Radom County

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Radom County
Powiat radomski
County
Flag of Radom County
Flag
Coat of arms of Radom County
Coat of arms
Location within the voivodeship
Location within the voivodeship
Division into gminas
Division into gminas
Coordinates (Radom): 51°24′N 21°10′E / 51.400°N 21.167°E / 51.400; 21.167Coordinates: 51°24′N 21°10′E / 51.400°N 21.167°E / 51.400; 21.167
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
Seat Radom
Gminas
Area
 • Total 1,529.75 km2 (590.64 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 145,232
 • Density 95/km2 (250/sq mi)
 • Urban 28,942
 • Rural 116,290
Car plates WRA
Website http://www.radompowiat.pl

Radom County (Polish: powiat radomski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Masovian Voivodeship, east-central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Radom, although the city is not part of the county (it constitutes a separate city county). The county contains three towns: Pionki, 22 km (14 mi) north-east of Radom, Iłża, 27 km (17 mi) south of Radom, and Skaryszew, 12 km (7 mi) south-east of Radom.

The county covers an area of 1,529.75 square kilometres (590.6 sq mi). As of 2006 its total population is 145,232, out of which the population of Pionki is 19,788, that of Iłża is 5,165, that of Skaryszew is 3,989, and the rural population is 116,290.

Neighbouring counties[edit]

Apart from the city of Radom, Radom County is also bordered by Białobrzegi County to the north, Kozienice County to the north-east, Zwoleń County to the east, Lipsko County to the south-east, Starachowice County to the south, Szydłowiec County to the south-west and Przysucha County to the west.

Administrative division[edit]

The county is subdivided into 13 gminas (one urban, two urban-rural and 10 rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population.

Gmina Type Area
(km²)
Population
(2006)
Seat
Pionki urban 18.3 19,788  
Gmina Iłża urban-rural 255.8 15,624 Iłża
Gmina Jedlińsk rural 138.7 13,378 Jedlińsk
Gmina Skaryszew urban-rural 171.4 13,356 Skaryszew
Gmina Jedlnia-Letnisko rural 65.6 11,474 Jedlnia-Letnisko
Gmina Zakrzew rural 96.2 11,189 Zakrzew
Gmina Kowala rural 74.7 10,631 Kowala
Gmina Wierzbica rural 94.0 10,093 Wierzbica
Gmina Pionki rural 230.8 9,841 Pionki *
Gmina Wolanów rural 82.9 8,291 Wolanów
Gmina Gózd rural 77.8 8,052 Gózd
Gmina Przytyk rural 134.1 7,067 Przytyk
Gmina Jastrzębia rural 89.5 6,448 Jastrzębia
* seat not part of the gmina

Radom County in the Past[edit]

The history of Radom County dates back to the Middle Ages, when the city of Radom was the seat of a castellany. In the first half of the 14th century, the castellanies were changed into counties, and newly created Radom County became part of Lesser PolandsSandomierz Voivodeship. In 1476, there were seven counties in this voivodeship: Sandomierz, Wislica, Checiny, Opoczno, Stezyca and Radom.

Boundaries of Radom County remained unchanged for centuries, until the Partitions of Poland. At that time, it was much larger than contemporary county: its total area was 5782 sq. kilometers, with such towns, as Ilza, Skaryszew, Szydlowiec, Wierzbnik, Skrzynno, Sieciechow, Solec nad Wisla and Kozienice. Eastern and northern boundaries of Radom County also marked borders of Lesser Poland, in the west, it bordered Opoczno County of Sandomierz Voivodeship, and in the south, Sandomierz County of Sandomierz Voivodeship.

After the third partition of Poland, Radom County became part of Radom Department of the Duchy of Warsaw. In 1816, Sandomierz Voivodeship was recreated, with its seat in Radom. In 1837, Radom County became part of Radom Governorate of Russian-controlled Congress Poland. In the Second Polish Republic, Radom County was part of Kielce Voivodeship (1919–39).

Notes[edit]

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