|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
A shandy is beer mixed with a soft drink, carbonated lemonade, ginger beer, ginger ale, or apple juice. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, usually half-and-half. Non-alcoholic shandies are known as "rock shandies". Shandies are more popular in western Europe than other parts of the world.
Variants by name
Biermischgetränke ("beer-based mixed drinks") are popular in Germany. Sometimes, non-alcoholic beer is used, so the drink has no significant alcohol content. A common ingredient of these drinks is German-style carbonated lemonade. Since a 1993 change in German tax law, Biermischgetränke are also sold premixed in bottles.
In Berlin and eastern Germany, the Potsdamer, a 50%/50% mixture of light-coloured beer and flavoured soda, is a popular drink. The soda used in a Potsdamer is flavoured with a shot of raspberry syrup, giving it a red colour. (To follow custom and control the size of the head, one should fill a 0.5-l glass halfway with the soda first, and then pour the beer.)
The Berliner Weisse mit Schuss is made from a light Weißbier (white beer) mixed with a Schuss (shot) of sweet syrup instead of soda. It comes in three standard varieties: the Grün ("green") with Waldmeistersirup, a woodruff-flavoured syrup; the Gelb (yellow) with a shot of Zitronensirup (lemon syrup); and the Rot (red), with a shot of Himbeersirup (raspberry syrup).
In France, a demi-peche combines French beer and a shot of peach syrup.
In Spain, a "clara" is the combination of 50% beer and 50% gaseosa (soda like Sprite) or lemon soda. It is served in a caña glass.
Radler (cyclist) Biermischgetränk has a long history in German-speaking regions. It consists of a 50:50 mixture of beer and German-style lemonade (not American-style lemonade, but sparkling lemon soda, similar but not identical to Sprite or 7 Up).
The invention of Radler has been widely attributed to the Munich gastronomer Franz Xaver Kugler in 1922. However, the recipe had been mentioned as early as 1912. Nowadays, Radler is drunk not only in Bavaria, but also in all of Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Netherlands and Slovenia.
During the summer months, Radler is very popular due to its reputation of being a thirst-quencher.
In New Zealand, the names 'reldar' (Radler spelled backwards) and 'Cyclist' (the literal meaning of Radler) are used because a large corporation has controversially trademarked the word Radler. It was trademarked by DB Breweries for their "Monteith's Radler" beer, which is a citrus-flavoured, full-strength (5%) beer.
A Panache or Panaché (French for mixed) is a draft beer mixed with carbonated lemonade in German-speaking areas of Switzerland and in France. A typical Panaché in the Alsace region contains less than 1% alcohol by volume. For example, the ingredients in the Finkbräu brand of Panaché sold in Alsace by Lidl, a German-based supermarket, are lemonade, antioxidants, flavor, glucose, colorants, and bier with less than a 1% volume of alcohol. A panaché with a shot of grenadine syrup added is called a "Monaco".
In Germany, lager beer mixed with cola is called a Diesel, Colabier, or Gespritzter, with several regional differences in name and composition:
- Hefeweizen mixed with cola is called a Colaweizen.
- Weißbier mixed with cola is called a Flieger (Aviator), Neger (Negro), or Turbo.
- Pilsner or Altbier and cola is a Diesel or Krefelder.
- A Brummbär (grouch) is stout or porter mixed with cola.
- An Altbier Cola is made with Altbier, cola, and a shot of Kirsch.
- A Greifswalder, a popular shandy in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, is made with Köstritzer (a type of dark lager) mixed with cola.
A diesel in the United Kingdom is another name for a snakebite, a combination of half a pint of lager and half a pint of cider, and thus does not meet the definition of a shandy, which needs to include beer and a non-alcoholic drink.
In (mainly southern) regions of the United Kingdom a fir tree normally denotes a very similar drink, usually half-and-half lager and cola, like the German Diesel or Krefelder. The name derives from the Fir Tree, a public house in Oxford where the drink is said to have originated. A variant is the fir tree top - predominantly lager but with a very small quantity of cola added.
A shandygaff is an older British name for beer mixed with ginger beer or ginger ale; the earliest written record of the word dates back to 1853. In H. G. Wells’ comic novel The History of Mr. Polly, Wells refers to shandygaff as "two bottles of beer mixed with ginger beer in a round-bellied jug".
Variants made with added liquor
The Bavaria, Goaßmaß (goat stein) is a 50%/50% or 60%/40% mixture of dark Weizenbier and cola, with a shot of Kirsch. It is served in a one-liter stein called a "Maß". There is also a Goaßhalbe ("half goat"), which is served in a 0.5-liter glass.
Variants made with sparkling wine
The Bismarck, named for a favorite drink of a nineteenth-century German Chancellor, is made with equal amounts of Köstritzer (a Schwarzbier) and champagne. It is served in a beer stein and is similar to a black velvet.
The Bierkut is half Pilsner combined with a mixture of vodka and orange juice.
The Mass und Schuss is a liter of beer served with a schuss (shot of hard alcohol) on the side. The Laterndl is prepared by putting a shot-glass of Kirschwasser (sour cherry brandy) at the bottom of the Mass before pouring in the beer, making it a sort of reverse depthcharge.
The Dr Pepper shandy is a mix of lager with amaretto. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, generally somewhere between three and five parts beer to one part amaretto. The name is derived from Dr Pepper soda, which tastes comparable. A local variant, especially in the UK, is made by mixing equal measures of lager and Coca-Cola, with a shot of amaretto, (including the shot glass), 'dropped' in at the end.
The soju shandy is a Korean version that includes a shot of Korean soju.
Rock or non-alcoholic shandy
- Germany and Austria
In Ireland, a non-alcoholic half-and-half mix of orange soda and lemon soda is popular. It is available as a premixed beverage.
- United States
In the United States a non-alcoholic half-and-half mix of lemonade and iced tea is popular and is known as an Arnold Palmer after the famous golfer with the same name. Created on an ad hoc basis at first, Palmer commercialized the mix and licensed use of his name and image on cans of the drink which are produced and marketed by the Arizona Tea company.
- "Radler". Projekt Gutenberg: Lena Christ, Erinnerungen einer Überflüssigen / 1; first published 1912. Retrieved 2008-12-14.
- "Radler (The Bicyclist): Radler (The Beer)". Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- Law, Tina (25 May 2009). "Backward move in brewers' blue". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Krause, Nick (14 July 2011). "DB wins its battle over Radler beer". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "Shandygaff". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- "Getting to the bottom of lager tops". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "Lager top". Collins Dictionary. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "Drink-drive policeman escapes ban after barman poured him stronger drinks than he asked for". Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- Malawi shandy. Retrieved: 2011-02-01.
- Rock Shandy Retrieved: 2011-02-01.
- Spezi home page Retrieved: 2011-02-01.