news and information-oriented service), the Variety Network (a music and features-oriented service, also known as the Mandarin Program, Perspective Program, or the Pop Network Program), and the Dialect Network (programming aimed at the minorities of China). In time, the Variety Network was renamed the General Network, the News Network became the Mainland Network, and eventually the Mainland, General, and Dialect Network were merged in with Radio Taiwan International. One consequence of this was that CBS could no longer broadcast domestically in AM radio.
Radio Taiwan International broadcasts to the following countries and regions:
- Australia and New Zealand
- The Philippines
- South Africa
- South Asia
- Southeast Asia
Programming is carried in various Chinese languages plus English, Japanese, Indonesian, Thai, Vietnamese, Spanish, German, French and Russian.
As of July 1, 2013, RTI terminated its short wave broadcasts to North and South America due to budget cuts caused by the closure of WYFR, a Christian religious short wave station which RTI leased airtime from and whose Florida transmitter RTI used to broadcast to the Americas. RTI programming was broadcast on WYFR at 5950 kHz and 9610 kHz between 5 p.m./6 p.m. Eastern until 3 a.m./4 a.m. Family Radio, however, continues to host RTI's audio service to the Chinese community in the New York City area on a digital subchannel of Family Radio's television station, WNYJ-TV.
- Media in Taiwan
- English language print media published by the Government Information Office
- Voice of Free China
- Radio Taiwan International Website (Chinese) (English) (French) (German) (Indonesian) (Japanese) (Russian) (Spanish) (Thai) (Vietnamese)