Raphael Saadiq

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Raphael Saadiq
Raphael Saadiq 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Saadiq at the 2012 Time 100
Background information
Birth name Charles Ray Wiggins
Born (1966-05-14) May 14, 1966 (age 47)
Origin Oakland, California, United States
Genres R&B, soul, neo soul
Occupations Singer-songwriter, producer
Instruments Vocals, bass guitar, guitar, keyboards
Years active 1983–present
Labels Pookie Entertainment, Columbia, Sony
Associated acts Tony! Toni! Toné!, Lucy Pearl, Joi, Joss Stone, Q-Tip
Website www.raphaelsaadiq.com

Raphael Saadiq /səˈdk/ (born Charles Ray Wiggins; May 14, 1966) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, guitarist, and record producer. Saadiq has been a standard bearer for "old school" R&B since his early days as a member of the multiplatinum group Tony! Toni! Toné! He also produced songs of such artists as TLC, Joss Stone, D'Angelo, Mary J. Blige, and John Legend.

He and D'Angelo were occasional members of The Ummah, a music production collective, composed of members Q-Tip and Ali Shaheed Muhammad of A Tribe Called Quest, and J Dilla of the Detroit-based group Slum Village.

Saadiq's critically acclaimed album, The Way I See It, released on September 16, 2008, featuring artists Stevie Wonder, Joss Stone, and Jay-Z, received three Grammy Award Nominations and was voted Best Album on iTunes of 2008. His fourth studio album, Stone Rollin', was released on March 25, 2011.[1] For the album, Saadiq worked with steel guitarist Robert Randolph; former Earth, Wind & Fire keyboardist Larry Dunn; Swedish/Japanese indie rock singer Yukimi Nagano (of Little Dragon fame); Funk legend Larry Graham (on the bonus cut Perfect Storm)[2] plus soul newcomer Taura 'Aura Jackson' Stinson.[3][4]

Music critic Robert Christgau has called Saadiq the "preeminent R&B artist of the '90s".[5]

Early life[edit]

Saadiq was born in Oakland, California, the second-youngest of 14 siblings and half-siblings.[3] His early life was marked by tragedy; he experienced the deaths of several of his siblings as a young child. When Saadiq was seven years old, his brother was murdered. One of his brothers overdosed on heroin and another committed suicide because he was unable to deal with his addiction to the drug. His sister died as a result of a car crash during a police chase in a residential neighborhood. Saadiq states that he does not want his music to be reflective of the tragedies he experienced, saying that "And through all of that I was makin' records, but it wasn't comin' out in the music. I did it to kinda show people you can have some real tough things happen in your life, but you don't have to wear it on your sleeve."[3]

He has been playing the bass guitar since the age of six,[2] and first began singing at age nine in a local gospel group.[6][7] At the age of 12, he joined a group called "The Gospel Humminbirds". In 1984, shortly before his 18th birthday, Saadiq heard about tryouts in San Francisco for Sheila E.'s backing band on Prince's Parade Tour. At the audition, he chose the name "Raphael", and had difficulty remembering to respond to the name when he heard that he got the part to play bass in the band.[3] He says of the experience, "Next thing I was in Tokyo, in a stadium, singin' Erotic City. We were in huge venues with the biggest sound systems in the world; all these roadies throwin' me basses, and a bunch of models hangin' round Prince to party. For almost two years. That was my university."[3]

Career[edit]

1987–99: Tony! Toni! Toné! and The Ummah[edit]

As far back as his work with Tony! Toni! Toné!, Raphael Saadiq has been a singer of doubt, of psychic wounds, of romance undergoing a test.

Ken Tucker, NPR[8]

After returning to Oakland from touring with Prince, Saadiq began his professional career as the lead vocalist and bassist in the rhythm and blues and dance trio Tony! Toni! Toné! He used the name Raphael Wiggins while in Tony! Toni! Toné!, along with his brother Dwayne Wiggins, and his cousin Timothy Christian. In the mid-1990s, he adopted the last name Saadiq, which means "man of his word" in Arabic.[3] His change of surname led many to speculate that he had converted to Islam at that point; in reality, Saadiq is not a Muslim, but rather just liked the way "Saadiq" sounded and changed his last name simply to distinguish himself from and avoid potential confusion with his brother, Dwayne Wiggins.[9] As he confirmed by telling noted R&B writer Pete Lewis of the award-winning 'Blues & Soul' in May 2009, "I just wanted to have my own identity!"[10]

In 1995, Saadiq had his biggest solo hit to date, when "Ask of You", featured on the Higher Learning Soundtrack peaked at #19 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #2 on the R&B chart. In 1995, Saadiq produced and performed on Otis & Shug's debut album, We Can Do Whatever.

Tony! Toni! Toné! would become major R&B superstars throughout the late-1980s and 1990s. However, after the 1996 album entitled House of Music failed to duplicate the group's previous success, Tony! Toni! Toné! went their separate ways in 1997.

1999–2004: Lucy Pearl and first string of solo albums[edit]

In 1999, Saadiq's next big project became the R&B supergroup Lucy Pearl. He recorded the self-titled album with Dawn Robinson (En Vogue) and Ali Shaheed Muhammad (A Tribe Called Quest). The group only lasted for one album.

In 1999, he also collaborated with rapper Q-Tip on the single "Get Involved", from the animated television series The PJs. It samples The Intruders' 1973 song "I'll Always Love My Mama" and charted at number 21 on the US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks.[11]

His 2000 song collaboration "Untitled (How Does It Feel)" won D'Angelo a Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance; it was also nominated for Grammy Award for Best R&B Song.[12] The song was ranked #4 on Rolling Stone's "End of Year Critics & Readers Poll" of the top singles of 2000.[13] D'Angelo's album Voodoo won a Grammy Award for Best R&B Album at the 2001 Grammy Awards.

In 2002, Saadiq founded his own record label, Pookie Entertainment. Among the artists on the label are Joi and Truth Hurts. In 2002, he released his first solo album Instant Vintage, which earned him five Grammy Award nominations. He released a two-disc live album All the Hits at the House of Blues in 2003, and his second studio album Ray Ray in 2004, both on Pookie Entertainment.

2004–present: Expanded output and second string of albums[edit]

Saadiq in 2009

In 2004, Saadiq produced a remix of the song "Crooked Nigga Too" by Tupac Shakur which is featured on the album Loyal To The Game. Other artists he has collaborated with include Whitney Houston, Mary J. Blige, The Isley Brothers, A Tribe Called Quest, Teedra Moses, The Roots, Erykah Badu, Jill Scott, Macy Gray, Angie Stone, Snoop Dogg, Devin the Dude, DJ Quik, Kelis, Q-Tip, Lil' Skeeter, Ludacris, The Bee Gees, Musiq Soulchild, Jaguar Wright, Chanté Moore, Lionel Richie, Marcus Miller, Noel Gourdin, Nappy Roots, Calvin Richardson, T-Boz from TLC, Jody Watley, Floetry, Leela James, Amp Fiddler, John Legend, Joss Stone, Young Bellz, Anthony Hamilton, Babyface, Ledisi, Goapele, Ghostface Killah, —Ginuwine, Stevie Wonder, Earth, Wind & Fire, Bilal, Chali 2na, Larry Graham,[2] Luniz as well as many others. In 2007, Saadiq produced Introducing Joss Stone, the third album of British soul singer Joss Stone. According to J. Gabriel Boylan of The New York Observer, "he's produced artists including Macy Gray, the Roots, D’Angelo, John Legend, Whitney Houston, Mary J. Blige, and more. With all of them he’s pushed a classic aesthetic, heavy on organic sounds and light on studio magic, deeply indebted to the past and distrustful of easy formulas."[14]

Saadiq's third solo album, The Way I See It, released on Columbia Records on September 16, 2008, available in a collector's edition box set of 7" 45 rpm singles as well as on traditional CD, was critically well-received, made several critics' 2008 best albums lists, and garnered three Grammy nominations including Best R&B Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocals (for "Never Give You Up", featuring Stevie Wonder & CJ Hilton); Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance (for "Love That Girl") and Best R&B Album for The Way I See It. Music from The Way I See It was featured in the following motion pictures: Madea Goes To Jail, Bride Wars, Cadillac Records, Secret Life of Bees, In Fighting (Rogue), and It's Complicated.

Saadiq performing at the 2009 Stockholm Jazz Festival, promoting The Way I See It.

Touring with a nine piece band, Saadiq hit the 2009 summer music festival circuit with performances at Bonnaroo, Hollywood Bowl, Outside Lands, Pori Jazz, Stockholm Jazz Festival, North Sea Jazz, Essence Music Festival, Summer Spirit Festival, and Nice Jazz Festival, Bumbershoot Music Festival and Austin City Limits. Saadiq has been touring Europe extensively, and held a five-night residency at the House of Blues in Tokyo, Japan, in June 2009. In 2008, Saadiq formed a new label called Velma Records, a place where he promises "people can express themselves like I did with The Way I See It... where they can dream something up and just go with it".[15]

He produced songs for LeToya Luckett's forthcoming second album Lady Love, released August 2009. In 2009, Saadiq produced "Please Stay" and "Love Never Changes" for Ledisi's August 2009 release "Turn Me Loose". Saadiq also was the executive producer for an emerging group called Tha Boogie. Tha Boogie's first EP was released on iTunes and is titled Love Tha Boogie, Vol. 1 (Steal This Sh*t).

In 2009, Saadiq announced his video game development company called IllFonic. The first video game in development by IllFonic is titled Ghetto Golf, with an expected release late in 2010. In 2009, Saadiq teamed up Bentley Kyle Evans, Jeff Franklin, Martin Lawrence, and Trenten Gumbs to create a new sitcom called Love That Girl! starring Tatyana Ali. Raphael is an executive producer and composer for Love That Girl!. The show is currently in development. In 2010, Saadiq sang as part of the chorus in the 2010 remake of "We Are the World" for Haiti.

2011-present: Stone Rollin'[edit]

Saadiq performing at South by Southwest in 2011, promoting Stone Rollin'.

In 2011, Saadiq was the guitarist/bandleader for the group backing Mick Jagger for Jagger's tribute performance of the Solomon Burke R&B classic, "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love" at the 53rd Grammy Awards in Los Angeles and on CBS. The band that accompanied the performance was Saadiq's touring band called Stone Rollin.[16] In 2011 he and his band performed as the ESPY's house band for the night, where he performed his latest compositions.

Saadiq's 2011 album Stone Rollin' was released to great critical acclaim.[17][18] "He’s always had a boyish enthusiasm for performing, and a flexible, naturally joyous voice that suggests a young Stevie Wonder," wrote Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune, "but with his latest album, Saadiq finds a new gear. The album and his current tour demonstrate that there’s a big difference between retro and classic, and the artist consistently finds himself on the right side of that divide."[19] Kot ranked the album number seven in his year-end list, in which he dubbed it Saadiq's "finest achievement" and stated, "He’s always written songs steeped in soul and R&B, but now he gives them a progressive edge with roaming bass lines and haunted keyboard textures. He’s no longer a retro stylist – he’s writing new classics."[20] Critic Jim Derogatis called it "a stone cold gas of a party disc."[21]

In fall 2011, he performed on the fourth results show of Dancing with the Stars season 13. In December, 2011, he performed a cover compilation of several Neil Diamond songs at the Kennedy Center Honors award ceremony.

In 2012 he signed a deal with Toyota to do a TV commercial for the Toyota Prius. In 2013 Raphael partnered with Bay Area/ Atlanta Production company EL Seven Entertainment/ Republic Records and new R&B Superstar Adrian Marcel and released his 1st promotional mixtape "Raphael Saadiq Presents Adrian Marcel 7 Days of Weak".

Saadiq is a featured bass guitar player on Elton John's 2013 album, The Diving Board.

Discography[edit]

Singles[edit]

Year Song Chart positions Album
U.S. Hot 100 U.S. R&B U.S. Adult R&B UK[23] JP
1995 "Ask of You" 19 2 Higher Learning OST
1999 "Get Involved" (feat. Q-Tip) 67 21 36 The P.J.'s OST
2002 "Be Here" (feat. D'Angelo) 99 68 Instant Vintage
"Still Ray" 79
2004 "Rifle Love" (feat. Lucy Pearl & Tony! Toni! Toné!) Ray Ray
"Chic Like You" (feat. Allie Baba)
2005 "I Want You Back" (feat. Teedra Moses)
2008 "Love That Girl" 45 13 The Way I See It
"Big Easy" (feat. The Infamous Young Spodie & The Rebirth Brass Band)[24]
2009 "100 Yard Dash" 125
"Never Give You Up" (feat. Stevie Wonder & CJ Hilton) 26 4
"Let's Take a Walk"
"Staying in Love" 74 19
2011 "Radio" 115 Stone Rollin'
"Good Man"[25] 52 13
"Stone Rollin'"[26] 81
"Movin' Down the Line" 71 21
"Day Dreams"[27]
"—" denotes the single failed to chart or wasn't released.

Guest appearances[edit]

List of non-single guest appearances, with other performing artists, showing year released and album name
Title Year Other artist(s) Album
"I Found My Everything"[28] 2005 Mary J. Blige The Breakthrough
"We Fight/We Love"[29] 2008 Q-Tip The Renaissance
"All the Money in the World"[30] 2010 Rick Ross Teflon Don
"Balmain Jeans" 2014 Kid Cudi Satellite Flight: The Journey to Mother Moon

Awards[edit]

  • Grammy Awards
    • 2011, Best Traditional R&B Performance "Good Man" (nominated)
    • 2009, Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group "Never Give You Up" (nominated)
    • 2009, Best R&B Album The Way I See It (nominated)
    • 2009, Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance "Love That Girl" (nominated)
    • 2007, Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance "I Found My Everything" (nominated)
    • 2005, Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group "Show Me the Way" (nominated)
    • 2003, Best Urban/Alternative Performance "Be Here" (nominated)
    • 2003, Best R&B Song "Love of My Life (Ode to Hip-Hop)" (winner)
    • 2003, Best R&B Song "Be Here" (nominated)
    • 2003, Best R&B Album Instant Vintage (nominated)
    • 2003, Best Song Written for a Motion Picture of Television Special "Love of My Life (Ode to Hip-Hop)" (nominated)
    • 1995, Best R&B Song "Anniversary" (nominated)
  • Soul Train Awards
    • 2011, Centric Award (winner)
    • 2009, Best Male R&B/Soul Artist (nominated)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raphael Saadiq - Stone Rollin' - austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved on 2011-04-13.
  2. ^ a b c Like A Rolling Stone - Raphael Saadiq Interview with Dan Dodds (aka Soul Jones) May 2011
  3. ^ a b c d e f Batey, Angus (2009-04-24). "One step back, two steps forward". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  4. ^ Raphael Saadiq in-depth interview by Pete Lewis, 'Blues & Soul' April 2011
  5. ^ Christgau, Robert (October 2008). "Raphael Saadiq: The Way I See It". Blender (Alpha Media Group). Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  6. ^ Perry, Clayton (2008-11-27). "Interview: Raphael Saadiq – Singer, Songwriter and Producer". Blog Critics. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  7. ^ Buskin, Richard (June 2009). "Raphael Saadiq: Producing The Way I See It". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  8. ^ Bianculli, David; Tucker, Ken (October 10, 2008). "Saadiq Revisits R&B Past In 'The Way I See It'". Fresh Air. Transcript. NPR. WHYY-FM. http://www.npr.org/player/v2/mediaPlayer.html?action=1&t=1&islist=false&id=95597193&m=95600117. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  9. ^ Lorez, Jeff. "Raphael Saadiq 2008 Interview". SoulMusic.com. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  10. ^ Lewis, Pete. "This Year's Vintage - Pete Lewis Interviews Raphael Saadiq". Blues & Soul. Blues & Soul. Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  11. ^ Whitburn, Joel (December 1, 2004). Top R and B/Hip-Hop Singles, 1942-2004 (5, illustrated ed.). Record Research Inc. p. 507. ISBN 0-89820-160-8. 
  12. ^ Tower.com: Voodoo (EXPLICIT) (CD) by D'Angelo (Artist) Music. Tower.com. Retrieved on 2008-08-08.
  13. ^ Rolling Stone End of year Critic & Readers lists. www.rocklist.net. Retrieved on 2008-08-08.
  14. ^ Boylan, J. Gabriel (September 2008). "Who Will Save R&B?". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2012-09-18. 
  15. ^ Dodds, Dan. "Exclusive UK Interview "INNERVISIONS: Raphael Saadiq talks to Soul Jones"". http://souljoneswords.blogspot.com/2011/05/innervisions-raphael-saadiq-interview.html. 
  16. ^ "Mick Jagger Added To GRAMMY Lineup". grammy.com. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2011. 
  17. ^ Myers, Gina. "Motown Revival – A Review of Raphael Saadiq’s Stone Rollin’". Frontier Psychiatrist. Retrieved 2011-05-10. 
  18. ^ Bentley, Jason. "First Listen: Raphael Saadiq, 'Stone Rollin". NPR. Retrieved 2011-05-13. 
  19. ^ "Concert review: Raphael Saadiq at Park West". Chicago Tribune. 2011-06-04. 
  20. ^ Kot, Greg (December 2, 2011). "Top albums of 2011; Wild Flag top album of 2011". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  21. ^ "Album review: Raphael Saadiq, "Stone Rollin’" (Columbia)". 
  22. ^ "The Official Raphael Saadiq Site". Raphael Saadiq. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  23. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 478. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  24. ^ "Big Easy (Album Version): Raphael Saadiq featuring The Infamous Young Spodie and the Rebirth Brass Band: MP3 Downloads". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  25. ^ "Urban/UAC Future Releases | R&B, Hip Hop, Release Schedule and Street Dates |". Allaccess.com. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  26. ^ "iTunes - Music - Stone Rollin' - Single by Raphael Saadiq". Itunes.apple.com. 2011-02-15. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  27. ^ "Raphael Saadiq - Day Dreams | FMC Hits". Fmchits.nl. 2011-09-12. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  28. ^ Kellman, Andy. "The Breakthrough – Mary J. Blige > Overview". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  29. ^ Bush, John. "The Renaissance – Q-Tip > Overview". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  30. ^ Jeffries, David. "Teflon Don – Rick Ross > Overview". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 

External links[edit]