Radio Television of Kosovo
|Radio Televizioni i Kosovës/Radio Televizija Kosova (RTK)|
Digital: DVB-C, DVB-S, DVB-S2, DVB-T, DVB-T2, IPTV
|Owner||Government of Kosovo|
|Radio Televizioni i Prishtinës|
RTK consists of the television service broadcast on the terrestrial transmitter network and digital satellite (RTK 1, RTK 2, RTK 3, RTK 4 and RTK Sat), and two radio stations, Radio Kosovo and Radio Kosovo 2. RTK operates under UNMIK Regulation 2001/13 as a self-managing organization led by a General Director who is answerable to a non-political Board of Directors.
||This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (November 2009)|
Radio Television of Pristina
Prishtina Radio Television or RTP (Albanian: Radio Televizioni i Prishtinës, Serbian: Радио-телевизија Приштина, Radio-televizija Priština) was the first Albanian television channel in Kosovo. While Radio Pristina started transmission immediately after the World War II in Prizren 1945 (later to be transferred to Pristina) and it was founded by Parliament of Kosovo province, television transmission started on 26 November 1975 RTP was part of JRT and had its building in Kosovo's capital Pristina (then a Yugoslav Autonomous Province). Both radio and television transmitted in Albanian, Serbian and Turkish language. Television discontinued production on Kosovo on 10 June 1989 and was relocated to Central Serbia, later it was dissolved in 1999.
UNMIK/OSCE invites the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) to set up and manage an independent public broadcaster in Kosovo under an MOU with the OSCE. In September 1999 RTK begins transmitting emergency 2-hours a day television service on analogue satellite. October 1999 OSCE transfers the resurrected public radio station Radio Prishtina to RTK. It is re-launched as Radio Kosovo.
The UN radio station Radio Blue Sky becomes part of RTK. Blue Sky is a multi-ethnic station targeting the younger audience. October 2000 technical facilities in television and radio are extensively updated, thanks to a substantial donation from the Government of Japan. In the November 2000 RTK television begins programmed expansion and increases to four hours daily: a weekly news magazine in Serbian is launched, to complement the daily Serbian news. News in Turkish and a weekly Turkish news magazine started.Radio and television begin broadcasting on the new Kosovo Terrestrial Transmission Network.
UNMIK Broadcasting Regulation 2001/13 formally establishes RTK as an independent public service broadcaster with a non-political Board of Directors. The two radio stations begin live audio streaming on their websites to reach a world-wide audience. In July 2001 RTK television increases output to seven hours daily. New programmers include a weekly farming programme, a weekly business magazine and a weekly information programme for the Diaspora. Daily news in Bosnian is introduced. Television transfers from analogue to digital satellite. In September 2001 the Board of Directors is constituted and elects Adem Demaci as Chairman. December 2001 the EBU’s mandate to manage RTK ends. Agim Zatriqi is appointed the first locally-appointed Director General. RTK receives one-year bridging funding from the Kosovo Consolidated Budget, pending the introduction of a public license fee in 2003.
Television increases to fifteen hours daily on terrestrial and satellite. 65% of programming is locally-produced and 35% acquired from foreign broadcasters or production houses. In the January of this month RTK opens its correspondent office in Tirana. In the April starts Morning programme. In the June RTK launches weekly news magazine in Bosnian language ”Most”. In July is launched RTK website rtklive.com. The first postwar Kosovo serial “Modern family started on October. Meanwhile this year for the firs time RTK gives two awards, “Drita Germizaj” award for the best news moderator, and “Rudolf Sopi” award for the best cameramen.
In the beginning of the year was signed Agreement for Cooperation between RTK and EBU. February, respectively march RTK launched campaign for the license fee “Res Publica”. The same month started from work Educative Program. On may RTK launched news bulletin “Info”. The end of the may Center for humanistic studies “Gani Bobi”, carried a survey of audience. Second this survey RTK is most watched television in Kosovo. June, SRSG Michael Steiner, signed UNMIK Administrative Directive on the implementation of license fee about RTK. Another important story for RTK this month, creation of “Big Band”. Auditors report for the closing year 2002 was accomplished by corporate “Deloitte & Touche” on 27 June. September RTK started with another minority language, weekly news magazine in Roma “Yekhipe”. On 15 November RTK opens correspondent office in Tetovo. On December 22 RTK launched 24 hours programme schedule.
In March 2009, RTK's public relations manager, Bukurije Gjonbalaj signed a renewal of the service agreement, under the supervision of EBU's director general, Jean Réeillon. This gave additional underlining of the EBU's continual commitment to the broadcasting service in the region of Kosovo. RTK is now able to broadcast via terrestrial and satellite networks, which also include two radio stations.
In 2013, RTK 2 started broadcasting. Its programmes are focusing on the national minorities, causing RTK 1 to drop all minority language programing.
In 2014, two new channels were founded: RTK 3,which broadcasts news 24/7, and RTK 4, which broadcasts arts and documentaries.
RTK 1 is the market leader and is watched by 92.1% of the population. For the objectivity RTK 1 leads with 73.0%. RTK's main evening news has a 74% share of all television viewing at 7.30pm. In a territory with a high percentage of young people it is important that the public broadcaster appeals to the young as well as the more mature audience and opinion formers.
Radio Kosova also performs well in a competitive market. Of the 85 radio stations in Kosovo, Radio Kosova has the second highest audience with 13% of the population listening each day. Radio Blue Sky targets a narrower youth market but is still the fifth most listened to station with 3.7% daily reach.
26% of daily news programming on television was in minority languages: Serbian, Turkish, Bosnian and Roma. There are Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish and Roma weekly news magazines. From 2013, all minority programmes are broadcast on RTK 2.
- Lajmet in Albanian with Ramize Murtezi Shala (RTK director's wife) (majority programme)
- Vesti in Serbian with Snežana Ćoraj
- Vijesti in Bosnian with Dževahira Koljenović or Sanela Bilalović
- Haber in Turkish with Fatma Hoça or Feride Zeynullah
- Nedeljni kolaž in Serbian, with Nenad Radomirović and Jelena Đurđić
- Mostovi in Bosnian, with Nadira Vlasi
- Mozaik in Turkish with Fatma Hoça
- Yekhipe in Romani with Daut Qulanji or Drita Berisha-Salijević
For the first time in its history RTK appointed executive producer for the minority programmes. Producer Sylejman Shaqiri is in charge for the programmes in the minority languages.
In its live coverage of the Assembly of Kosovo, RTK is the only television station that does not translate non-Albanian speakers. RTK ’s policy is that journalists on all language news desks work together in the television and radio newsrooms, sharing information and facilities.
Radio Kosovo and Radio Kosovo 2
- Program in Serbian, with Anamari Repić
- Program in Bosnian, with Amra Zejneli
- Program in Turkish, with Ekrem Safci
- Program in Romani, with Avdi Mezini
Notes and references
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.|
- Sennitt, Andy (2009-03-20). "EBU renews service agreement with RTK Kosovo". medianetwork. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
- Radio Televizioni i Kosovës Official Website (Albanian) (English) (Serbian) (Bosnian) (Turkish) (Romanian)
- News about Radio Television of Kosovo (Albanian)