Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar

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Pandit Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar (born 7 January 1891, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh — 1980) was a prominent Indian freedom fighter from Uttar Pradesh who took an active part in the indian national movement and Salt March[1] and held many responsible positions in Indian politics including Member of the Parliament of India and Constituent Assembly in 1952.

Early life[edit]

He was born on 6 January[citation needed] 1891[2] in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh and married Janki on 10 May 1912. He graduated from Calcutta University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English in 1914.In 1916, he graduated from Allahabad University with a Master of Arts and Bachelor of Laws. He later set up his practice at District Court Jhansi.[when?]

Amendment in constitution for Hindi language[edit]

In December 1946, he produced an amendment bill before parliament to work and speak in parliament is in Hindi and then translated in English language for all parliamentary members. On December 10, 1946 He delivered his first major speech in Hindustani. He spoke "People who do not know Hindustani have no right to stay in India. People who are present in this House to fashion out a constitution for India and do not know Hindustani are not worthy to be members of this Assembly. They better leave." He was declared out of order but returned to the seat after a request from J. L. Nehru.

Career[edit]

From 1920 to 1925, he published the Hindi newspapers Swaraja Prapti and Free India. As a result of his involvement with the India freedom movement, Dhulekar was arrested by British forces in 1925.

In 1937, he was elected as Congressman for the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly.[3][4][5]

From 1937 to 1944, he was imprisoned for continuing to participate with the freedom movement. In 1946, he presented a bill to establish Hindi as the India's national language.[6] The bill was passed and ruled that Hindi would become the nation's official language in 1965. However, Hindi was never made the national language as a result of the Anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu.

In 1946, Dhulekar was elected as a member of Constituent Assembly of India. From 1952 to 1957, he served one term[7] as a member of the Parliament of India,1st Lok Sabha.[8][9]

From 1958 to 1964, he was also elected as Chairman of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council.

Books[edit]

  • Shweta-shwatrupanishad Bhashya
  • Prashnapanishad Saral Bhashya
  • Atmadarshi Geeta Bhashya
  • Pillars of Vedant
  • Chaturvedanugami Bhashya
  • Kathopnishad Saral Bhasyha

References[edit]

  1. ^ Siddiqui, A. U. (2004). Indian Freedom Movement in Princely States of Vindhya Pradesh. Northern Book Centre. p. 117. ISBN 8172111509. Retrieved September 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ Selected works of Jawaharlal Nehru, 1972, Jawaharlal Nehru, M. Chalapathi Rau, H. Y. Sharada Prasad, Bal Ram Nanda, Orient Longman
  3. ^ Bala, Poonam (2012). Contesting Colonial Authority: Medicine and Indigenous Responses in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-century India. Lexington Books. p. 182. ISBN 0739170244. Retrieved September 3, 2012. 
  4. ^ Siddiqui, A. U. (2004). Indian Freedom Movement in Princely States of Vindhya Pradesh. Northern Book Centre. p. 83. ISBN 8172111509. Retrieved September 3, 2012. 
  5. ^ Kashmir: constitutional history and documents, p. 275, 1977, Mohan Krishen Teng, Ram Krishen Kaul Bhatt, Santosh Kaul, Light & Life Publishers
  6. ^ Ramachandra Guha (18 January 2004). "Hindi chauvinism". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "MEMBERS OF LOK SABHA". parliamentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  8. ^ Lok Sabha debates, p. 9, 1980, Lok Sabha Secretariat
  9. ^ Uttar Pradesh, p. 400, 2002, Information and Public Relations Department, Uttar Pradesh