Șoldănești District

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Șoldănești
District (Raion)
Flag of Șoldănești
Flag
Coat of arms of Șoldănești
Coat of arms
Location of Șoldănești
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Șoldănești
Government
 • Raion President Alexandru Reliţchi (PLDM), since 2007
Area
 • Total 598 km2 (231 sq mi)
 • Water 8.43 km2 (3.25 sq mi)  1.40%
Elevation 338 m (1,109 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 43,000
 • Density 71.9/km2 (186/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 272
Area code(s) +373 72
Car plates SD
Website http://www.soldanesti.md

Șoldănești is a district (Moldovan: raion) in the north-east of Moldova, with the administrative center at Șoldănești. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 43,300.

History[edit]

Localities with the earliest documentary attestation are Dobrusa, Olişcani, Răspopeni, Salcia are certified in period 1437-1448. In the 16th-18th centuries, continued economic development (trade, crafts), cultural (build churches, monasteries) and has been a marked increase in the population. Since late 18th and early 19th century, the region's economic decay occurs as a result of the constant wars led by Poland, the Ottoman Empire and Russian Empire for influence in the region. In 1812 Treaty of Bucharest divides Basarabia from the Principality of Moldova, the first being ceded to Russia. In 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Basarabia decide union with the motherland Romania, during this period (1918–1944) district, is part of Soroca County. Basarabia is again busy this time of the USSR after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part of the Soroca County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

Soldanesti district is located in north-eastern of Moldova, is the neighborhood north and west Florești District, in the north-east Camenca District, in east Rîbnița District, south Telenești and Rezina districts. The territory is located within the Plateau of Nistru, the relief is moderately, fragmented and represented by plateaus, low hills and dales wide and hilly interfluvial shaped strings. Sometimes come across isolated dome-shaped hills. On the plateau are widespread erosion and landslides. In the district high fertility soils are characterized by particularly prevalent in typical chernozem, leachates, and carbonated ordinary, gray and brown soil of forest closed. Average reliability of the soil according to the Land Register of the Republic of Moldova is 74 point average of districts of 63 points. Maximum altitude in district is the hill Zahorna, with 338 meters.

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate continental, average temperature of January -4.50 C, 21.00 C in July, the average annual precipitation is 500–560 mm. Average wind speed 4–6 m \ s.

Fauna[edit]

The fauna district is typical of Central Europe is characterized by: foxes, hedgehogs, hares, wild boar, deer, wildcat and wolf. Of birds: quail, egret, hawk, stork, crow, seagull and more.

Flora[edit]

Forests occupy 19.3% of the district and are complemented by oak, ash, lime, hornbeam, acacia and others. Plant: denial, nettle, fescue, clover, wormwood, bells. others.

Natural resources[edit]

The main mineral resources located in the district stands metallic resources, most of the stock is near the Mihuleni - limestone.Olişcani deposits - gravel. Soldanesti, Olişcani, Mihuleni, Vadul Raşcov - clay. Alcedar, Dobruşa, Răspopeni - sand.

Rivers[edit]

The district is located in the Nistru River basin, the river Ciorna is the main river in the district. You meet many sources of drinking water, groundwater is at depths between 0.5 m and 10–15 m.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

1 January 2012 the district population was 43,000 of which 17.5% urban and 82.5% rural population.

  • Births (2010): 536 (12.3 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 720 (16.6 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): -184 (-4.2 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 40,653 96.27%
Ukrainians 1,055 2.50%
Russians 376 0.89%
Gypsies 74 0.18%
Others 69 0.16%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

Being a predominantly agricultural district, the main efforts are focused on supporting and developing priority directions of agriculture. Arable land constitutes - 32 351 ha (54.4%), perennial plantations - 3544 ha (5.9%), pastures - 4761 ha (8.0%). Industrial enterprises of all types of ownership manufactured in January–September 2010 production of 6.846 million lei worth at current prices. The volume index of industrial production from January–September 2009 was (in comparable prices) 96.6%.

Education[edit]

In district 31 educational institutions working with a number of 5242 students. Currently in educational institutions operating in the district 509 teachers. Preschool - 28, children in kindergarten - 1458, teachers - 152.

Politics[edit]

Soldanesti district is a district with a preponderance of right-wing parties. AEI get good results here, but PCRM is in a constant percentage decrease. During 2001-2009, the district was a predominantly communist (over 50%).

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 76.6%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 52.19% 10,382 40.95% 8,145
July 2009 49.10% 9,467 44.90% 8,657
April 2009 30.70% 5,879 55.54% 10,634

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Soldanesti District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 8,145 40.95 −3.95
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 6,310 31.72 +17.91
Democratic Party of Moldova 2,486 12,50 -0.16
Liberal Party 1,239 6.23 −2.27
European Action Movement 408 2.05 +2.05
Party Alliance Our Moldova 347 1.74 −12.39
Christian Democratic People's Party 313 1.57 −2.58
Other Party 650 3.24 +1.39
Total (turnout 60.94%) 20,082 100.00


Culture[edit]

The district works: amateur artistic groups - 124, of which 13 bands as "model", public libraries - 34 of them five children, schools of music - 2, the school district fine arts - 1. 82 craftsmen working in the district of its four members of the craftsmen.

Health[edit]

Works: a hospital with general fund of 135 beds, the center of family doctor in the composition of which are 12 family physician offices, 3 health centers, two health centers and 7 autonomous health offices.

Personalities[edit]

Mihai Volontir in a 1960s film

Coordinates: 47°50′N 28°40′E / 47.833°N 28.667°E / 47.833; 28.667