Raigarh

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Raigarh, C.G
रायगढ़,छ.ग.
City
Raigarh, C.G is located in Chhattisgarh
Raigarh, C.G
Raigarh, C.G
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
Coordinates: 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4Coordinates: 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4
Country  India
State Chhattisgarh
District Raigarh
Elevation 219 m (719 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 150,019
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Chhattisgarhi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 496 001
Area code(s) 7762
Vehicle registration CG 13
Sex ratio 1000/985 /
Website www.raigarh.gov.in

Raigarh is a city and municipal corporation in the Raigarh district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is the administrative headquarters of Raigarh district. Raigarh is known for its coal reserves and power generation for the state as well as the country.

It is a rapidly growing industrial city and home to the Mohan Jute Mill, one of the oldest jute mills in India and the only one in Madhya Pradesh prior to the splitting off of Chhattisgarh in 2000. Raigarh is also a major producer of steel and iron ore as well as the cultural and industrial capital of Chhattisgarh.

History[edit]

Main article: Raigarh State

Prior to Indian Independence, Raigarh was capital of Princely State of Raigarh.[1] After the independence of the country, the princely state was the first ones to join the Union of India. The Royal family still resides here, but due to Privy Purse and internal conflicts, the royalty seems to have faded away.[original research?] Moreover, the palace - Moti Mahal - is in very bad shape. It has recently been declared a heritage site by the state government.

Geography and climate[edit]

Raigarh is located at 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4.[2] It has an average elevation of 215 metres (705 feet). The Kelo river flows through the city, which is one of its main water sources.

The minimum - maximum temperature range is 29.5 - 49 °C in summer, and 8 - 25 °C in winter.

Language and demographics[edit]

Languages spoken are Chhattisgarhi, Hindi, Marwari and Oriya. The demographics of the city consist mainly of people from Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Bihar. A sizeable community of Bengali, Telugu and Marathi speaking people also live here.

As of 2001 India census,[3] Raigarh district had a population of 12,69,925,[4] and the city of Raigarh a population of 364,287. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Raigarh has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 62%. About 80% of the population are Hindus, 15% Christians and remaining 5% are other religions. In Raigarh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Naya Raigarh[edit]

'Naya Raigarh' (New Raigarh) involves the transformation of old Raigarh into a better planned and a laid out town. Located around National Highway 216, it lies 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the south-east of the old town of Raigarh and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the proposed NTPC Lara-Pussore site. Kodatarai Airport (the future domestic airport of Chhattisgarh) separates the old Raigarh, new Raigarh and the NTPC site. Naya Raigarh will serve as the industrial capital of the state and also cater to the infrastructure needs of industry and trade in the region. Naya Raigarh is spread over an area of about 600 acres (240 ha) and includes a number of villages of which Kodatarai village forms the core of the Naya Raigarh. About half of the total acquired land is being used for afforestation, roads, parks, public conveniences, water facilities-canals, green belts etc. 23 percent of the land will be reserved for educational institutions, government offices and public auditoriums etc. 30 percent of the land will be designated for residential and economic use.

Culture[edit]

Raigarh is a cultural city known for its Kathak dance and classical music. Raja Chakradhar Singh of Raigarh made prominent contributions to the development of Kathak Dance. Every year on Ganesh Chaturthi a festival called 'Chakradhar Samaroh' is organized in which music and dance exponents from all over India visit and display their arts. This event is organized in memory of Raja Chakradhar Singh.

Economy[edit]

Raigarh is well known for its 'kosa' or tasar, a kind of fine silk created by the silk worm feeding on mulberry fruit.

Kosa Silk culture at Kosabadi

Most of the public buildings in Raigarh were built by Seth Kirodimal[clarification needed Who or what is this?] and afterwards made part of a charitable trust. These include the district government hospital, Mahatma Gandhi Eye Hospital, Kirodimal Polytechnic College, Kirodimal Degree College and many others. Raigarh is home to the world's second largest and India's largest sponge iron plants and 62 other industries. It has become a growing industrial hub for the steel market. Jindal Steel and Power Limited operate the world's largest sponge iron and steel plant 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Raigarh city while 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city is Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd.

Raigarh is an old city and the marketplace is congested with narrow and curving roads. More than 50 sponge iron plants have already been started in the vicinity of Raigarh. The new Raigarh consists of various shopping complexes, broad four-lane roads, 3 star hotels, and much more.

Dhokra or bell metal casting is world acclaimed art form of Raigarh. Based in the village of Ektal, the bell metal structures are noted for their aesthetic value.

Tendu patta[clarification needed What is this?] collection is one of major sources of income for villagers while Raigarh District is a major producer of rice.

Black Dust Pollution and its impact on Medicinal Flora in Raigarh
Victim of Fluorosis in Raigarh

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Raigarh is a station on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. It comes under Bilaspur railway division. All express and some superfast trains stop here, while Gondwana express and Janshatabdi express originate at Raigarh. It is well connected with many major cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Kota, Patna, Ahmedabad, Jaipur etc., while for other destinations it has to depend upon Bilaspur railway station, which is a regional rail hub connected to every part of country and 132 km from Raigarh. The main railway station Raigarh is near the heart of the city. Kirodimal Nagar railway station is another suburb station of Raigarh city.

Airport[edit]

Raigarh Airport near Kondatarai is 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from the city center. The State Government signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Airports Authority of India (AAI) in July 2013 to develop Raigarh Airport as the state's second airport for domestic flights.[5] A Four Lane road is proposed on NH 216 which will connect the airport to the city more efficiently. A private airport owned by the Jindal Steel and Power Limited is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-west of the city. The Chhattisgarh state government and the Airport Authority of India (AAI) may sign an agreement for setting up a full-fledged airport at Raigarh at a cost of Rs 260 crore. AAI is expected to develop the proposed airport in two phases, with Rs 158 crore being spent on the first phase. The authority expects to complete the project in three to four years. Once the airport becomes operational, flights of ATR-72 aircraft, which can seat 70 to 80 people, would be started initially. AAI would introduce flights of bigger aircraft, with seating capacity for 200 people as and when the traffic increases and the airport is fully operational. The state government may allocate 600 acre of land to the AAI for developing the airport. As of now, Raigarh has an air strip, which is primarily used for small aircrafts and choppers but once the airport is developed, it would give a fillip to the industrial activity in and around the district. The airport would promote air connectivity and help in boosting the state's economy.

Media[edit]

News channels[edit]

Many local news channels are Broadcast from Raipur in Hindi :

News Channels Language
Zee 24 Chhattisgarh Hindi
ETV MP Chhattisgarh Hindi
Sadhna News Hindi
Sahara Samaye Hindi
CG 24 News (Cable Network) Hindi
Abhi Tak (Cable Network) Hindi

Newspaper[edit]

Many national and local newspapers are published from Raigarh in Hindi:

Newspaper Language
balaji Hindi
Nava Bharat Hindi
Deshbandhu Hindi

References[edit]

  • Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely states aur Jamindariyaa (Vaibhav Prakashan, Raipur1, ISBN 81-89244-96-5)
  • Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes (Mansi publication, Delhi6, ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8)
  1. ^ "Raigarh State". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909. pp. 45–47. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raigarh
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ Raigarh District Official Website
  5. ^ "Chhattisgarh's second airport worth Rs 280 crore in Raigarh soon". The Times of India. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.