Radyvyliv (Ukrainian: Радивилів, Russian: Радивилов, Polish: Radziwiłłów) is a small city in the Rivne Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Radyvyliv Raion (district), and is located south-west of the oblast capital, Rivne, near European route E40. The nearest larger cities are Dubno, and Brody; the latter being 10 km (6 mi) away. In Soviet times, from 1939 to 1992, the city was known as Chervonoarmiysk (Ukrainian: Червоноармійськ, Russian: Червоноармейск). The current estimated population is 10,311 (as of 2001).
In the 14th century, together with whole Volhynia, Radyvyliv was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Following the 1569 Union of Lublin, the town was transferred to the Kingdom of Poland, where it remained for over 200 years. As a result of the Partitions of Poland, Radziwllow, as it was called, became part of the Russian Empire.
During the January Uprising, a unit of Jozef Wysocki operated in the area of Radyvyliv. After World War One, the town returned to Poland, and was part of Dubno County, Volhynian Voivodeship. Its residents were Jewish (50%), Ukrainian (31%), and Polish (17%). During the Volhynian Genocide, ethnic Poles from villages in the area fled to the town, to escape Ukrainian nationalists. Almost all those who survived the slaughter left Radyvyliv, and settled in the People's Republic of Poland’s Recovered Territories.
Previous to the Soviets renaming the town Chervonoarmiysk, it was known as Radziwillow. In the late 1800s, the Jewish population reached 4,000. Between World War I and the civil war between Ukrainian nationalists and Bolsheviks, the Jewish population declined to around 2,000. Various events in World War II caused the remaining Jews to escape elsewhere or be killed by Ukrainian police or German troops.
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