Raiford, Florida

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Raiford, Florida
Town
Raiford City Hall
Raiford City Hall
Location in Union County and the state of Florida
Location in Union County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°3′46″N 82°14′13″W / 30.06278°N 82.23694°W / 30.06278; -82.23694Coordinates: 30°3′46″N 82°14′13″W / 30.06278°N 82.23694°W / 30.06278; -82.23694
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Union
Area
 • Total 0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
 • Land 0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 131 ft (40 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 187
 • Density 374/sq mi (133.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 32026, 32083
Area code(s) 386
FIPS code 12-59400[1]
GNIS feature ID 0289434[2]

Raiford is a town in Union County, Florida, United States. The population was 187 at the 2000 census. As of 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 193.[3]

Geography[edit]

Raiford is located at 30°3′46″N 82°14′13″W / 30.06278°N 82.23694°W / 30.06278; -82.23694 (30.062892, -82.236999).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 187 people, 68 households, and 48 families residing in the town. The population density was 356.7 people per square mile (138.8/km²). There were 76 housing units at an average density of 145.0 per square mile (56.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.42% White, 14.97% African American, 1.07% Native American, and 0.53% from two or more races.

There were 68 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the town the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,000, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $32,708 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,684. About 34.0% of families and 36.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.2% of those under the age of eighteen and 29.4% of those sixty five or over.

Additional information[edit]

Raiford is the site of a Masonic lodge, Raiford Lodge #82, under the jurisdiction of The Grand Lodge of Florida.

Raiford is also the home of both Union Correctional Institution and Florida State Prison, which is next door. Both house inmates in Death Row facilities, but only Florida State Prison does executions. UCI is an open-population correctional institution with short-term non-violent inmates who work on the institution's farms and do road cleanup jobs, whereas FSP houses the violent and criminally insane, all in solitary confinement, along with Death Row. The penitentiary compound encompasses over fifty acres (200,000 m²) and includes a farm where much food is grown that feeds inmates. The prison is the subject of the Lynyrd Skynyrd song "Four Walls of Raiford". This prison was shown in an episode of the 1960s television series The Fugitive.

Although there are many other correctional facilities in the state, among many persons in Florida the term "Raiford" is a metonym for incarceration in Florida State Prison, the "big house."[citation needed] Only FSP is called a "prison." All others are called correctional institutions.

Nearby are the state's training facilities for Correctional Officers (CO's), some housing for CO's, and the warden's house.

References[edit]