Drochia District

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Drochia
District (Raion)
Flag of Drochia
Flag
Coat of arms of Drochia
Coat of arms
Location of Drochia
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Flag of Drochia.svg Drochia
Government
 • Raion President Andrei Marian (PLDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 1,000 km2 (400 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 89,500
 • Density 89.5/km2 (232/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 252
Area code(s) +373 52
Car plates DR
Website www.drochia.md

Drochia district is a district in the north of Moldova. Its administrative center is the city of Drochia. As of 2011, its population was 90,100.

History[edit]

The oldest historical attestations about the settlements in the district from the period 1443-1470 when the mentioned villages Cotova, Hasnasenii Mari, Mindic. In the next century of growth followed both economic, cultural and demographic explosion, shown by the fact that 11 villages in the district had 3,000 inhabitants. After the Treaty of Bucharest in 1812, Bessarabia as Drochia district are occupied by the Russian Empire at this time there is a massive colonization by Ukrainians and Russians. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with the motherland Romania. And in 1940, Bessarabia is again occupied by the USSR on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty. After the 2004 census the population was 94.500 inhabitants of the district.

Geography[edit]

Drochia district is located in the north of Moldova, has Donduseni District neighborhood in north, east Florești and Soroca district, south Singerei District and Riscani District in the southwest. In the northern district they learn remains of Plateau Moldova, while most of the district is located in Balti Steppe. The relief is poorly fractured, weak erogenous processes. Chernozems occupy about 80% of the district.

Climate[edit]

District climate is temperate, with shades continental. Average annual temperature is c. 9-10.5, average temperature in July is 21 C, while in January -5 C. Annual precipitation varies from 600–650 mm years reaching rainy, while 300–350 mm in dry years. Average wind speed is 3–6 m \ s.

Fauna[edit]

Fauna is characterized by the presence of such mammals such as fox, ferret, wild boar, deer, fallow Deer, rabbit, weasel, hedgehog, in water bodies: ondatra and otter. From bird: stork, crow, partridges, swallow, egrets, swan, in the past Balti steppe which was populated by bustards mainly inhabited district today. Now they have disappeared or are in a tiny number. The emblem Drochia District is present bustard, from which comes the name of the district.

Flora[edit]

Forests occupy 8.1% the area district and are characterized by: hornbeam, oak, beech, lime, chestnut, ash and others. Plant, mainly steppe features are: fescue, denial, clover, wormwood, burdock, knotweed and others.

Rivers[edit]

Drochia district is located in the Raut river basin (the largest tributary of the Nistru River), which has a length of 286 km, crossing tributaries of the district are along Raut, Cubolta (101 km) and Cainari (86 km). Most lakes in the district have artificial origin.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

There are a total of 40 localities: 1 city, and 27 communes (containing further 12 villages within):

Cities[edit]

Drochia (population 20,400)     

Communes[edit]

Antoneuca (Antoneni; pop. 479)
Baroncea (pop. 1,609)
Baroncea Nouă
Chetrosu (pop. 5,325)
Cotova (pop. 3,569)
Măcăreuca
Dominteni (pop. 1,402)
Drochia (Drochia sat; pop. 2,843)
Fîntîniţa (Ghizdita; pop. 1,405)
Ghizdita, loc.st.c.f.
Gribova (Năduşita, Năduşiţa; pop. 2,175)  
Hăsnăşenii Mari (pop. 1,884)
Hăsnăşenii Noi (pop. 1,736)
Lazo (Cuza-Vodă)
Maramonovca (Moara Nouă; pop. 2,666)  
Miciurin (Ghica-Vodă; pop. 1,608)
Mîndîc (pop. 3,402)
Moara de Piatră (pop. 1,659)
Nicoreni (Nicoreşti; pop. 3,420)
Ochiul Alb (pop. 3,089)
Palanca (pop. 901)
Holoşniţa Nouă
Şalvirii Noi
Pelinia (pop. 7,538)
Pelinia, loc.st.c.f
Pervomaiscoe (Căetăneşti; pop. 897)  
Sergheuca (Serghieşti)    
Petreni (pop. 1,179)
Popeştii Noi
Popeştii de Jos (pop. 1,902)
Popeştii de Sus (pop. 1,784)
Sofia (pop. 4,823)
Şalvirii Vechi (pop. 1,082)
Ceapaevca
Iliciovca
Şuri (pop. 4,614)
Şurii Noi
Ţarigrad (pop. 4,655)    
Zguriţa (pop. 2,840)

Demographics[edit]

1 January 2012 the district population was 89,500 of which 22.8% urban and 77.2% rural population.

  • Births (2010): 904 (10.0 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1311 (14.5 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): -407 (-4.5 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 75,044 86.17%
Ukrainians 9,849 11.31%
Russians 1,641 1.88%
Gypsies 272 0.31%
Gagauzians 44 0.05%
Others 242 0.28%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

As of 2009, 13,767 businesses were registered in the district. 11,168 these were private farms, 1,585 individual businesses, 492 limited liability companies, 28 joint stock companies, 13 state-owned enterprises, 257 "public ventures", and 224 other types.

Education[edit]

At of 2009, there were 41 kindergartens in the district, with 3,827 kids. There were 12 lyceums (grades 1-12), 9 secondary schools (grades 1-11), 15 gymnasiums (grades 1-9), 3 primary schools (grades 1-4), a boarding school for students with disabilities, and an auxiliary school.

Politics[edit]

Located in the so-called North Red electoral region (the region where PCRM obtained favorable results over 50% of votes), district in 2001-2009 was mainly communist district. But after the 2010 elections the communists lose to the AEI.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 68.0%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 48.58% 19,623 44.57% 15,043
July 2009 46.20% 18,047 49.69% 19,406
April 2009 30.36% 11,678 56.91% 21,895

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Drochia District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 18,003 44.57 −5.12
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 11,400 28.22 +12.0
Democratic Party of Moldova 5,583 13,82 -2.46
Liberal Party 1,700 4.21 −4.36
Party Alliance Our Moldova 940 2.33 −2.80
Humanist Party of Moldova 489 1.21 +1.21
Other Party 2295 5.64 +1.53
Total (turnout 59.01%) 40,697 100.00


Culture[edit]

There are 33 public libraries and 5 museums in Drochia district. There are also 115 art groups.

Personalities[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°05′N 27°50′E / 48.083°N 27.833°E / 48.083; 27.833