Raikot

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Raikot
city
Punjab
Raikot
Raikot
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°39′N 75°36′E / 30.65°N 75.6°E / 30.65; 75.6Coordinates: 30°39′N 75°36′E / 30.65°N 75.6°E / 30.65; 75.6
Country  India
State Punjab
District Ludhiana
Elevation 235 m (771 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 24,738
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 141109
Telephone code 01624
Vehicle registration PB 56

Raikot is a city and municipal council in Ludhiana district in Indian state of Punjab.

History[edit]

Raikot, the walled city,[clarification needed][see Reference] was founded by Rai Ahmad in 1648.[citation needed][see Reference]

One story about the leader of the city Rai Kalha III, the Muslim Rajput chief of Raikot, says that he once had the opportunity to offer his hospitality to Guru Gobind Singh, the founder of Sikhism, in 1705, at the risk of losing everything, including his life and that of his family. In appreciation and gratitude,Guru Gobind Singh gave him a Ganga Sagar[1][clarification needed], a sword, and a wooden rehel[clarification needed] (used for reading religious scriptures) as personal gifts for his brevity and courage.[citation needed][see References- Kalha Rai]

During the era of the British Raj, the Kuka movement in August 1871 led to the hanging of three persons in the city for trying to get cow slaughter houses closed.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 Indian census,[2] Raikot had a population of 24,738. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Raikot has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 62%. Population is a mixture of Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Muslims.

Geography[edit]

Raikot is located at 30°39′N 75°36′E / 30.65°N 75.6°E / 30.65; 75.6.[3] It has an average elevation of 235 metres (770 feet).

References[edit]

See KALHA RAI,GANGA SAGAR Mahan Kosh p311, p550,p1037. Encyclopaedia Of Sikhism by Prof Harbans Singh-Punjabi University Patiala, vol II p416 Anand Sarowar, Bhag 4, p110-112. Anand Chamatkar, Bhag 10, p167-169. Chiefs Of Punjab 1890, 1909, 1940, Ludhiana Dist Gazette 1888,1904, 1935. Guru Kian Saakhian-Piara S Padam, Malwa Itehaas 1954 by Sant Sipahi Vasakha Singh Janaitpura