Radisson Blu Royal Hotel, Copenhagen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Radisson Blu Royal Hotel

The Radisson Blu Royal Hotel is a historic hotel in Copenhagen, that was designed by Danish architect and designer Arne Jacobsen for the airline Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) between 1956 and 1960.

Built as the SAS Royal Hotel, the hotel was renamed the Radisson SAS Royal Hotel in 1994, when SAS bought a share in the foreign division of Radisson hotels. When SAS sold their share in 2009, it was renamed the Radisson Blu Royal Hotel, its current name.

At its completion the hotel was the largest in Denmark, at 69.60 meters in height, the first skyscraper in Copenhagen until 1969 and at the same time the tallest building in Denmark. In 2009, it was the seventh highest tower in Denmark.

Design[edit]

The entire hotel – from the exterior façade through to the stainless-steel cutlery used in the restaurant and the Swan and Egg chairs gracing the lobby – was designed by famous Danish architect, Arne Jacobsen. Since most of his work has been replaced by corporate standard fabrics and furniture, the hotel is referred to as Jacobsens' Lost Gesamtkunstwerk. Only a single room has been kept in the original design. It has all of the original, green furniture and the wood panels on the wall. This room, with the number 606, is still available for booking.[1]

Shades of green dominate the entire design. Jacobsen, who was also working as a landscape architect 1955-1960, pursued a "modern garden" theme. He implemented this theme using green textiles and furniture combined with "organic shapes" and rigid geometric forms.[1]

Jacobsen has created several furniture, lighting and textile designs. Some models were later adopted into mass production and have become design classics, which are exhibited in museums worldwide. Others, however, remained unique pieces.

During the design phase sketches of the building where published in Danish newspapers. Critics feared a destruction of the traditional skyline of Copenhagen. The building was compared to a punch card. Jacobsens response was: "it’s funny, for that is actually what it looks like when the windows are open on a hot summer’s day." Another term used was introduced by Jacobsens former associate Erik Møller, who called it the 'glass cigarbox'. The promoter of the international style, Philip C. Johnson, said it was the worst copy of Lever House. Jacobsen responded: "At least, it came in first when they held a competition for the ugliest building in Copenhagen." [2]

Structure[edit]

Structure of the hotel: (1) tower (2) lower building (3) roof of the winter garden (4) roof of the airlline terminal

The structure is twenty stories high and a defining characteristic of Copenhagen's skyline. The structure was inspired by New York Park Avenue structures, namely Skidmore, Owings and Merrill's Lever House. The building's sense of lightness emanates from its Lever House-inspired form with a two-story base supporting its lofty "punch card" tower.

The reinforced concrete frame structure erected in the tower has a curtain wall of aluminum profiles and transparent green and gray anodized glass. The windows can be opened to the inside stories in all.[3] The horizontal distance between the aluminum profiles is 60 cm. Vertical take turns green glass followed by 168 cm 120 cm window is installed. The curtain wall construction Jacobsen at the three-story City Hall was first used in 1955 Rødovre Denmark. The hotel façade differs only from the City Hall by the light green colour of the intermediate elements and some slightly different proportions.[4]

Location[edit]

It is located in the heart of the city, in the Vesterbro district, close to Tivoli and the central station. On a road island outside the hotel is the "Freedom Statue", commemorating the abolition of serfdom in Denmark.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michael Sheridan 2003: The SAS House: Jacobsen's Lost Gesamtkunstwerk, in: Louisiana Museum of Modern Art: Arne Jacobsen. Absolutly Modern p44–49
  2. ^ Jeff Chu: Happy Birthday, Arne Jacobsen in Time
  3. ^ Christian Datz, Christof Kullmann, Martin Nicholas Kunz 2005: Copenhagen Architecture & Design, teNeues, ISBN 3-8327-9077-2. S. 134
  4. ^ Jørgen Sestoft and Jørgen Hegner Christiansen. Guide to Danish Architecture: 1000 to 1960. Copenhagen: Arkitektens Forlag, 1991. 257

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°40′30″N 12°33′47″E / 55.67500°N 12.56306°E / 55.67500; 12.56306