Raiano

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Raiano
Comune
Comune di Raiano
Coat of arms of Raiano
Coat of arms
Raiano is located in Italy
Raiano
Raiano
Location of Raiano in Italy
Coordinates: 42°6′12″N 13°48′56″E / 42.10333°N 13.81556°E / 42.10333; 13.81556
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province L'Aquila (AQ)
Area
 • Total 29.09 km2 (11.23 sq mi)
Elevation 390 m (1,280 ft)
Population (1 January 2007)[1]
 • Total 2,990
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Demonym Raianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 67027
Dialing code 0864
Patron saint Saint Venantius
Saint day 18 May
Website Official website

Raiano is a town and comune of the province of L'Aquila in the Abruzzo region of Italy.

Geography[edit]

Raiano is located at 390 metres (1,280 ft) above sea level, on the western side of the Peligna Valley. In his Naturalis Historia, Pliny the Elder subdivided the Peligna region and its people into three categories: Paelignorum Corfinienses, Superequani et Sulmonenses. Raiano lies in the Corfinienses region on the south side of the Aterno river valley, only 3 kilometres (2 miles) from the remains of the ancient city of Corfinium.

History[edit]

The Villa Ragiani, or Castrum Radiani, was raised on the hill of Castellone in the Middle Ages, with the earliest references appearing in 872. This little village, that in the 10th century hosted for a short time emperors Otto I and Otto III, was ruled throughout the Middle Ages by the feudal events of the surrounding area and the Kingdom of Sicily, subject to the successive reigns of the Normans, the Hohenstaufen, the Angevins, and the Aragonese.

It maintained a notable importance, however, thanks to the barracks in the north-western Peligna Valley and its strategic position along the old Celano-Foggia Path and the ancient Via Tiburtina Valeria. The old town was deserted in the second half of the 15th century, after many earthquakes.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.