Rain Man

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Rain Man
Rain Man poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Barry Levinson
Produced by Mark Johnson
Screenplay by Barry Morrow
Ronald Bass
Story by Barry Morrow
Starring Dustin Hoffman
Tom Cruise
Valeria Golino
Music by Hans Zimmer
Cinematography John Seale
Edited by Stu Linder
Production
company
Star Partners II, Ltd.
Guber-Peters Company
Distributed by United Artists
Release dates
  • December 16, 1988 (1988-12-16)
Running time 133 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $25 million
Box office $354,825,435.[1]

Rain Man is a 1988 American drama film directed by Barry Levinson and written by Barry Morrow and Ronald Bass. It tells the story of an abrasive and selfish yuppie, Charlie Babbitt (Tom Cruise), who discovers that his estranged father has died and bequeathed all of his multimillion-dollar estate to his other son, Raymond (Dustin Hoffman), an autistic savant, of whose existence Charlie was unaware.

In addition to the two leads, Valeria Golino stars as Charlie's girlfriend, Susanna. Morrow created the character of Raymond after meeting Kim Peek, a real-life savant; his characterization was based on both Peek and Bill Sackter, a good friend of Morrow who was the subject of Bill, an earlier film that Morrow wrote.[2] Rain Man received overwhelmingly positive reviews at the time of its release, praising Hoffman's role and the wit and sophistication of the screenplay.

The film won four Oscars at the 61st Academy Awards (March 1989), including Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Actor in a Leading Role for Hoffman. Its crew received an additional four nominations.[3] The film also won the Golden Bear at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival.[4]

Plot[edit]

Charlie Babbitt is in the middle of importing four Lamborghinis to Los Angeles for resale. He needs to deliver the vehicles to impatient buyers who have already made down payments in order to repay the loan he took out to buy the cars, but the EPA is holding the cars at the port due to the cars failing emissions regulations. Charlie directs an employee to lie to the buyers while he stalls his creditor.

When Charlie learns that his estranged father has died, he and his girlfriend Susanna travel to Cincinnati, Ohio in order to settle the estate. He learns he is receiving the classic 1949 Buick Roadmaster convertible, over which he and his father fought, and his father's rosebushes, but the bulk of the $3 million estate is going to an unnamed trustee. Through social engineering he learns the money is being directed to a mental institution where he meets his older brother, Raymond Babbitt, of whose existence he was previously unaware.

Raymond has autism and adheres to strict routines such as always watching The People's Court. He has superb recall but he shows little emotional expression except when in distress. Charlie spirits Raymond out of the mental institution and into a hotel for the night. Susanna becomes upset with the way Charlie treats his brother and leaves. Charlie asks Raymond's doctor, Dr. Gerald R. Bruner for half the estate in exchange for Raymond's return, but he refuses. Charlie decides to attempt to gain custody of his brother in order to get control of the money.

After Raymond refuses to fly back to Los Angeles because he remembers every airline crash and is worried about getting hurt they set out on a cross-country road trip together. During the course of the journey, Charlie learns more about Raymond, including that he is a mental calculator with the ability to instantly count hundreds of objects at once, far beyond the normal range of human subitizing abilities. He also learns that, like him, Raymond loves The Beatles. It is revealed that Raymond actually lived with the family when Charlie was young and he realizes that the comforting figure from his childhood, whom he falsely remembered as an imaginary friend named "Rain Man", was actually Raymond.

They make slow progress on their cross country trip because Raymond insists on sticking to his routines, which include watching Judge Wapner on television every day and getting to bed by 11:00 PM. He also objects to traveling on the interstate after they pass a bad accident.

After the Lamborghinis are seized by his creditor, Charlie finds himself $80,000 in debt and hatches a plan to return to Las Vegas, which they passed the night before, and win money at blackjack by counting cards. Though the casino bosses are skeptical that anyone can count cards with a six deck shoe, after reviewing security footage they ask Charlie and Raymond to leave. However, Charlie has made enough to cover his debts and has reconciled with Susanna who rejoined them in Las Vegas.

Back in Los Angeles, Charlie meets with Dr. Bruner, who offers him $250,000 to walk away from Raymond. Charlie refuses and says that he is no longer upset about what his father left him, but he wants to have a relationship with his brother. At a meeting with a court-appointed psychiatrist (Levinson, in an uncredited cameo), Raymond is shown to be unable to decide for himself what he wants. Charlie stops the questioning and tells Raymond he is happy to have him as his brother.

In the final scene, Charlie brings Raymond to the train station where he boards an Amtrak train with Dr. Bruner to return to the mental institution. Charlie promises Raymond that he will visit in two weeks.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

A now-abandoned gas station and general store in Cogar, Oklahoma was used in a scene from the film.

Roger Birnbaum was the first studio executive to give the film a green light; he did so immediately after Barry Morrow pitched the story. Birnbaum received "special thanks" in the film's credits.[3]

Agents at CAA sent the script to Hoffman and Bill Murray, envisioning Murray in the title role and Hoffman in the role eventually portrayed by Cruise.[2] Martin Brest, Steven Spielberg, and Sydney Pollack were directors also involved in the film.[5]

Principal photography included nine weeks of filming on location.[6] Other portions were shot in the desert near Palm Springs, California.[7]:168–71

Almost all of the principal photography occurred during the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike; one key scene that was affected by the lack of writers was the film's final scene.[2] Bass delivered his last rough cut of the script only hours before the strike started and spent no time on the set.[5]

Release[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Rain Man was overall positively received by critics, with Hoffman's performance being universally praised. It currently boasts a 90% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes with an average score of 7.7. [8] Vincent Canby of The New York Times called Rain Man a "becomingly modest, decently thought-out, sometimes funny film"; Hoffman's performance was a "display of sustained virtuosity . . . [which] makes no lasting connections with the emotions. Its end effect depends largely on one's susceptibility to the sight of an actor acting nonstop and extremely well, but to no particularly urgent dramatic purpose."[9] Canby considered the "film's true central character" to be "the confused, economically and emotionally desperate Charlie, beautifully played by Mr. Cruise."[9]

Amy Dawes of Variety wrote that "one of the year's most intriguing film premises ... is given uneven, slightly off-target treatment"; she calls the road scenes "hastily, loosely written, with much extraneous screen time," but admired the last third of the film, calling it a depiction of "two very isolated beings" who "discover a common history and deep attachment."[6]

One of the film's harshest reviews came from New Yorker magazine critic Pauline Kael: "Everything in this movie is fudged ever so humanistically, in a perfunctory, low-pressure way. And the picture has its effectiveness: people are crying at it. Of course they're crying at it – it's a piece of wet kitsch."[10]

Roger Ebert gave the film three and one half stars out of four.[11]

Box office[edit]

Rain Man debuted on December 16, 1988, and was the second on the weekend's box office receipts (behind Twins), with $7 million.[12] It reached the first spot on the December 30 – January 2 weekend, finishing 1988 with $42 million.[13] The film would end up as the highest-grossing film of 1988 with $172 million in the U.S alone. The film grossed 412 million dollars worldwide.[14]

Awards[edit]

Rain Man won Academy Awards for Best Picture; Best Actor in a Leading Role (Dustin Hoffman); Best Director; and Best Writing, Original Screenplay. It was nominated for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (Ida Random, Linda DeScenna); Best Cinematography (John Seale); Best Film Editing; and Best Music, Original Score.[15]

The film was nominated for twenty-four other ceremonies, including the Golden Globes, in which it won Best Motion Picture in the drama genre and Best Actor (Dustin Hoffman), and was nominated for Best Director (Barry Levinson) and Best Screenplay (Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow).

Effect on popular culture[edit]

Rain Man '​s portrayal of the main character's condition has been seen as inaugurating a common and incorrect media stereotype that people on the autism spectrum typically have savant skills, and references to Rain Man, in particular Dustin Hoffman's performance, have become a popular shorthand for autism and savantism. Conversely, Rain Man has also been seen as dispelling a number of other misconceptions about autism and improving public awareness of the failure of many agencies to accommodate autistic people and make use of the abilities they do have, regardless of whether they have savant skills.[16]

The film is also known for popularizing the misconception that card counting is illegal in the United States.[17]

A 2008 Bollywood film, Yuvvraaj, is loosely based on this movie.

The character Alan (Zach Galifianakis) in the 2009 film The Hangover learns how to count cards from a book and mentions he's like Ray in this film. Later in the film, Alan and the character Phil (Bradley Cooper) play the blackjack tables in the casino at Caesar's Palace, the scene paying homage to this film, from the way the two stand on the escalator to the song "Iko Iko".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=rainman.htm
  2. ^ a b c Barry Morrow's audio commentary for Rain Man from the DVD release.
  3. ^ a b Rain Man at the Internet Movie Database
  4. ^ "Berlinale: 1989 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-03-13. 
  5. ^ a b Bass' audio commentary for Rain Man from the DVD release.
  6. ^ a b Rain Man, Variety, December 14, 1988
  7. ^ Niemann, Greg (2006). Palm Springs Legends: creation of a desert oasis. San Diego, CA: Sunbelt Publications. p. 286. ISBN 978-0-932653-74-1. OCLC 61211290.  (here for Table of Contents)
  8. ^ "Rain Man (1988)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b December 1988 review from The New York Times
  10. ^ Kael, Pauline. Rain Man at Metacritic, The New Yorker (Feb. 1989)
  11. ^ Rain Man review Ebert, Roger
  12. ^ "Weekend Box Office: December 16–18, 1988". Box Office Mojo. 
  13. ^ "Weekend Box Office: December 30 – January 2, 1988". Box Office Mojo. 
  14. ^ Rain Man at Box Office Mojo
  15. ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-07-31. 
  16. ^ Treffert, Darold. "Rain Man, the Movie/Rain Man, Real Life". 
  17. ^ Rose, I. Nelson; Loeb, Robert A. (1999). Blackjack and the Law. Rge Pub. ISBN 978-0-910575-08-9. 

External links[edit]