Rainbow (Iceland)

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Founded March 2013
Ideology Environmentalism,[1][2]
Political position Left-wing
Colours Red, Yellow, Green, Blue, Purple, Orange
Seats in the parliament
0 / 63
Politics of Iceland
Political parties

Rainbow (Icelandic: Regnboginn) is a eurosceptic and socialist political party in Iceland, founded in March 2013 by former MP Bjarni Harðarson, previously elected for the Progressive Party, as well as current MPs Jón Bjarnason and Atli Gíslason, both dissidents from the Left-Green Movement (VG). The party intends to exist only to contest the 2013 Icelandic parliamentary election.[3]

They successfully applied for the list letter J to contest the 2013 parliamentary election,[5][6] and subsequently submitted an official candidate list on 12 April 2013.[7]


In 2012, the year prior to the formation of the new party, Bjarnason and Gíslason left VG to sit as independents. On March 16, 2013, Thorstein Bergsson, a candidate for the Left-Green Movement, announced he was leaving the party and joining Rainbow, saying he was disappointed by the party's position on the EU.[8] The party subsequently announced Bergsson would have the number two spot on the party's list in the Northeast constituency.[8]


The party seeks to address what they call "the most pending issue in Icelandic society today: the imminent accession to the European Union."[3] It is a eurosceptic party, with Left-Green MPs Jón Bjarnason and Atli Gíslason having left their previous party over disagreements regarding VG's policy towards NATO and the European Union.[1] On other issues, they emphasize the need for equal pay for women, increasing the child benefit, expanding preventive healthcare, and breaking up large corporations.[2][4] The party supports a mixed economy, dominated by the public sector and complimented by local private sector businesses.[4]

Electoral results[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
2013 2,021 1.07
0 / 63


  1. ^ a b c d "Atla Gíslason and Bjarni Harðarson prepare to run the election with a new party" (in Icelandic). Mbl.is. 10 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Rainbow presents program" (in Icelandic). RÚV. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d The Reykjavík Grapevine Election Guide 2013, The Reykjavík Grapevine, April 5, 2013
  4. ^ a b c "Rainbow rejects liberalism" (in Icelandic). Mbl.is. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Bjarni Harðarson leads the list in the South constituency" (in Icelandic). Mbl.is. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Thorstein Bergsson leading the Rainbow candidate list in Northeast" (in Icelandic). Smugan. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "All lists of candidates submitted" (in Icelandic). Ruv.is. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Thorstein Bergsson leaves VG" (in Icelandic). RÚV. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 

External links[edit]