Radio Televisyen Brunei
|Branding||Radio Televisyen Brunei|
|First air date||1 March 1975 as Radio Televisyen Brunei (RTB)|
|Founded||2 May 1957 as Radio Brunei
1 March 1975 as Radio Televisyen Brunei
|Slogan||Sentiasa Bersama Biskita
|Licence area||Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei|
|Headquarters||Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei|
|Area||Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei|
|Owner||- Government Of Brunei
- Ministry of Information, Communication and Arts Brunei
Radio Televisyen Brunei (Radio Television Brunei or RTB) is the state broadcaster of Brunei. Radio Brunei made its first broadcast on 2 May 1957, with a Television service starting in 1 March 1975. Radio Television Brunei also monopolies the free-to-air television in the country, and also radio until 1999, when the country's only commercial radio station, Kristal FM was founded.
Radio Televisyen Brunei was officially opened on 2 May 1957 with Hari Raya Message from His Majesty Al-Marhum DYMM Paduka Seri Baginda Maulana Al-Sultan Sir Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien III. There was one studio which broadcast for 45 minutes each evening from 8:00 to 8:45 pm. The range of the single 1.2Kw transmitter was only five miles around the capital Brunei and surrounding areas. Radio Brunei first transmitted programs in 1957.
In 1974, RTB has only 171 staff and three transmitting sites giving almost 100% coverage of the country and beyond.
Radio Televisyen Brunei launched the first pilot television service on 1 February 1975 with Channel 5 test transmissions began trial of broadcasts. Official regular television services began on 1 March 1975 from Brunei-Muara District. RTB1 was officially opened by Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah on 9 July 1975. There were only three staff in the RTB studio and four to attend the transmitter.
- Phase 1 - 1975 to 1979 used part of the Radio Studios.
- Phase 2 - Utilizing the current multi-purpose studio complex which was fully commissioned by 1980. A second television transmitter, operating Channel 8 was commissioned at Brunei-Muara District in 1 March 1976.
In 1 March 1976, was also the year of the first outside television broadcast which was the coverage of His Majesty's birthday parade from the then 'Town Padang'. The television project was budgeted at B$35M. FM Stereo Radio Services from Brunei-Muara District started on 1 March 1977. At the same time, two high power Medium Wave stations at Brunei-Muara District commenced transmission of the Malay language service. RTB currently has 1000 staff. Coverage by radio and television is almost 100% of Brunei.
RTB broadcasts five television channels:
- RTB1 - is an 18-hour national flagship channel of Radio Televisyen Brunei aired news and information programs, with local and U.S. series
- RTB2 - is a 14-hour second channel of Radio Televisyen Brunei airs entertainment programmes,
- RTB3 - is a 12-hour national high-definition television channel airing all of Radio Televisyen Brunei's programs in 720p HDTV.
- RTB4 International - is a 24-hour international satellite television channel airing all of Radio Televisyen Brunei's programs.
- RTB5 - is a 10-hour national islam channel airing the live feed of the Royal Islamic Mosque in Brunei.
Note: These channels has news content. However, the newscasts of the news division is primarily aired on RTB1. Some of the channels tends to simulcast the news division's programs including RTB4. while the other channel replays some of the division's news programs
In addition to television, Radio Televisyen Brunei runs 5 radio networks. To mark the 50th anniversary of Radio broadcast in 2 May 2007 the radio networks changed their names to "suit the times", here are the 'new' names of the radio services:
- Nasional FM (92.3FM/93.8FM/594AM) - Government information on political issues, religion, news and current affairs, information and culture. Started broadcasting on 2 May 1957 as Radio Brunei was originally called the Malay language service.
- Pilihan FM (95.9FM/96.9FM) - English and Mandarin language covering local information on current affairs, as well as contemporary music. Pre-recorded programmes for the small Cantonese community are also broadcast on this channel on a daily basis. Started broadcasting in 1963.
- Pelangi FM (91.4FM/91.0FM) - Geared for youths and teenagers, with information about educational and religious affairs, as well as music and entertainment. Started broadcasting in 1965. Pelangi FM has always been regarded as the no. 1 radio station in Brunei.
- Harmoni FM (94.1FM) - Family programming, with religion, live local sports coverage and music. Started broadcasting on 1970.
- Nur Islam Network (93.3FM/94.9FM) - Wholly devoted to teachings about Islam. Started broadcasting in 1984.