Rail usage statistics by country

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Rail network divided by area of country

This article gives rail usage statistics by country according to the International Union of Railways and other sources.

Passenger rail[edit]

All figures include passenger rail only, thus including suburban railways, but excluding metros.

Passenger-km of rail transport per year[edit]

Countries with more than 5 billion passenger-km

Country Billion
passenger-km
Year
India India 1,098.10[1] 2013
 China 1,059.56 2013[2]
European Union European Union 397.8 2011
Japan Japan 395.1[3] 2011
Russia Russia 139.8 2011
France France 88.1 2011
Germany Germany 82.4 2012
United Kingdom United Kingdom 59.7[4] 2013
Ukraine Ukraine 50.6 2011
Egypt Egypt 40.8 2010
Italy Italy 40.6 2011
United States United States 27.6[5] 2010
Spain Spain 22.7 2011
South Korea South Korea 21.6 2011
Pakistan Pakistan 20.6 2010
Indonesia Indonesia 20.3 2010
Switzerland Switzerland 19.4 2013[6]
Iran Iran 17.9 2011
Taiwan Taiwan (Republic Of China) 17.9 2011
Netherlands Netherlands 17.1 2012
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 16.6 2011
Poland Poland 15.7 2011
South Africa South Africa 13.9 2007
Belgium Belgium 10.8 2011
Austria Austria 10.4 2011
Denmark Denmark 10.1 2011
Argentina Argentina 8.6 2010
Belarus Belarus 7.9 2011
Thailand Thailand 7.5 2011
Bangladesh Bangladesh 7.3 2010
Czech Republic Czech Republic 7.3 2012
Sweden Sweden 6.4 2011
Turkey Turkey 5.9 2011
Hungary Hungary 5.8 2011
 World 2,883 2011

Source:[7][8]

Passengers carried in rail transport per year[edit]

Countries with more than 100 million passengers

Country Million passengers Year Notes/Reference
Japan Japan [9] 22,670 2010 [10]
India India 8,900 2011

Railway Budget 2012

Germany Germany 2,370[11] 2009 DB: 2,016 (2013)
China China 2,106 2013 [2]
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,610 2013 ATOC services: 1,587.8[12] (2013–14)
NI Railways: 10.7[13] (2011/12)
Eurostar: 9.7[14] (2011)
France France 1,077 2010 [10]
South Korea South Korea 1,061 2010 [10]
Russia Russian Federation 948 2010 [10]
Italy Italy 622 2010 ,[10]
Spain Spain 570 2010 RENFE: 464[15](2012)
FGC: 80[10] (2010)
Euskotren: 27[10] (2010)
FEVE: 9[10] (2010)
South Africa South Africa 530 2007 [10]
Ukraine Ukraine 494 2010 [10]
Switzerland Switzerland 477 2013 [16]

Swiss Federal Railways: 366[10] (2013)
BLS: 57[10] (2012)
SOB: 13 (2012)[17]
SZU: 13 (2013)[18]
RhB: 10 (2012)
Zentralbahn 7 (2011)
MGB 6 (2013)

United States USA 476 2013 [19]Includes commuter rail only. Excludes Amtrak
Egypt Egypt 451 2008 [10]
Netherlands Netherlands 324 2010 [10]
Belgium Belgium 220 2009 [10]
Austria Austria 262 2012 [10]
Denmark Denmark 198 2010 [10]
Taiwan Taiwan 190 2010 [10]
Poland Poland 189 2010 [10]
Czech Republic Czech Republic 163 2010 [10]
Portugal Portugal 132 2012
Hungary Hungary 109 2010 [10]
Mozambique Mozambique 108 2010 [10]

Modal ratio[edit]

Modal ratio of railway transport (excluding metro) compared to other modes of transport.

Country modal
ratio
[%]
year
 Belgium 6.9 2006[20]
 Austria 9.8 2006[20]
 Bulgaria 5.4 2006[20]
 Croatia 4.4 2006[20]
 Czech Republic 6.9 2006[20]
 Denmark 9.0 2006[20]
 Estonia 1.7 2006[20]
 Finland 4.9 2006[20]
 France 9.2 2006[20]
 Germany 7.7 2006[20]
 Greece 1.6 2006[20]
 Hungary 12.6 2006[20]
 Indonesia 6.3 2005[21]
 Ireland 5.1 2006[20]
 Italy 5.5 2006[20]
 Japan 27 2000[22]
 Latvia 5.1 2006[20]
 Lithuania 1.0 2006[20]
 Luxembourg 3.9 2006[20]
 Macedonia 1.7 2006[20]
 Netherlands 8.3 2006[20]
 Norway 4.5 2006[20]
 Poland 6.7 2006[20]
 Portugal 4.4 2006[20]
 Romania 9.3 2006[20]
 Slovenia 3.2 2006[20]
 Slovakia 5.9 2006[20]
 Spain 5.3 2006[20]
 Sweden 8.2 2006[20]
  Switzerland 19.0 2012[23]
 Turkey 2.5 2006[20]
 United Kingdom 5.9 2006[20]
 United States 0.3 2004[20]

Passenger km per head of population[edit]

Only countries with five billion or more passenger km are included.

Country Kilometers/year Year
 Japan 3,084
  Switzerland 2430.9 2013[16][23]
 France 1,370
 Denmark 1,329
 Austria 1,245
 Russia 1,220
 Ukraine 1,150
 Belarus 1,030
 Belgium 1,009
 Netherlands 940
 Germany 910
 Kazakhstan 880
 Italy 780
 India 777
 United Kingdom 770
 Hungary 690
 Czech Republic 660
 People's Republic of China 653
 South Korea 650
 Sweden 620
 Egypt 550
 Spain 460
 Poland 450
 Republic of China 410
 Romania 380
 Iran 180
 Argentina 170
 Pakistan 160
 Thailand 150
 Indonesia 110
 Turkey 80
 United States 80

Freight rail[edit]

Freight rail by billions of tonne-kilometers[edit]

Tonne-km of selected carriers in European Union, 2003

Countries with more than 10 billion tonne-km, only revenue-earning traffic is included (not gross traffic).

Country Billion tonne-kilometers Year
 China 2,917.4 2013[2][24]
 United States 2,469[25] 2010
 Russia 2,011 2010
 India 668[26] 2011
 Canada 323[25] 2011
 European Union 300 2010
 Brazil 268 2010
 Ukraine 218 2010
 Kazakhstan 197 2009
 South Africa 113 2008
 Germany 105.9 2012
 Mexico 69.2 2009
 Australia 64.2 2010
 Belarus 42.7 2009
 Poland 34.3 2010
 France 22.8 2010
 Uzbekistan 22.2 2009
 United Kingdom 21.2 2007
 Austria 21.1 2009
 Japan 20.4 2010
 Iran 20.2 2010
 Latvia 17.2 2010
 Czech Republic 13.6 2010
 Lithuania 13.4 2010
 Italy 12.0 2010
 Argentina 12.0 2010
 Colombia 11.9 2008
  Switzerland 11.8 2013[16]
 Turkmenistan 11.8 2009
 Sweden 11.5 2006
 Turkey 11.0 2010

Source: UIC database

Freight rail by million-ton[edit]

Countries with more than 100 million tonnes

Country Million-ton Year
 People's Republic of China 3.967 2011[2]
 United States 1,820[5] 2007
 Russian Federation 1,109 2009
 India 1010 2012[27]
 Brazil 460 2008
 Ukraine 433 2010
 Germany 415 2010
 Canada 289 2010
 Australia 261 2010
 Kazakhstan 248 2009
 South Africa 176 2007
 Belarus 134 2009
 Poland 128 2010
 Austria 110 2009
 United Kingdom 104 2007

Source: UIC database

Freight Modal share (in all kinds of transport)[edit]

Country modal
share
[%]
year
 Russia 65 2006[20]
 Latvia 61 2008[28]
 People's Republic of China 58 2006[20]
 Estonia 45 2008[28]
 US 42 2006[20]
 Lithuania 42 2008[28]
 Austria 37 2008[28]
  Switzerland 36 2012[23]
 Sweden 35 2008[28]
 Finland 27 2008[28]
 Poland 24 2008[28]
 Czech Republic 23 2008[28]
 Slovakia 23 2008[28]
 Germany 22 2008[28]
 Bulgaria 21 2008[28]
 Hungary 21 2008[28]
 Japan 20 2000[22]
 Romania 19 2008[28]
 EU 18 2008[28]

Freight rail by tonne-kilometer per capita[edit]

Country Tonne-kilometer per capita Year
 Russia 12,599
 Canada 10,517
 United States 9,165
 Australia 2,308
 People's Republic of China 2,150
  Switzerland 1477 2013[16][23]
 Germany 1,060
 European Union 782

Brief railway statistics by country[edit]

An important stage to use the brief traffic data according to UIC in 2007 and (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita).

Rank Country area pop Av GDP Rail co Net km Dbl km El km HSR km Loco. No. pkm tkm HS. PKm train weight Pass. % Frt. % Pass/ pop % P. fare F. tariff Elec % income %
1  Russia 17.09 143 16 RZD 128 36 48 1.3 20101 173 2090 14 2528 42 67 9.1 4 2 80 107
2  Germany 0.36 82 35 DB 34 18 20 1.2 74 91 22 410 10 17 22.4 11 3 60 109
3  France 0.55 62 34 SNCF 29 16 14 1.8 81 40 48 496 16.8 12 4 105
4  Japan 0.38 127 34 JR 20 8 12 2.5 253 23 79 368 29 69.6 100 124
5  South Korea 0.1 48 28 KNR 3 1 2 0.32 32 11 10 472 20.4 20 106
6  UK 0.24 61 37 NR 16 5 0.3 48 21
7  Taiwan (Republic Of China) 0.036 23 31 TRA 1 0.67 0.69 0.33 9 1 77
8  Spain 0.51 45 31 Renfe 15 5 9 1.27 21 11 4 105
9  Italy 0.3 59 31 FS 16 7 12 0.82 45 21 9 96
10  Turkey 0.78 74 13 TCDD 9 04 1.9 0.25 6 10 572 24 69
11   Switzerland 0.041 8 43 SBB 4 2 3 15 13 442 40.9 100 103
12  Iran 1.6 71 11 RAI 7 1 0.15 0.25 400 13 21 0 1088 4 7 0.3 0.4 2 1 62
13  USA 9.6 302 47 AMTK 227 2820 5254 42 34 2 1 128
14  Egypt 1 73 6 ENR 5 1.5 0.07 41 4 6.1 80
15  India 3.28 1132 3 IR 63 17.4 17.8 696 481 1614 5.5 2 8
16  China 9.6 1342 6 CR 91 33 36 5 19000 876 2764 46
17  World 149 6400 10 United Nations 900 250 240 9 2468 9486 178 1677 10 20 50
18  Poland 0.31 38 17 PKP 19 9 12
19  South Africa 1.22 48 10 SAR 24 2 8 3421 14 109 2700 11
20  Kazakhstan 2.72 16 11 KTZ 14 5 4 1727 14 191
21  Brazil 8.54 189 10 29 0.5 2394 232
22  Pakistan .796 169 3 PR 7 0.3 544 26 6
23  Austria 0.08 40 OBB
24  Morocco 0.44 32 4 ONCFM 2 0.6 1 4 6 915 0.8 89

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/stat_econ/IRSB_2012-13/PDF/Statistical_Summary/Summary%20Sheet_Eng.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d (Chinese) "2013年铁道统计公报"
  3. ^ http://www.mlit.go.jp/k-toukei/60/monthly/railwaydata.xls MLIT: Summary of table : Passengers Carried by Railways (9/2012)
  4. ^ http://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/browsereports/12
  5. ^ a b Pocket Guide to Transportation 2013, page 15, Commuter + Amtrak
  6. ^ "Passenger transport performance" (web page) (in English, German, French, or Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  7. ^ UIC Synopsis 2011
  8. ^ UIC database
  9. ^ http://www.mlit.go.jp/k-toukei/10/annual/n2-2suii.xls
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "UIC database". Retrieved 2013-01-23. 
  11. ^ http://www.wissen.de/175-jahre-deutsche-eisenbahn-von-475-000-zu-237-milliarden-fahrgaesten
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "Eurostar sales boosted by visitors from outside EU". BBC News. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  15. ^ http://www.railfaneurope.net/list/spain.html
  16. ^ a b c d "Mobility and Transport: Key figures" (web page) (in English, German, French, or Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  17. ^ http://www.sob.ch/unternehmen/ueber-uns/in-zahlen.html
  18. ^ http://www.szu.ch/unternehmen/zahlen-fakten.html
  19. ^ "APTA 4th Qtr Report 2013". 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag "EU Transport in Figures; Statistical Pocketbook". European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport; Eurostat. 2007. 
  21. ^ "High Speed Train Project in Indonesia (Jakarta - Surabaya corridor)" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation. 
  22. ^ a b "Transportation by Railway" (PDF). JR East. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Mobility and Transport: Pocket Statistics 2014" (PDF) (Official publication) (in English, German, French, or Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  24. ^ "Railway Statistical Bulletin for 2011". Ministry of Railway, People's Republic of China. Retrieved February 15, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b "UIC world rail statistics for 2010" (Press release). Retrieved October 20, 2011. "The combined freight traffic of USA and Canada is 2791 billion tonne-km" 
  26. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/stat_econ/pdf/ANNUAL_REPORT_ACCOUNTS_ENG_2011_12/5.pdf
  27. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/business/news/economy/railways-enter-one-billion-plus-club-in-freight-loading_73315.html
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-DK-10-001/EN/KS-DK-10-001-EN.PDF Eurostat Pocketbook - Energy, transport and environment indicators - 2010 edition