Ragavardhini

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Ragavardhini (pronounced rāgavardini) has two separate meanings in Indian classical music:

Melakarta[edit]

It is the 32nd melakarta rāgam in the 72 melakarta rāgam system of Carnatic music. It is called Rāgachudāmaṇi in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.[1][2][3]

Structure and Lakshana[edit]

Ragavardini scale with shadjam at C

It is the 2nd rāgam in the 6th chakra Ritu. The mnemonic name is Ritu-Sri. The mnemonic phrase is sa ru gu ma pa dha ni.[2] Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

The notes in this scale are shatsruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, shuddha dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadham. As it is a melakarta, by definition it is a sampurna rāga (has all seven notes in ascending and descending scale). It is the shuddha madhyamam equivalent of Jyoti swarupini, which is the 68th melakarta scale.

Janya rāgas[edit]

Ragavardini has a few minor janya rāgas (derived scales) associated with it. See List of janya rāgas for full list of rāgas associated with Ragavardini.

Related rāgas[edit]

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāga.

Ragavardini's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields Varunapriya melakarta rāga, when the shift of Tonic note is to the madhyamam. See further details and an illustration at Graha bhedam on Ragavardini.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sri Muthuswami Dikshitar Keertanaigal by Vidwan A Sundaram Iyer, Pub. 1989, Music Book Publishers, Mylapore, Chennai
  2. ^ a b Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
  3. ^ Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras