Track gauge in South America

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Track gauges
General concepts
Track gauge · Break-of-gauge ·
Dual gauge · Conversion (list·
Bogie exchange · Variable gauge
By transport mode
Tram · Rapid transit · High-speed rail
Miniature · Scale model
By size (list)
Graphic list of track gauges

Broad
  Brunel 2,140 mm (7 ft 14 in)
  Indian 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
  Iberian 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)
  Irish and
Pennsylvania trolley
1,600 mm
1,588 mm
1,581 mm
(5 ft 3 in)
(5 ft 2 12 in)
(5 ft 2 14 in)
  Russian 1,524 mm
1,520 mm
(5 ft)
(4 ft 11 2732 in)

  Standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Narrow
  Scotch 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)
  Cape, CAP, Kyōki 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  Metre 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Three foot, 900 mm,
and Swedish three foot
914 mm
900 mm
891 mm
(3 ft)
(2 ft 11 716)
(2 ft11 332 in)
  Two foot six inch,
Bosnian, and 750 mm
762 mm
760 mm
750 mm
(2 ft 6 in)
(2 ft 5 1516 in)
(2 ft 5 12 in)
  Two foot and 600 mm 610 mm
603 mm
600 mm
597 mm
(2 ft)
(1 ft 11 34 in)
(1 ft 11 58 in)
(1 ft 11 12 in)

Minimum
  Fifteen-inch 381 mm (15 in)
By location
North America · South America · Europe
World map, rail gauge by region

Argentina and Chile use 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) (Indian gauge) as well as 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) or metre gauge.

Brazil uses 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) (known as "Irish gauge", most common for passenger services and a few corridors in the Southeast) and 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) (known as "narrow gauge" or "metre gauge", most common for cargo services). Exceptions are the Estrada de Ferro do Amapá North of the River Amazon, which has 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge and the new Line 5 of São Paulo Metro, which also uses standard gauge.

Argentina (partly), Paraguay, Uruguay and Peru use standard gauge. In the past a few lines in Northern Chile also had standard gauge, as the only international railway between Arica (Chile) and Tacna (Peru) a bit more than 60 km has standard gauge. The El Cerrejón Coal Railway in Colombia and the Venezuelan Railways are also 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in).

There are and were also some lines using different narrow gauges, see the "narrow gauge" section in this list

See also[edit]