Rail transport in Catalonia

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Girona rail station
Trinitat Nova metro station

Rail transport in Catalonia operates on three rail gauges and services are operated by a variety of public operators:[1]

Transport authorities[edit]

Catalan transport authorities map.

Transport authorities are interadministrative voluntarily corporations responsible of coordinate a public transport system. Nowadays there are four transport authorities in Catalonia:

Rodalies Barcelona[edit]

Main article: Rodalies Barcelona
New Cornellà station entrance
112 FGC train stock

Rodalies Barcelona Rodalies de Catalunya.svg FGC.svg is the principal element of Barcelona metropolitan area transport and in some municipalities of Girona and Tarragona.

There are 15 lines (R1-R2-R3-R4-R7-R10-S1-S2-S5-S55-S1-S8-S33-R5-R6) operated by:

Mitjana distància[edit]

Lleida–La Pobla Line
PK Hour
0 Lleida Pirineus Mainline rail interchange Rodalies de Catalunya.svg 0:00
Segre River
Madrid–Barcelona HSR (Lleida branch)
Madrid–Barcelona railway
2 To Vilanoveta Junction
Pla de Vilanoveta
Lleida–Manresa–Barcelona railway
to L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Autovía A-2
6.7 Alcoletge
C-13
11.8 Vilanova de la Barca
16.4 Térmens
22.2 Vallfogona de BalaguerDodgerBlue flag waving.svg
C-53
26.1 Balaguer 0:29
Segre River
30.3 GerbDodgerBlue flag waving.svg
35.9 Sant Llorenç de Montgai
41.7 Vilanova de la SalDodgerBlue flag waving.svg
Camarasa Reservoir
44.8 Santa LinyaDodgerBlue flag waving.svg
C-12
55 Àger
63.4 Cellers-Llimiana
68.2 Guàrdia de TrempDodgerBlue flag waving.svg
72.4 Palau de Noguera-TalarnDodgerBlue flag waving.svg
77 Tremp
C-13
84.2 Salàs de PallarsDodgerBlue flag waving.svg
89.8 La Pobla de Segur 1:50


Line 1 train between Calella and Sant Pol de Mar

Mitjana distància or Media distancia Renfe (in catalan or castilian) Logo, Renfe Media distancia.PNG (also called Catalunya Exprés: Ca lines) there are 9 lines (Ca1-Ca2-Ca3-Ca4-Ca5-Ca6-Ca7-R43-L7). Those lines go all around of the four catalan provinces and some of them go to Zaragoza (Aragón) and Castelló de la Plana and València in País Valencià. Lines are operated by:

  1. ^ All Barcelona trains start in Estació de França, Sant Andreu Comtal or Barcelona Sants.
  2. ^ That line was traspassed to U.N. Rodalies and now is considered a Rodalies Barcelona line 3 enlargement.
  3. ^ That line was traspassed to FGC but is operated by Renfe Operadora.[5]

Llarga distància[edit]

Estrella train
Talgo 350 - AVE
Trenhotel Salvador Dalí
Euromed to València Nord station
Alaris to Silla (València).
Arco García Lorca to Alzira (València).

Llarga distància or Larga distancia (in catalan or castilian) LD.PNG are Renfe lines that used other Renfe lines, mitjana distància or Rodalies, and connect Catalonia with other Spanish towns or European cities. Some of them are high speed lines.[6]

  • Estrella (120 km/h):
    • Costa Brava: Madrid Chamartín · Alcalá de Henares · Guadalajara · Sigüenza · Arcos de Jalón · Calatayud · La Puebla de Híjar · Casp · Flix · Móra la Nova · Reus · Tarragona · Sant Vicenç de Calders · Barcelona Sants · Granollers Centre · Caldes de Malavella · Girona · Flaçà · Figueres · Llançà · Portbou · Cervera de la Marenda
    • Galicia: Barcelona Sants · Tarragona · Reus · Lleida-Pirineus · Montsó-Riu Cinca · Saragossa-Delicias · Tudela de Navarra · Castejón de Ebro · Logronyo · Burgos · Palència · Lleó · Astorga · Ponferrada · O Barco de Valdeorras · A Rúa-Petín · San Clodio-Quiroga · Monforte de Lemos >
      • La Corunya branch: Sarria · Lugo · Curtis · Betanzos-Infesta · La Corunya-San Cristóbal
      • Vigo branch: Ourense-Empalme · Guillarei · O Porriño · Redondela de Galícia · Vigo
    • Pío Baroja: Barcelona Sants · Tarragona · Reus · Lleida-Pirineus · Montsó-Riu Cinca · Saragossa-Delicias >
      • Bilbao branch: Tudela de Navarra · Castejón de Ebro · Calahorra · Logronyo · Miranda de Ebro · Llodio · Bilbao-Abando
      • Asturias branch: Tudela de Navarra · Castejón de Ebro · Calahorra · Logronyo · Miranda de Ebre · Burgos · Palència · Sahagún · Lleó · Pola de Lena · Mieres-Puente · Oviedo · Gijón-Jovellanos · Gijón-Cercanías
      • Hendaia branch: Tudela de Navarra · Castejón de Ebro · Tafalla · Pamplona · Alsasua · Zumárraga · Beasaín · Tolosa · Sant Sebastià · Irun · Hendaia
      • Salamanca branch: Tudela · Castejón de Ebro · Calahorra · Logronyo · Miranda de Ebro · Burgos · Palència · Valladolid-Campo Grande · Medina del Campo · Cantalapiedra · Salamanca
  • Alvia
    • Barcelona-Sants · Camp de Tarragona · Lleida Pirineus · Saragossa-Delicias · Tudela · Castejón de Ebro · Tafalla · Pamplona · Vitoria-Gasteiz · Miranda de Ebro · Burgos · Palencia · Sahagún · León · Astorga · Bembibre · Ponferrada · O Barco de Valdeorras · A Rua-Petín · San Clodio-Quiroga · Monforte de Lemos · Ourense-Empalme · O Porriño · Redondela · Vigo

Alta Velocidad Española[edit]

High speed lines are operated by Renfe in a commercial branch called Alta Velocidad Española (AVE). Those lines run in new standard gauge railways.

102-014 stock to Montblanc station

Railway gauge[edit]

Canviador d'ample.jpg

Most of catalan railway gauge is broad gauge, as in the other parts of Spain, and the new railways are build in standard gauge for being able to connect with European railways. That's why there are some stations where trains can change the gauge. For the moment there are only two stations in Catalonia that have that machinery:

Metropolitan railways[edit]

Main article: Metro de Barcelona
Barcelona metro map

There are 11 metropolitan lines in Barcelona (L1-L2-L3-L4-L5-L6-L7-L8-L9-L10-L11) operated by:

  • Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona: 7 underground lines, one of them in old spanish broad gauge (line 1), the others have standard gauge.
    • L1 (Opened on 1926 called Ferrocarril Metropolità Transversal de Barcelona) Hospital de Bellvitge - Fondo
    • L2 (Opened on 1995) Paral·lel - Badalona Pompeu Fabra
    • L3 (Opened on 1924 called Gran Metropolità de Barcelona) Zona Universitària - Trinitat Nova
    • L4 (Opened on 1973) Trinitat Nova - La Pau
    • L5 (Opened in 1969) Cornellà Centre - Vall d'Hebron
    • L9 (Line 9 will open partially on September 2009 and totally in 2014) Aeroport-Terminal sud - Can Zam
    • L10 (Line 9 branch) Zona Franca ZAL - Gorg
    • L11 (Opened in 2003) Trinitat Nova - Can Cuiàs
  • Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya:
    • Metro del Vallès:
      • L6 (Opened in 1863) Plaça Catalunya - Reina Elisenda.
      • L7 (Opened in 1954) Plaça Catalunya - Avinguda Tibidabo.
    • Metro del Baix Llobregat:
      • L8 (Opened in 1912) Plaça Espanya - Molí Nou-Ciutat Cooperativa.
Metro de Barcelona
Name Color Terminal Terminal Opened First
service
Operator Km Stations Time
(m)
Gauge
(mm)
L1 Red Hospital de Bellvitge Fondo 1926 1926 Logometrobcn.svg TMB 20'7 30 35 1674
L2 Purple Paral·lel Badalona Pompeu Fabra 1995 1959 Logometrobcn.svg TMB 13'5 17 24 1435
L3 Green Zona Universitària Trinitat Nova 1924 1924 Logometrobcn.svg TMB 18'5 26 36 1435
L4 Yellow Trinitat Nova La Pau 1973 1926 Logometrobcn.svg TMB 16'7 22 36 1435
L5 Blue Cornellà Centre Vall d'Hebron 1959 1959 Logometrobcn.svg TMB 16'6 23 37 1435
L6 Navy blue Plaça Catalunya Reina Elisenda 1929 18634 Logotip FGC.png FGC 5'2 9 14 1435
L7 Brown Plaça Catalunya Avinguda Tibidabo 1954 18634 Logotip FGC.png FGC 4'63 7 10 1435
L8 Pink Plaça Espanya Molí Nou-C.C. 2000 1912 Logotip FGC.png FGC 12 11 21 1000
L9 Orange Terminal Sud Can Zam 2009-14 - Logometrobcn.svg TMB 47'8 39 (51) - 1435
L10 Light blue Gorg Polígon Pratenc 2009-14 - Logometrobcn.svg TMB - 32 - 1435
L11 Light green Trinitat Nova Can Cuiàs 2003 2003 Logometrobcn.svg TMB 2'1 5 6 1435

Territory[edit]

Nowadays there are 32 comarques with some kind of service, 14 of those have Rodalies Barcelona and/or FGC services. There are comarques that have mitjana distància stations or llarga distància and 9 comarques without ferrocarril service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trenscat, Catalan trains web (Catalan)
  2. ^ Rodalies map
  3. ^ Xarxa FGC
  4. ^ Mitjana Distància Renfe map
  5. ^ Ministeri de Foment. «Traspàs de la línia de la Pobla de Segur».Nota del traspàs PDF (55.2 KB) (Spanish)
  6. ^ Llarga distància Renfe (Spanish)