Radioflash

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Radioflash is a term used (chiefly in sources from the United Kingdom) in early literature on the phenomena now known more widely as nuclear electromagnetic pulse, or EMP. The term originated in the early 1950s, primarily associated with the "click" typically heard on radio receivers when a nuclear bomb was detonated. It was later discovered that the phenomena was one part of the more wide-ranging set of effects resulting from EMPs after the detonation of nuclear and certain chemical weapons.

Instrumentation failures observed during nuclear weapons testing between 1951 and 1953 were mentioned in declassified military literature as attributed to "radiated radioflash".[1][2] A similar term was first used in the Soviet Union in an early theoretical publication (which contained some errors and was later corrected[3]) on the effects of a nuclear explosion.[4]

The term has also been used in high-energy physics in the description of a type of collective ion acceleration that would take place during intense solar flares.[5]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Keefe, Bernard J., Nuclear Hostages, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1983.
  2. ^ Baum, Carl E., "Reminiscences of High-Power Electromagnetics," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility. Vol. 49, No. 2. pp. 211–218. May 2007. [1]
  3. ^ Gilinsky, Victor, "The Kompaneets Model for Radio Emission from a Nuclear Explosion". RAND Corporation, 1964.
  4. ^ Kompaneets, A.S., "Radio Emission from an Atomic Explosion". Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики), Vol. 35. December, 1958 (in Russian).
  5. ^ Gershtein, S.S., The Collective Acceleration Mechanism of Solar Cosmic Rays. Institute of High Energy Physics, Serpukhov, 1978.