Rezina District

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Rezina
District (Raion)
Flag of Rezina
Flag
Coat of arms of Rezina
Coat of arms
Location of Rezina
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Rezina
Government
 • Raion President Eleonora Graur (PDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 621 km2 (240 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 52,300
 • Density 84.2/km2 (218/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 254
Area code(s) +373 54
Car plates RZ
Website consiliul.rezina.md

Rezina is a district (Moldovan: raion) in the east of Moldova, with the administrative center at Rezina. Rezina is situated on the western bank of the Nistru river. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 52,600.

History[edit]

Tipova cave monastery (10th-12th century)

The first human settlements on the territory of the district today appeared in the Neolithic era (7th-5th millennium BC). Near villages Solonceni, Echimăuţi and Stohnaia and found traces of the existence of territorial and cultural community of families of related tribes. Fertile soil, suitable for cattle breeding and agriculture, water and forests bank, which is a good shelter, were elements that favored flat settlements in these places. Dacians inhabited these territories 2nd millennium BC - 5th century AD. 1st century BC Dacian leader Burebista, unites dacian communities, forming a unitary Dacian state. This state called Dacia, included the present territory of Rezina district. In the 10th-12th centuries a monastery was built near Tipova. The monastery is carved from a giant limestone rock and includes 18 caves, connected by internal passages. It is one of the most important buildings (cave monastery) on the banks of the Nistru river. District towns, with the earliest historical attestation are Horodiste and Pecişte documented during 1437-1466. The first evidence of Rezina, a village landlord, we find a document of 5 February 1495 that prince of Stephan the Great, strengthens his Toader, Rezina village where he was Alexa Vataman, at the mouth of Rezina river purchased from his relatives, grandchildren of the great Negrea 70 Tatars zloty. In the 16th-18th centuries, further develop the region's economic, cultural and shows a marked increase in the population. In 1812 Treaty of Bucharest divides Basarabia from the Principality of Moldova, the first being ceded to Russia. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Basarabia decide union with the motherland Romania, during this period (1918–1944) district, is part of Orhei County. Basarabia is again busy this time of the USSR after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part of the Soroca County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

Waterfall nearby Saharna monastery

Rezina district is located in the central-eastern part of Moldova. Does neighborhood Şoldăneşti District in the north, to the east with Rîbnița District, in south Orhei District and Teleneşti District in the west. District is located, Nistru Plateau, has a rugged terrain, with a strong erosion process. Throughout the district, situated on the river Nistru, is very picturesque. Of particular interest has two nature reserves: Saharna (670 ha) and Tipova (430 ha). Of rare beauty is Saharna river, forming small 22 waterfalls. Among the most impressive are "Gypsy Falls" with a height of 4 m and 6 m wide. Tipova nature reserve, covers the old terraces of the Nistru River and Tipova river valleys, which flows through the gorge, forming several waterfalls with a height of 10–16 m. District has mineral resources like gravel, sand, clay, stone and raw material for cement.

Climate[edit]

District has a warm climate, temperate, climate influenced by the Eastern Carpathians and Ukrainian Plain. The average annual temperature in this area is between 8-9 c degrees, in winter -4-4.5 c, sometimes reaching -20-25 degrees, 35-40 degrees in summer. In the present climate of this area has become warmer than bank last century. The fact is explained, as is known, the evolution of warm climate in Western and Eastern Europe, the temperature change caused by different natural and human factors.

Fauna[edit]

Nistru near the Lalova

Fauna typical of Central Europe with this higher: fox, badger, raccoon dog, deer, wild boar, deer, red wolf, brown rat, marten, wild cat and others. From bird: stork, egret, swan, wild duck, seagull, hawk, tits, raven, nightingale, eagle, starling, crow, owl and others.

Flora[edit]

Forests are composed of oak, ash, linden, maple, locust and others. Herbal vegetation rocky, limestone slopes feature, with this: denial, fescue, clover, knotweed etc..

Rivers[edit]

District is located in the Nistru river basin, with its tributaries Saharna and Tipova, which crosses the district. In the district meet the waterfalls, springs and wells.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

  • Localities: 41
    • Administrative center: Rezina
      • Cities: Rezina
        • Villages: 16
          • Communes: 24

Demographics[edit]

1 January 2012 the district population was 52,300 of which 25.1% urban and 74.9% rural population.

  • Births (2010): 586 (11.1 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 729 (13.8 per 1000)
  • Growth rate (2010): -143 (-2.7 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 45,096 93.74%
Ukrainians 1,691 3.52%
Russians 1,093 2.27%
Bulgarians 40 0.07%
Gagauzians 34 0.06%
Jews 30 0.05%
Others 121 0.25%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

In the district are 8264 registered entities, including the right person - 7645 including: individual enterprises - 578, peasant households - 7067, with the right of legal person - 19 (SRL, SA, joint ventures). Share 34 461 ha is agricultural land (55.5%) of the total land surface.

Education[edit]

In Rezina district operates 41 educational institutions, including schools - 38 of which: 7 - 3235 students studying in high schools, 5 - middle schools with 2719 pupils, 20 - secondary schools with 2719 pupils, 6 - primary schools with 102 students, 24 preschool - with 1474 children, 1 - professional schools with 242 students, 1 - auxiliary school with 164 children, 1 - music school with 70 children, 1 - 68 arts school children. Currently in educational institutions in the district operates 924 teachers.

Politics[edit]

Rezina is a larger district with this center-right parties. PCRM during the 2001-2009 election had more than 50% of the vote is now in constant decay.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 74.8%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 51.30% 12,540 39.40% 9,631
July 2009 46.00% 10,786 48.83% 11,376
April 2009 31.66% 7,172 55.52% 12,611

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Rezina District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 9,631 39.40 −9.43
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 6,797 27.81 +8.57
Democratic Party of Moldova 3,588 14,68 +3.24
Liberal Party 1,890 7.73 −2.92
European Action Movement 841 3.44 +3.44
United Moldova 304 1.24 +1.24
Christian Democratic People's Party 301 1.23 −2.24
Party Alliance Our Moldova 265 1.08 −3.89
Other Party 834 3.39 +1.99
Total (turnout 62.03%) 24,625 100.00


Culture[edit]

Works: Museums - 1, Public libraries - 36 homes and houses of culture - 35, Artistic education institutions - 3, Enable artistic - 116, 19 bands which holds the band model, institutions of social assistance are Section Social and Family Protection and nursing "Grandma's House."

Health[edit]

In district works: family medical center - one, the hospital district - one, the resort to emergency care - 1, health center - 5, family doctors' offices - 16, medical centers - 11, state pharmacies - 1, 28 pharmaceutical kiosks, private pharmacies - 3 in town and four in villages. In the field of public health, the district operates 63 physicians.

Personalities[edit]

Coordinates: 47°40′N 28°50′E / 47.667°N 28.833°E / 47.667; 28.833