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Rafał Wojaczek (December 6, 1945 – May 11, 1971) was a Polish poet of the postwar generation. He was a son of a respected family in Upper Silesia. His life was marked by abortive studies, alcoholism, depression and suicide attempts, the last one of which was successful. His short career took place during the turbulent years of modern Poland when the younger generation began to realize that they were trapped in a mendacious political system. Other Polish poets and writers with comparable biographies include Edward Stachura, Marek Hłasko and Tadeusz Borowski.
Wojaczek's work translates the political and practical circumstances of life in Poland into universal and existential terms. His lyrical subject is often preoccupied with the brutality of the physical body along with its suffering and pleasures. By placing the physicality and sexuality of the individual in the context of the practical and political he achieves a depth of erotic and existential expression. His work has been compared by some to that of Lautréamont and Rimbaud, but was strongly connected with international trends of his time, particularly confessional poetry and the Beats. His earlier work was chiefly what Robert Lowell would have referred to as "raw," but his late style became well "cooked," with increasing attention to structure and subtle rhyme schemes using for example assonance between related (but not identical) Polish vowels, with no loss of emotional intensity.
Wojaczek debuted with seven poems in the very first issue of the poetry journal Poezja (December 1965). Individual volumes of poetry include:
- Sezon (Season), 1969
- Inna bajka (Another Tale), 1970
- Nie skończona krucjata (Unfinished Crusade), 1972
- Którego nie było (Who Was Not), 1972
- Scott, A. O. (March 31, 2001). "Wojaczek (1999):Film Festival Reviews; A Poet Whose Death Wish Eventually Comes True". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Poezja, vol. 1 issue 1, pp. 66-71 (Warsaw, December 1965)
- Wiersze (Poems), ed. Tadeusz Pióro (Warsaw, Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1999)
- Wiersze zebrane (Collected Poems), ed. Bogusław Kierc (Wrocław, Biuro Literackie, 2005)
- 1999 biographical film by Lech Majewski
- poems with translations by Tomasz Gil
- poems with translations by Jan Kaluza
- A study on Wojeczek's poetry (in English)