Radway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 52°07′48″N 1°27′50″W / 52.130°N 1.464°W / 52.130; -1.464

Radway
Radway, Church, house and lychgate.jpg
St Peter's parish church and Lychgate
Radway is located in Warwickshire
Radway
Radway
 Radway shown within Warwickshire
Population 259 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP3748
Civil parish Radway
District Stratford-on-Avon
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Warwick
Postcode district CV35
Dialling code 01295
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Kenilworth and Southam
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Radway is a village and civil parish in Warwickshire about 7 miles (11 km) north-west of Banbury in neighbouring Oxfordshire.

The village is at the foot of Edge Hill and is notable for the Battle of Edgehill, one of the early major engagements of the English Civil War, which was fought in fields around the village and in the adjoining parishes of Ratley and Kineton.

The earliest known record of Radway is in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2] In medieval times its lands were divided between Arbury Priory and Stoneleigh Abbey.

After the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII in the 1530s the lands of Radway were granted to various of Henry's circle, notably the Coke family. As the lands were sold over the following years, the manorial system of Radway broke down.

Radway became a centre of Puritanism during and after the Commonwealth period. Persecution of Radway's Quakers and the jailing of some led eventually to a small group emigrating in the 1680s to a Quaker colony in Gloucester County, West New Jersey. Letters from New Jersey still survive in the local record office.[3]

Radway was enclosed in the 1750s.

The Church of England parish church of Saint Peter was designed by the Gothic Revival architect Charles Buckeridge and built in 1866.[4] The remains of a previous church, dating from the Middle Ages, are still visible.[citation needed] Inside St Peter's are memorials re-set from the previous church. They include the 15th-century effigy of a priest, the effigy of Captain Henry Kingsmill who fought for Charles I and died in the Battle of Edgehill,[4] and the architect Sanderson Miller who died at Radway.[4] St Peter's has a ring of five bells, all cast by Robert Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry in 1868.[5]

The Grange, originally an Elizabethan gentleman's house, but Sanderson Miller extensively re-modelled them in Gothic Revival style, stands below the site of the original Stoneleigh Abbey grange and is still a private house. It was occupied by Douglas Haig before he became Commander in Chief on the Western Front in the First World War. The Grange is now owned by David Richards, chairman of Aston Martin.

The Octagonal Tower

At the top of the ridge adjoining the hamlet of Edgehill is the Octagonal Tower, a folly designed by Sanderson Miller as a scale model of a tower at Warwick Castle. The folly has been a pub since it was built, named in 1817 as the Inniskilling Dragoon, but now the Castle Inn. It is said to stand on the site of another grange complex, known as Ratley Grange, also held by Stoneleigh Abbey.[6]

Radway has a cricket club.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: Stratford-on-Avon (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Salzman, 1949, pages 142-144
  3. ^ Brook, 2010
  4. ^ a b c Pevsner, 1966, page 379
  5. ^ "Radway S Peter". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Page, 1908, page not stated
  7. ^ Radway Cricket Club

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]