Anenii Noi District

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Anenii Noi
District (Raion)
Location of Anenii Noi
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Anenii Noi
Government
 • Raion President Vladimir Vâzdoagă (PCRM), since 2007
Area
 • Total 892 km2 (344 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 83,100
 • Density 93.2/km2 (241/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 265
Area code(s) +373 65
Car plates AN
Website http://www.aneniinoi.com

Anenii Noi district (Romanian: Raionul Anenii Noi) is a district (raion) in the central part of Moldova. As of January 1, 2011, its population was 83,100. Its seat is the city of Anenii Noi.

History[edit]

Localities with the oldest documentary attestation are Gura Bîcului, Teliţa, Mereni localities documented for the first time in 1443-1475. In the following centuries to develop the economy (trade, agriculture, customs duties), and shows a significant demographic growth. The first documentary of the city Anenii Noi is June 27, 1731 with the name Pascani pe Bîc. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812-1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918-1940, 1941-1944), the district is part of the Chişinău County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Chişinău County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

Anenii Noi district is located in the central part of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following district: Criuleni District in north, east Grigoriopol District, Căuşeni District in south, Ialoveni District and Municipality of Chişinău in the west. Flat relief, the plain. Altitudes range from 30 m in the Lower Nistru plain, to 200–250 m in the hills of northern district. Erosion processes with a low intensity.

Climate[edit]

Temperate continental climate with annual average temperature +10 C, July average temperature +22 C, January average yearly precipitation -4 c. Yearly precipitation 500–600 mm. Average wind speed 3–5 m\s.

Fauna[edit]

Fauna typical of central Europe this mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, ermine, ferret and more. Of birds: owl, stork, hawk, sparrow, starling, crow, egret, partridges and others.

Flora[edit]

Forests occupy 10.7% of the district and are complemented by oak, english oak, hornbeam, maple, linden, ash and others. From plants: wormwood, black, clover, knotweed, nettle, fescue and more.

Rivers[edit]

Anenii Noi district is located in the Nistru river basin, which crosses the district in the east. The most important tributary of this is Bîc River (155 km). The largest lake is Lake Sălaș located near locality Gura Bîcului, with an area of 3.72 km². It is the third largest natural lake in Moldova.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Anenii Noi District has 1 town, 25 communes and 19 villages.

Cities[edit]

Communes and villages[edit]

Demographics[edit]

1 January 2012 the district population was 83,100 of which 10.3% urban and 89.7% rural population

  • Births (2010): 988 (11.9 per 1000)
  • Deaths 2010): 1018 (12.3 per 1000)
  • Growth rate (2010): -30 (-0.4 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 69,618 85.20%
Ukrainians 6,526 7.99%
Russians 4,135 5.06%
Bulgarians 481 0.59%
Gagauzians 235 0.29%
Gypsies 228 0.28%
Others 487 0.59%

Religion[edit]

Church of St. Dumitru, city of Anenii Noi

Economy[edit]

There are 12,555 businesses registered in the district. The share of agricultural land is 66,673 ha (74.7%) of total land area. The arable land occupies 52,161 ha (58.5%) of the total area of agricultural land: 2996 ha (3.4%), plantations of orchards, 3826 ha (4.3%) of vineyards, 4497 ha (5.0%) pastures, 335 ha (0.4%) others.

Education[edit]

The district Anenii Noi, 36 educational institutions operate. Total number of students: 10,867 students in schools, 120 children polyvalent vocational schools. Currently the schools in the district operates 860 teachers.

Politics[edit]

Voters in the district Anenii Noi, said mainly center-right parties, particularly the AEI. PCRM the last three elections is in a continuous fall.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 79.7%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 50.23% 21,670 44.12% 19,034
July 2009 48.48% 19,102 47.92% 18,882
April 2009 32.77% 12,057 53.80% 19,799

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Anenii Noi District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 19,034 44.12 −3.80
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 13,380 31.02 +12.98
Democratic Party of Moldova 4,406 10,21 -0.84
Liberal Party 3,292 7.63 −6.63
European Action Movement 763 1.76 +1.76
Party Alliance Our Moldova 591 1.37 −3.76
Other Party 2,452 5.65 +2.05
Total (turnout 60.14%) 43,421 100.00


Culture[edit]

Serpeni World War II Memorial

The district Anenii Noi operates: 65 artistic, two art schools, 18 teams, holding the title of the band model, 37 public libraries.

Health[edit]

The district works: a hospital with general fund of 188 beds, a center of family doctors in the composition of which there are 16 offices of family doctors, 13 health centers, 11 health points. In health care population Anenii Noi district operates: 123 doctors, 356 average staff, nurses, 348 medical and auxiliary personnel.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 46°55′N 29°15′E / 46.917°N 29.250°E / 46.917; 29.250