|Rafael Franco Ojeda|
|36th President of Paraguay|
February 17, 1936 – August 13, 1937
|Preceded by||Eusebio Ayala|
|Succeeded by||Félix Paiva|
October 22, 1896|
|Died||September 16, 1973
|Political party||Febrerista Revolutionary|
He was accused of trying to unseat General Alfredo Stroessner in November 1956, but he adamantly denied this. He returned to Paraguay in 1957 and until his death in 1973 he was the leader of the Partido Febrerista.
Franco was born in Asunción on October 22, 1896, in the house located at the intersection of streets Chile and Haedo (central area of the city).
He was the son of Mr. Federico Franco and Mrs. Marcelina Ojeda. His father was a professor of mathematics at the School of Agronomy, founded by Moisés Santiago Bertoni (worked in the Botanical Garden, and in 1940 she was transferred to San Lorenzo).
He was married to Deidamea Solalinde. After conducting their basic studies, Franco entered the Military College in 1915. His first assignment, with the rank of second lieutenant, went to Encarnación city Department of Itapua under the command of Colonel Pedro Mendoza. On May 9, 1921, Franco was promoted to first lieutenant Infantry and, on 13 August of the same year he was appointed commander of the Group of machine guns, with a seat in Asunción.
He was commander of the Infantry Regiment Nro.5 General Eduvigis Diaz, sitting in Bahia Negra. On August 13, 1924, Franco was promoted to captain. On February 10, 1926, he was appointed commander of the company cadets of the Military College. He was assigned important tasks, such as training new cadres of officers or troops. In November 1926, he was appointed commander of the Infantry Regiment Nr. 2, with a seat in Villa Hayes.
Thus the career of Franco stood, reaching the Paraguayan Chaco, which would be the scene of its greatest victories. In August 1928, Franco was appointed commander of the Military Aviation School. Later, he took the leadership of Infantry Regiment Nr. 5 General Diaz, with a seat in Bahia Negra. He suffered a leg injury due to an accident in his last years at the Military College, when he fell from a horse in the basement of the Cabildo. His troops called him by the affectionate nickname of "Leon Carê."
Rafael Franco spent more than 20 years outside the country. When he returned to Paraguay, he performed various jobs to survive. At one point, he was a real-estate broker.
His health had been deteriorating in his late 70s. In the last years of his life, he lived in a small room that was originally a garage located in the streets of Herrera. From there, he sometimes walked to a cafe that was located on the Avenue. There he met with old friends and comrades with whom he talked of politics and on military and social issues.
In September 1973, Franco entered the Americano Hospital because of his serious condition and did not come out alive. He was visited by Colonel Arturo Bray, with whom he maintained an enmity over 30 years. Colonel Rafael Franco died on September 16, 1973. One of the largest flower wreaths were sent by Arturo Bray. The inscription read: "To a great patriot."
He was interim president of the Republic since February 17, 1936 until August 13, 1937. Exiled by political issues, its members carried out the movement that the tomb Liberal government of Eusebio Ayala and Franco in power.
Achievements of his Government
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2011)|
- Claim the Ideals of the Revolution Communards and the Independence Revolution
- Proclamation to Mcal. Francisco Solano Lopez National Hero without exemplary
- Fixed the working day of 8 hours per day
- Sets Aguinaldo
- On Sunday rest makes it mandatory
- It establishes that the wage labor include holiday
- Declares National Hero to Tte. 2nd. Adolfo Rojas Silva, first official fallen into the Chaco War
- Provides access to the first Japanese settlers
- To carry out the first Agrarian Reform
- Declare part of the national heritage ruins and colonial art, the reservoir and archaeological objects.
- Establish rights hitherto unrecognized to the workers, their families and s Self Unionization
- It repeals the 1870 Constitution and parliament
- Call a National Constituent Assembly to draft a new and updated Magna Carta.
- Repealing duties on primary and secondary studies
- Make a restructuring and modernizing the FF.AA
- Selling weapons obsolete and worn
- We sought the acquisition of 60 Italian military aircraft, aware of several causes: the poor and poorly equipped army Pyo., A likely new Bolivian adventure, dangerous pretensions of neighbouring countries to Paraguay, which they considered too weak militarily speaking and the serious events that iban appearing in Europe. The order of these aircraft was later rejected by the liberal government that followed the Cnel. Franco, only very few units arrived, the original contract included:
-- 20 FIAT C.R.32 c (were purchased only 5)
-- 04 FIAT C.R.30B (It bought 2)
-- 04 Breda Ba.25 (We bought 3)
-- 03-Bred Ba.25Idro for the Naval Aviation- (was bought only 1)
-- 21 Caproni AP-1 (were purchased 7)
-- 05 Caproni AP-1Idro-for-Naval Aviation (There were not purchased)
-- 03 Caproni Ghibli (It bought 2)
- Delivery decorations and amounts to official army
- Wanted acquisition of the 60 Italian military aircraft, aware of several causes such as: what's wrong and poor equipment ejecito Pyo. A Bolivian provable new adventure, of the dangerous pretensions of countries bordering Paraguay, which they considered very weak militarily speaking, we must also consider the serious events that were appearing in Europe. This repertoire
- End the construction of the Oratory of Our Lady of the Assumption and established as the National Pantheon of Heroes.
- Rescue remnants of Mcal. Lopez and places them in that Pantheon
- Establishes the National Holiday every March 1
- Pension to the war wounded
- Entrego land to poor peasants
- Labour rights for women in special tape
- Payment of wages in cash (the pay was banned in "vouchers" or "silver white")
- Repatriation of hundreds of their compatriots
- Reorganization of the State Merchant Fleet
- Provides for a base price for cotton production
- Frozen for one year's time the prices of rents and leases
- Abolish entrance exams for National Schools
- Pension to Veterans
- Ferrea maintained a stance of not cede any territory conquered by the Paraguayan army in the Chaco War.
- Proposes the country's participation in any oil excavation.
- Ministry of Public Health
- Ministry of Agriculture
- National Association of Indigenous
- National Labour Department
- National Central of Workers (CNT)
- National Union Feminist
- Development Commission and Labour
- Mobilization Committee Civilian
- Bank of the Republic of Paraguay
- Philatelic Section within the Directorate General of Post and Telegraph
- School of Dentistry
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
- New series of banknotes of 5, 10, 50, 100500 and 1000 heavy weights
- Foundations Colony and Ports
- Several hospitals in the country's Interior
- National Association of Ex-combatants (UPV current Chaco) where appoint Franco as his 1st. Pdte.
- Adult Education
- First Civilian Airport
- Hundreds of Schools and Colleges
- The School of Arts and Trades
- Farms-Rural school
- National Revolutionary Union
- 'Foreign Ministry:' Dr. John Stefanich (Chancellor)
- 'Ministry of the Interior:' Dr. Freire Gomez Esteves
- 'Ministry of War and Navy:' Cnel. Arístides Rivas Ortelle
- 'Ministry of Finance:' Dr. Luis Freire Esteves, Alfredo J. Jacquet, Emilio Gardel
- 'Ministry of Justice, Worship and Public Instruction:' Anselmo Jover Peralta, Emilio Gardel, Crescencio Lezcano, Dr. Damian Bruyn
- 'Ministry of Agriculture:' Dr. Bernardino Caballero (grandson of Gral. Bernardino Caballero), William Tell Bertoni
- 'Ministry of Public Health:' Dr. Pedro Duarte Ortelle
- 'Mayor of the City of Asuncion:' Dr. Felipe Molas López (February 2 to October 1936), Dr. Damian Bruyn (October 1936 to June 1937)
He was a founder and historic leader of Febrerista Revolutionary Party, a full member of the Socialist International. He made a brilliant military career, although he won some political issues to be separated from the race, but at the beginning of hostilities with Bolivia was reinstated to the army. He made a brilliant career as a warrior, came to occupy the commander of the Second Corps and conquer Laura important for the Army in defining campaign in part of the Chaco war as Picuiba, Yrendagué and took Carandayty, Charagua and Ingavi.
- Led the Military School and his name became emblematic figure in postwar politics. In the Chaco War, commanded a division of III Corps, which took an important action in the Battle Field Way. At the end of the war, Franco participated in the Victory Parade as commander of the II Corps, where the crowd asuncena received him in the streets with a pleasant greeting.
|President of Paraguay