The Rail Band, formed in 1970, is one of the most popular groups in the history of Malian music; it was later known as Super Rail Band, Bamako Rail Band or, most comprehensively and formally, Super Rail Band of the Buffet Hotel de la Gare, Bamako. Its fame was built upon the mid-20th century craze for Latin — especially Cuban — jazz music which came out of Congo in the 1940s. The Rail Band was one of the first West African acts to combine this mature Afro-Latin sound with traditional instruments and styles. In their case, this was built upon the Mande Griot praise singer tradition, along with Bambara and other Malian and Guinean musical traditions. Their distinctive sound came from combining electric guitar and jazz horns with soaring Mandinka and Bamabara lyrical lines, African and western drums, and local instruments such as the kora and the Balafon. At their height of fame in the 1970s, the Rail Band played to sold out venues and even stadia across West Africa, and launched solo careers for many of its members, including the legendary vocalist Salif Keita.
The first incarnation of the Rail Band was founded in 1970, sponsored by the Ministry of Information and the railway administration. The Malian government had, since the '60s, been sponsoring cultural events and groups to promote national traditions, the Rail Band was among those programs. The band performed as the house band at the Buffet Bar of the Station Hotel in Bamako, from which it takes its name. Beginning as a Latin Jazz band in the style of Congolese Soukous, it soon began integrating local Manding musical styles and traditions, with vocals in the Bambara language. From early on the band featured electric guitar, electric organ, saxophone, horns, and a western drum kit alongside Mande music using kora, balafon, Ngoni, talking drums, Islamic-style, Mande hunter co-fraternity song, and Griot praise-singing vocals .
The Rail Band's lead singer in the 1970s was Salif Keita, who left the band to join the rival Super Ambassadeurs and then follow a successful solo career in 1982. The group soon became a training ground for many of Mali's most popular performers, like singer Mory Kanté and guitarist Kante Manfila. Guitarist Djelimady Tounkara has been a member of the band for most of its history. The band, changing personnel many times, continues to perform around the world.
- 1970 : Sunjata (Bärenreiter-Musicaphon )
- 1976 : Melodias Rail Band du Mali (Kouma)
- 1976 : Concert "Rail Band" du Mali (Kouma)
- 1976 : Melodias "Rail Band" du Mali (Kouma)
- 1977 : Orchestre du Buffet Hôtel de la Gare de Bamako (HNLX 5179)
- 1979 : Affair Social (Sacodis LS-25)
- 1985 : New Dimensions in Rail Culture (Globestyle)
- 1994 : Super Rail Band de Bamako/ Djougouya Magni (Indigo)
- 1996 : Mansa (Indigo)
- 2003 : Kongo Sigui (Indigo)
- Super Rail Band. Banning Eyre, Afropop Worldwide (2001).
- New and Old Music from Rail Band guitarist Djelimady Tounkara. Cora Connection (2002).
- African Legends: Super Rail Band. Bruce Miller. globalrhythm.net (November 6, 2006).
- Super Rail Band (aka New Dimensions In Rail Culture) Super Rail Band Of The Buffet Hotel De La Gare De Bamako. Review. Chris May, All About Jazz (2006).
- Super Rail Band: Hear my train a-comin'. Philip Sweeney. The Independent (London). (4 July 2003).
- The Unsinkable Mali Sound; Super Rail Band, Traore Ride a West African Groove. Fernando Gonzalez. The Washington Post - Washington, D.C. July 11, 2001.
- Bembeya Jazz v Super Rail Band. Barbican, London. The Guardian, Tuesday 8 July 2003.
- Super Band Supreme: The outstanding return of Super Rail Band de Bamako. Bob Tarte. Miami News Times. January 22, 2004.
- FROM THE MOTHERLAND: Getting on track with Mali's Super Rail Band. Tom Cheyney. L.A. Weekly. July 25, 2002.
- CRITIC'S NOTEBOOK; African Music Is Here, And It's Now. BEN RATLIFF. New York Times. July 6, 2001.
- WORLD MUSIC REVIEW; All the Variety of Africa, Played at a Genteel Pace. JON PARELES. New York Times. July 16, 2002