This article relies largely or entirely upon a . single source (April 2010)
Optical media types
Compact Disc (
CD): CD-DA, CD-ROM, CD-R, CD-RW, 5.1 Music Disc, Super Audio CD ( SACD), Photo CD, CD Video ( CDV), Video CD ( VCD), Super Video CD ( SVCD), CD+G, CD-Text, CD-ROM XA, CD-i
DVD: DVD-R, DVD+R, DVD-R DL, DVD+R DL, DVD-R DS, DVD+R DS, DVD-RW, DVD+RW, DVD-RAM, DVD-D, DVD-A, HVD, EcoDisc Blu-ray Disc (
BD): BD-R & BD-RE Universal Media Disc (
UMD) Enhanced Versatile Disc (
EVD) Forward Versatile Disc (
FVD) Holographic Versatile Disc (
HVD) China Blue High-definition Disc (
HD DVD: HD DVD-R, HD DVD-RW, HD DVD-RAM High definition Versatile Multilayer Disc (
MD, Hi-MD Laserdisc:
LD, LD-ROM Video Single Disc (
VSD) Ultra Density Optical (
UDO) Stacked Volumetric Optical Disk (
SVOD) Five dimensional disc (
5D DVD) Nintendo optical disc (
Rainbow Books are a collection of Compact Disc format specifications.
Red Book (1982) [ edit ]
CD-DA ( Digital Audio) – standardized as IEC 60908
Yellow Book (1988) [ edit ]
CD-ROM ( Read-Only Memory) – standardized as ECMA-130 and ISO/IEC 10149
CD-ROM XA ( eXtended Architecture) – a 1991 extension of CD-ROM
Orange Book (1990) [ edit ]
Orange is a reference to the fact that red and yellow mix to orange. This correlates with the fact that CD-R and CD-RW are capable of audio ("Red") and data ("Yellow"); although other colors (other CD standards) that do not mix are capable of being burned onto the physical medium.
Orange Book also introduced the standard for multisession writing.
CD-MO ( Magneto-Optical)
CD-R ( Recordable) alias CD-WO ( Write Once) alias CD-WORM ( Write Once, Read Many) – partially standardized as ECMA-394
CD-RW ( ReWritable) alias CD-E ( Eraseable) – partially standardized as ECMA-395
Beige Book (1992) [ edit ]
Scarlet Book (1999) [ edit ]
Purple Book (2000) [ edit ]
optical disc (OD) formats are sometimes unofficially referred to as Black Book formats.
See also [ edit ]
ISO 9660, a 1986 filesystem standard used in conjunction with CD-ROM formats.
, a decision, named after the Compact Disc standard, issued in 2009 by the German Federal Court of Justice on the interaction between patent law and standards Orange-Book-Standard
External links [ edit ]