Railway station types in Germany

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The railways in Germany use several abbreviations to differentiate between various types of stops and stations.

Current usage[edit]

  • BfBahnhof (railway station), defined as a place where trains may start, end or change directions, and that has at least one set of points.
  • HbfHauptbahnhof, the main or central station of a town or city. Also the only abbreviation commonly found on station timetables and signs.
  • PbfPersonenbahnhof (passenger station), usually used to differentiate in places that have several types of stations, but only one passenger station.
  • FbfFernbahnhof (long distance station).
  • RbfRangierbahnhof (marshalling yard).
  • GbfGüterbahnhof (freight station).
  • BhfBetriebshof (locomotive depot).
  • BftBahnhofsteil (part of a station), used when a station consists of distinct facilities, for example a Pbf and a Rbf.
  • HpHaltepunkt, (halt) a passenger stop that does not fit the requirements to be a Bf. Defined as allowing passengers to board and disembark from trains at a place where no set of points is in the vicinity.

Other abbreviations[edit]

These are not real stations per se, but sometimes are the result of transforming a derelict station:

  • AbzwAbzweig (branch-off point)
  • AnstAnschlußstelle (industrial siding)
  • AwanstAusweichanschlußstelle (refuge siding), a single-ended siding where trains are put aside whilst trains on the main line pass. Often linked to an industrial siding.
  • SlstSchiffslandestelle (ship's dock)
  • ÜstÜberleitstelle (crossover)